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Isaiah 55:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, I have given him for a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander to the peoples.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, I have given him [for] a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Behold, I have made him a witness to the peoples, A leader and commander for the peoples.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, I have given him [for] a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, I have given him [for] a witness to the peoples, a prince and commander to the peoples.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! As a witness to the peoples, have I given him,—As a leader and commander, to the peoples:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, a witness to peoples I have given him, A leader and commander to peoples.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold I have given him for a witness to the people, for a leader and a master to the Gentiles.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, I haue giuen him for a witnesse to the people, a leader and commander to the people.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Behold I have made him a testimony among the Gentiles, a prince and commander to the Gentiles.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, I have given him [for] a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2005
(2005) Complement
הֵן
hen
{hane}
A primitive particle; lo! also (as expressing surprise) if.
I have given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him [for] a witness 5707
{5707} Prime
עֵד
`ed
{ayd}
From H5749 contracted; concretely a witness; abstractly testimony; specifically a recorder, that is, prince.
to the people, 3816
{3816} Prime
לְאֹם
l@om
{leh-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to gather; a community.
a leader 5057
{5057} Prime
נָגִיד
nagiyd
{naw-gheed'}
From H5046; a commander (as occupying the front), civil, military or religious; generally (abstract plural), honorable themes.
and commander 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
to the people. 3816
{3816} Prime
לְאֹם
l@om
{leh-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to gather; a community.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 55:4

_ _ him — the mystical David (Ezekiel 37:24, Ezekiel 37:25; Jeremiah 30:9; Hosea 3:5). Given by God (Isaiah 49:6).

_ _ witness — He bore witness even unto death for God, to His law, claims, and plan of redeeming love (John 18:37; Revelation 1:5). Revelation is a “testimony”; because it is propounded to be received on the authority of the Giver, and not merely because it can be proved by arguments.

_ _ commander — “preceptor” [Horsley]; “lawgiver” [Barnes].

_ _ to the people — rather, “peoples.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 55:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 55:4

Behold — I have appointed, and will in due time actually give. Him — The David last mentioned, even Christ. A witness — To declare the will of God concerning the duty and salvation of men, to bear witness to truth, to confirm God's promises, and, among others, those which respect the calling of the Gentiles: to be a witness of both parties of that covenant made between God and men. The people — To all people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 55:4

Behold, I have given (g) him [for] a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

(g) Meaning Christ, of whom David was a figure.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I have:

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.
1 Timothy 6:13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
Revelation 3:14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

a leader:

Isaiah 49:8-10 Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages; ... They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Psalms 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
Jeremiah 30:9 But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them.
Ezekiel 34:23-24 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. ... And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken [it].
Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand, [that] from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
Hosea 3:5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD their God, and David their king; and shall fear the LORD and his goodness in the latter days.
Micah 5:2-4 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting. ... And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.
Matthew 2:6 And thou Bethlehem, [in] the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
Matthew 28:18-20 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. ... Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.
John 10:3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
John 12:26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will [my] Father honour.
John 13:13 Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for [so] I am.
2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
Ephesians 5:24 Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so [let] the wives [be] to their own husbands in every thing.
Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom [are] all things, and by whom [are] all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 2:6. Is 49:8. Jr 30:9. Ezk 34:23. Dn 9:25. Ho 3:5. Mi 5:2. Mt 2:6; 28:18. Jn 3:16; 10:3, 27; 12:26; 13:13; 18:37. Ep 5:24. 2Th 1:8. 1Ti 6:13. He 2:10; 5:9. Rv 1:5; 3:14.

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