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Isaiah 56:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— His watchmen are blind, they are all without knowledge; they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; dreaming, lying down, loving to slumber.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— His watchmen are blind, All of them know nothing. All of them are mute dogs unable to bark, Dreamers lying down, who love to slumber;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— His watchmen are all of them blind, they are without knowledge; they are all dumb dogs that cannot bark, dreaming, lying down, loving to slumber:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— His watchmen, are blind, None of them, know, All of them, are dumb dogs, they cannot bark,—Dreaming, sleeping, loving to slumber.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Blind [are] his watchmen—all of them, They have not known, All of them [are] dumb dogs, they are not able to bark, Dozing, lying down, loving to slumber.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— His watchmen are all blind, they are all ignorant: dumb dogs not able to bark, seeing vain things, sleeping and loving dreams.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— His watchmen [are] blinde: they [are] all ignorant, they [are] all dumbe dogs, they cannot barke; sleeping, lying downe, louing to slumber.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— See how they are all blinded: they have not known; [they are] dumb dogs [that] will not bark; dreaming of rest, loving to slumber.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
His watchmen 6822
{6822} Prime
צָפָה
tsaphah
{tsaw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to lean forward, that is, to peer into the distance; by implication to observe, await.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[are] blind: 5787
{5787} Prime
עִוֵּר
`ivver
{iv-vare'}
Intensive from H5786; blind (literally or figuratively).
they are all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
ignorant, 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
they [are] all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
dumb 483
{0483} Prime
אִלֵּם
'illem
{il-lame'}
From H0481; speechless.
dogs, 3611
{3611} Prime
כֶּלֶב
keleb
{keh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to yelp, or else to attack; a dog; hence (by euphemism) a male prostitute.
they cannot 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
bark; 5024
{5024} Prime
נָבַח
nabach
{naw-bakh'}
A primitive root; to bark (as a dog).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
sleeping, 1957
{1957} Prime
הָזָה
hazah
{haw-zaw'}
A primitive root (compare H2372); to dream.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
lying down, 7901
{7901} Prime
שָׁכַב
shakab
{shaw-kab'}
A primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
loving 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to slumber. 5123
{5123} Prime
נוּם
nuwm
{noom}
A primitive root; to slumber (from drowsiness).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 56:10

_ _ His watchmen — Israel’s spiritual leaders (Isaiah 62:6; Ezekiel 3:17).

_ _ dumb dogs — image from bad shepherds’ watchdogs, which fail to give notice, by barking, of the approach of wild beasts.

_ _ blind — (Matthew 23:16).

_ _ sleeping, lying down — rather, “dreamers, sluggards” [Lowth]. Not merely sleeping inactive, but under visionary delusions.

_ _ loving to slumber — not merely slumbering involuntarily, but loving it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 56:9-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 56:10

His — Israel's. Watchmen — Priests and teachers; he mentions only the teachers, because ignorance was most shameful in them, but hereby he supposes the gross ignorance of the people. Bark — They are also slothful and negligent in instructing the people, and do not faithfully reprove them for their sins.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 56:10

His (k) watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.

(k) He shows that this affliction will come through the fault of the governors, prophets and pastors, whose ignorance, negligence, greed and obstinacy provoked God's wrath against them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
watchmen:

Isaiah 52:8 Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.
Ezekiel 3:17 Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me.

are blind:

Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.
Jeremiah 14:13-14 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, the prophets say unto them, Ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine; but I will give you assured peace in this place. ... Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart.
Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.
Hosea 9:7-8 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know [it]: the prophet [is] a fool, the spiritual man [is] mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred. ... The watchman of Ephraim [was] with my God: [but] the prophet [is] a snare of a fowler in all his ways, [and] hatred in the house of his God.
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
Matthew 23:16-26 Woe unto you, [ye] blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor! ... [Thou] blind Pharisee, cleanse first that [which is] within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.
Luke 6:39-40 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? ... The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

they are all dumb:

Isaiah 58:1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.
Jeremiah 6:13-14 For from the least of them even unto the greatest of them every one [is] given to covetousness; and from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely. ... They have healed also the hurt [of the daughter] of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when [there is] no peace.
Jeremiah 23:13-14 And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err. ... I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
Ezekiel 3:15-18 Then I came to them of the captivity at Telabib, that dwelt by the river of Chebar, and I sat where they sat, and remained there astonished among them seven days. ... When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; and thou givest him not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way, to save his life; the same wicked [man] shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand.
Ezekiel 3:26-27 And I will make thy tongue cleave to the roof of thy mouth, that thou shalt be dumb, and shalt not be to them a reprover: for they [are] a rebellious house. ... But when I speak with thee, I will open thy mouth, and thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; He that heareth, let him hear; and he that forbeareth, let him forbear: for they [are] a rebellious house.
Ezekiel 13:16 [To wit], the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and [there is] no peace, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 33:6 But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take [any] person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman's hand.
Philippians 3:2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.

sleeping:
or, dreaming, or talking in their sleep

loving:

Proverbs 6:4-10 Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids. ... [Yet] a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep:
Proverbs 24:30-34 I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding; ... So shall thy poverty come [as] one that travelleth; and thy want as an armed man.
Jonah 1:2-6 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me. ... So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.
Nahum 3:18 Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell [in the dust]: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth [them].
Mark 13:34-37 [For the Son of man is] as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the porter to watch. ... And what I say unto you I say unto all, Watch.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 6:4; 24:30. Is 29:10; 52:8; 58:1. Jr 6:13; 14:13; 23:13. Ezk 3:15, 17, 26; 13:16; 33:6. Ho 4:6; 9:7. Jna 1:2. Na 3:18. Mt 15:14; 23:16. Mk 13:34. Lk 6:39. Php 3:2.

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