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Isaiah 55:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labor for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Why do you spend money for what is not bread, And your wages for what does not satisfy? Listen carefully to Me, and eat what is good, And delight yourself in abundance.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labor for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently to me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? Hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, should ye spend, Money, for that which is, not bread? Or your labour, for that which, satisfieth not? Keep on hearkening unto me, And so eat that which is good, And let your soul, take exquisite delight in fatness:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Why do ye weigh money for that which is not bread? And your labour for that which is not for satiety? Hearken diligently unto me, and eat good, And your soul doth delight itself in fatness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why do you spend money for that which is not bread, and your labour for that which doth not satisfy you? Hearken diligently to me, and eat that which is good, and your soul shall be delighted in fatness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore doe yee spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently vnto me, and eate ye that which is good, and let your soule delight it selfe in fatnesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Wherefore do ye value at the price of money, and [give] your labour for that which will not satisfy? hearken to me, and ye shall eat that which is good, and your soul shall feast itself on good things.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
do ye spend 8254
{8254} Prime
שָׁקַל
shaqal
{shaw-kal'}
A primitive root; to suspend or poise (especially in trade).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
money 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
for [that which is] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
bread? 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
and your labour 3018
{3018} Prime
יְגִיעַ
y@giya`
{yeg-ee'-ah}
From H3021; toil; hence a work, produce, property (as the result of labor).
for [that which] satisfieth 7654
{7654} Prime
שָׂבְעָה
sob`ah
{sob-aw'}
Feminine of H7648; satiety.
not? 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hearken y8085
[8085] Standard
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
diligently 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me, and eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
ye [that which is] good, 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
and let your soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
delight y6026
[6026] Standard
עָנַג
`anag
{aw-nag'}
A primitive root; to be soft or pliable, that is, (figuratively) effeminate or luxurious.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
itself x6026
(6026) Complement
עָנַג
`anag
{aw-nag'}
A primitive root; to be soft or pliable, that is, (figuratively) effeminate or luxurious.
in fatness. 1880
{1880} Prime
דֶּשֶׁן
deshen
{deh'-shen}
From H1878; the fat; abstractly fatness, that is, (figuratively) abundance; specifically the (fatty) ashes of sacrifices.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 55:2

_ _ not bread — (Habakkuk 2:13). “Bread of deceit” (Proverbs 20:17). Contrast this with the “bread of life” (John 6:32, John 6:35; also Luke 14:16-20).

_ _ satisfieth not — (Ecclesiastes 1:8; Ecclesiastes 4:8).

_ _ hearken ... and eat — When two imperatives are joined, the second expresses the consequence of obeying the command in the first (Genesis 42:18). By hearkening ye shall eat. So in Isaiah 55:1, “buy and eat.” By buying, and so making it your own, ye shall eat, that is, experimentally enjoy it (John 6:53). Compare the invitation (Proverbs 9:5, Proverbs 9:6; Matthew 22:4).

_ _ fatness — (Psalms 36:8; Psalms 63:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 55:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 55:2

Money — All your time, and strength, and cost. Not bread — For those things which can never nourish or satisfy you, such as worldly goods, or pleasures. Eat ye — That which is truly and solidly, and everlastingly good. In fatness — In this pleasant food of gospel — enjoyments.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 55:2

Why do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? (d) and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently to me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in (e) fatness.

(d) He reproves their ingratitude, who refuse those things that God offers willingly, and in the mean time spare neither cost nor labour to obtain those which are not profitable.

(e) You will be fed abundantly.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
do ye:

Isaiah 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Jeremiah 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, [and] hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.
Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Habakkuk 2:13 Behold, [is it] not of the LORD of hosts that the people shall labour in the very fire, and the people shall weary themselves for very vanity?
Matthew 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.
Luke 15:15-16 And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. ... And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
Romans 9:31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
Romans 10:2-3 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. ... For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
Philippians 3:4-7 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: ... But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.
Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

spend:
Heb. weigh,
Isaiah 46:6 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, [and] hire a goldsmith; and he maketh it a god: they fall down, yea, they worship.

Hearken:

Isaiah 51:1 Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock [whence] ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit [whence] ye are digged.
Isaiah 51:4 Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation: for a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people.
Isaiah 51:7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart [is] my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.
Exodus 15:26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I [am] the LORD that healeth thee.
Deuteronomy 11:13 And it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken diligently unto my commandments which I command you this day, to love the LORD your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul,
Psalms 34:11 Come, ye children, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD.
Proverbs 1:33 But whoso hearkeneth unto me shall dwell safely, and shall be quiet from fear of evil.
Proverbs 7:23 Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it [is] for his life.
Proverbs 8:32 Now therefore hearken unto me, O ye children: for blessed [are they that] keep my ways.
Mark 7:14 And when he had called all the people [unto him], he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one [of you], and understand:
Romans 10:17 So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

eat:

Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.
Psalms 22:26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
Psalms 36:8 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.
Psalms 63:5 My soul shall be satisfied as [with] marrow and fatness; and my mouth shall praise [thee] with joyful lips:
Proverbs 9:5 Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine [which] I have mingled.
Jeremiah 31:14 And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the LORD.
Matthew 22:4 Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and [my] fatlings [are] killed, and all things [are] ready: come unto the marriage.
Luke 15:23 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill [it]; and let us eat, and be merry:
John 6:48-58 I am that bread of life. ... This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:26. Dt 11:13. Ps 22:26; 34:11; 36:8; 63:5. Pv 1:33; 7:23; 8:32; 9:5. Is 25:6; 44:20; 46:6; 51:1, 4, 7. Jr 2:13; 31:14. Ho 8:7; 12:1. Hab 2:13. Mt 15:9; 22:4. Mk 7:14. Lk 15:15, 23. Jn 6:48. Ro 9:31; 10:2, 17. Php 3:4. He 13:9.

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