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Isaiah 56:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that holdeth it fast; that keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the son of man [that] layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “How blessed is the man who does this, And the son of man who takes hold of it; Who keeps from profaning the sabbath, And keeps his hand from doing any evil.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the son of man [that] layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that holdeth fast to it; that keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How happy the frail man, who doeth this! Yea the son of the earth-born who firmly graspeth it! Keeping the sabbath, lest he profane it, and, Keeping his own hand, from doing any wrong.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— O the happiness of a man who doth this, And of a son of man who keepeth hold on it, Keeping the sabbath from polluting it, And keeping his hand from doing any evil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed is the man that doth this, and the son of man that shall lay hold on this: that keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, that keepeth his hands from doing any evil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the sonne of man [that] layeth holde on it: that keepeth the Sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any euill.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Blessed is the man that does these things, and the man that holds by them, and keeps the sabbaths from profaning them, and keeps his hands from doing unrighteousness.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the son of man [that] layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Blessed 835
{0835} Prime
אֶשֶׁר
'esher
{eh'-sher}
From H0833; happiness; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!.
[is] the man 582
{0582} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
[that] doeth 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
this, x2063
(2063) Complement
זֹאת
zo'th
{zothe'}
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
and the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
[that] layeth hold 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
on it; that keepeth 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the sabbath 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
from polluting 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
it, and keepeth 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
his hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
from doing 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
any x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
evil. 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 56:2

_ _ (Luke 12:43).

_ _ the manHebrew, enosh, “a man in humble life,” in contradistinction to Hebrew, ish, “one of high rank.” Even the humblest, as “the stranger” and “the eunuch” (Isaiah 56:4, Isaiah 56:6), are admissible to these privileges.

_ _ this ... it — what follows: “keeping the Sabbath,” etc. (Isaiah 58:13, Isaiah 58:14; Ezekiel 20:12). A proof that the Sabbath, in the spirit of its obligation, was to be binding under the Gospel (Isaiah 66:23). That gospel times are referred to is plain, from the blessing not being pronounced on the man who observed the sacrificial ritual of the Jewish law.

_ _ layeth hold — image from one grasping firmly some precious object which he is afraid of having forcibly snatched from him. The “Sabbath” here includes all the ordinances of divine worship under the new gospel law.

_ _ keepeth ... hand ... from ... evil — The observance of the second table of the law; as the “Sabbath” referred to the first table. Together, they form the whole duty of man, the worship of God and a holy life.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 56:1-2.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 56:2

The man — Every man not only Jews but Gentiles, as it is explained in the following verses. The sabbath — The sabbath seems to be put here, as sacrifice is elsewhere, for the whole worship of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 56:2

Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the son of man [that] layeth hold on it; that keepeth the (c) sabbath from profaning it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.

(c) Under the Sabbath he comprehends the whole service of God and true religion.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Blessed:

Psalms 1:1-3 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. ... And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
Psalms 15:1-5 [[A Psalm of David.]] LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? ... [He that] putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these [things] shall never be moved.
Psalms 106:3 Blessed [are] they that keep judgment, [and] he that doeth righteousness at all times.
Psalms 112:1 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Psalms 119:1-5 ALEPH. Blessed [are] the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD. ... O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes!
Psalms 128:1 [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his ways.
Luke 11:28 But he said, Yea rather, blessed [are] they that hear the word of God, and keep it.
Luke 12:43 Blessed [is] that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
John 13:17 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.
Revelation 22:14 Blessed [are] they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

layeth:

Isaiah 56:4 For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose [the things] that please me, and take hold of my covenant;
Proverbs 4:13 Take fast hold of instruction; let [her] not go: keep her; for she [is] thy life.
Ecclesiastes 7:18 [It is] good that thou shouldest take hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all.

keepeth the:

Isaiah 58:13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, [from] doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking [thine own] words:
Exodus 31:13-16 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it [is] a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that [ye] may know that I [am] the LORD that doth sanctify you. ... Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, [for] a perpetual covenant.
Leviticus 19:30 Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I [am] the LORD.
Nehemiah 13:17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing [is] this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day?
Jeremiah 17:21-22 Thus saith the LORD; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath day, nor bring [it] in by the gates of Jerusalem; ... Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the sabbath day, neither do ye any work, but hallow ye the sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers.
Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I [am] the LORD that sanctify them.
Ezekiel 20:20 And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I [am] the LORD your God.

keepeth his:

Psalms 34:14 Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.
Psalms 37:27 Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore.
Psalms 119:101 I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word.
Proverbs 4:27 Turn not to the right hand nor to the left: remove thy foot from evil.
Proverbs 14:16 A wise [man] feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth, and is confident.
Proverbs 16:6 By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD [men] depart from evil.
Proverbs 16:17 The highway of the upright [is] to depart from evil: he that keepeth his way preserveth his soul.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 31:13. Lv 19:30. Ne 13:17. Ps 1:1; 15:1; 34:14; 37:27; 106:3; 112:1; 119:1, 101; 128:1. Pv 4:13, 27; 14:16; 16:6, 17. Ec 7:18. Is 56:4; 58:13. Jr 17:21. Ezk 20:12, 20. Lk 11:28; 12:43. Jn 13:17. Ro 12:9. Rv 22:14.

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