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Isaiah 57:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— ye that inflame yourselves among the oaks, under every green tree; that slay the children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clifts of the rocks?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Who] inflame yourselves among the oaks, Under every luxuriant tree, Who slaughter the children in the ravines, Under the clefts of the crags?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the cliffs of the rocks?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who inflame yourselves, With the terebinths, Under every green tree—Slaying the children, In the torrent-valleys, Under the clefts of the crags:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who are inflamed among oaks, under every green tree, Slaughtering the children in valleys, Under clefts of the rocks.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who seek your comfort in idols under every green tree, sacrificing children in the torrents, under the high rocks?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Inflaming your selues with idoles vnder euery greene tree, slaying the children in the valleys vnder the cliftes of the rockes?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— who call upon idols under the leafy trees, slaying your children in the valleys among the rocks?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Enflaming yourselves with elim under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clifts of the rocks?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Enflaming y2552
[2552] Standard
חָמַם
chamam
{khaw-mam'}
A primitive root; to be hot (literally or figuratively).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
yourselves x2552
(2552) Complement
חָמַם
chamam
{khaw-mam'}
A primitive root; to be hot (literally or figuratively).
with lm אֵלִים 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
under x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
green 7488
{7488} Prime
רַעֲנָן
ra`anan
{rah-an-awn'}
From an unused root meaning to be green; verdant; by analogy new; figuratively prosperous.
tree, 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
slaying 7819
{7819} Prime
שָׁחַט
shachat
{shaw-khat'}
A primitive root; to slaughter (in sacrifice or massacre).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the children 3206
{3206} Prime
יֶלֶד
yeled
{yeh'-led}
From H3205; something born, that is, a lad or offspring.
in the valleys 5158
{5158} Prime
נַחַל
nachal
{nakh'-al}
From H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine).
under x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
the clifts 5585
{5585} Prime
סָעִיף
ca`iyph
{saw-eef'}
From H5586; a fissure (of rocks); also a bough (as subdivided).
of the rocks? 5553
{5553} Prime
סֶלַע
cela`
{seh'-lah}
From an unused root meaning to be lofty; a craggy rock, literally or figuratively (a fortress).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 57:5

_ _ Enflaming yourselves — burning with lust towards idols [Gesenius]; or else (compare Margin), in the terebinth groves, which the Hebrew and the parallelism favor (see on Isaiah 1:29) [Maurer].

_ _ under ... tree — (2 Kings 17:10). The tree, as in the Assyrian sculptures, was probably made an idolatrous symbol of the heavenly hosts.

_ _ slaying ... children — as a sacrifice to Molech, etc. (2 Kings 17:31; 2 Chronicles 28:3; 2 Chronicles 33:6).

_ _ in ... valleys — the valley of the son of Hinnom. Fire was put within a hollow brazen statue, and the child was put in his heated arms; kettle drums (Hebrew, toph) were beaten to drown the child’s cries; whence the valley was called Tophet (2 Chronicles 33:6; Jeremiah 7:3).

_ _ under ... clifts — the gloom of caverns suiting their dark superstitions.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 57:3-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 57:5

Enflaming — Lusting after them, and mad upon them. Slaying — In way of sacrifice to their idols. Valleys — He seems to allude to the valley of Hinnom in which these cruelties were practised. Clifts — Which they chuse either for shade, or for those dark vaults, in rocks, which were convenient for idolatrous uses.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 57:5

Inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the (d) children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

(d) Read (Leviticus 18:21; 2 Kings 23:10).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Enflaming:

Exodus 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.
Numbers 25:1-2 And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. ... And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.
Numbers 25:6 And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who [were] weeping [before] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Jeremiah 50:38 A drought [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols.
Jeremiah 51:7 Babylon [hath been] a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.
Hosea 4:11-13 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart. ... They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof [is] good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery.
Hosea 7:4-7 They [are] all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, [who] ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened. ... They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: [there is] none among them that calleth unto me.
Amos 2:7-8 That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek: and a man and his father will go in unto the [same] maid, to profane my holy name: ... And they lay [themselves] down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their god.
Revelation 17:1-5 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters: ... And upon her forehead [was] a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.
Revelation 18:3 For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.

with idols:
or, among the oaks,
Isaiah 1:29 For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.

under:

Deuteronomy 12:2 Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree:
1 Kings 14:23 For they also built them high places, and images, and groves, on every high hill, and under every green tree.
2 Kings 16:3-4 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel. ... And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.
2 Kings 17:10 And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree:
Jeremiah 2:20 For of old time I have broken thy yoke, [and] burst thy bands; and thou saidst, I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.
Jeremiah 3:6 The LORD said also unto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast thou seen [that] which backsliding Israel hath done? she is gone up upon every high mountain and under every green tree, and there hath played the harlot.
Jeremiah 3:13 Only acknowledge thine iniquity, that thou hast transgressed against the LORD thy God, and hast scattered thy ways to the strangers under every green tree, and ye have not obeyed my voice, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 17:2 Whilst their children remember their altars and their groves by the green trees upon the high hills.
Ezekiel 6:13 Then shall ye know that I [am] the LORD, when their slain [men] shall be among their idols round about their altars, upon every high hill, in all the tops of the mountains, and under every green tree, and under every thick oak, the place where they did offer sweet savour to all their idols.

slaying:

Leviticus 18:21 And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through [the fire] to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I [am] the LORD.
Leviticus 20:2-5 Again, thou shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever [he be] of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth [any] of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones. ... Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go a whoring after him, to commit whoredom with Molech, from among their people.
2 Kings 16:3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel.
2 Kings 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which [is] in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.
2 Chronicles 28:3 Moreover he burnt incense in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and burnt his children in the fire, after the abominations of the heathen whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.
Jeremiah 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded [them] not, neither came it into my heart.
Jeremiah 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which [are] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through [the fire] unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.
Ezekiel 16:20 Moreover thou hast taken thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne unto me, and these hast thou sacrificed unto them to be devoured. [Is this] of thy whoredoms a small matter,
Ezekiel 20:26 And I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through [the fire] all that openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, to the end that they might know that I [am] the LORD.
Ezekiel 20:31 For when ye offer your gifts, when ye make your sons to pass through the fire, ye pollute yourselves with all your idols, even unto this day: and shall I be enquired of by you, O house of Israel? [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will not be enquired of by you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:6. Lv 18:21; 20:2. Nu 25:1, 6. Dt 12:2. 1K 14:23. 2K 16:3; 17:10; 23:10. 2Ch 28:3. Is 1:29. Jr 2:20; 3:6, 13; 7:31; 17:2; 32:35; 50:38; 51:7. Ezk 6:13; 16:20; 20:26, 31. Ho 4:11; 7:4. Am 2:7. Rv 17:1; 18:3.

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