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Isaiah 53:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He was despised, and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and as one from whom men hide their face he was despised; and we esteemed him not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He was despised and forsaken of men, A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; And like one from whom men hide their face He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He is despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He is despised and left alone of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief, and like one from whom [men] hide their faces;—despised, and we esteemed him not.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Despised was he, and forsaken of men, Man of pains, and familiar with sickness,—Yea, like one from whom the face is hidden, Despised, and we esteemed him not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He is despised, and left of men, A man of pains, and acquainted with sickness, And as one hiding the face from us, He is despised, and we esteemed him not.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Despised, and the most abject of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with infirmity: and his look was as it were hidden and despised, whereupon we esteemed him not.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He is despised and reiected of men, a man ofsorrows, and acquainted with griefe: and we hid as it were our faces from him; hee was despised, and wee esteemed him not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But his form was ignoble, and inferior to that of the children of men; [he was] a man in suffering, and acquainted with the bearing of sickness, for his face is turned from [us]: he was dishonoured, and not esteemed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He is despised 959
{0959} Prime
בָּזָה
bazah
{baw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to disesteem.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
and rejected 2310
{2310} Prime
חָדֵל
chadel
{khaw-dale'}
From H2308; vacant, that is, ceasing or destitute.
of men; 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of sorrows, 4341
{4341} Prime
מַכְאֹב
mak'ob
{mak-obe'}
From H3510; anguish or (figuratively) affliction.
and acquainted 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
with grief: 2483
{2483} Prime
חֳלִי
choliy
{khol-ee'}
From H2470; malady, anxiety, calamity.
and we hid x4564
(4564) Complement
מַסְתֵּר
macter
{mas-tare'}
From H5641; properly a hider, that is, (abstractly) a hiding, that is, aversion.
as it were y4564
[4564] Standard
מַסְתֵּר
macter
{mas-tare'}
From H5641; properly a hider, that is, (abstractly) a hiding, that is, aversion.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
[our] faces 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him; he was despised, 959
{0959} Prime
בָּזָה
bazah
{baw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to disesteem.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
and we esteemed 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him not. x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 53:3

_ _ rejected — “forsaken of men” [Gesenius]. “Most abject of men.” Literally, “He who ceases from men,” that is, is no longer regarded as a man [Hengstenberg]. (See on Isaiah 52:14; Isaiah 49:7).

_ _ man of sorrows — that is, whose distinguishing characteristic was sorrows.

_ _ acquainted with — familiar by constant contact with.

_ _ grief — literally, “disease”; figuratively for all kinds of calamity (Jeremiah 6:14); leprosy especially represented this, being a direct judgment from God. It is remarkable Jesus is not mentioned as having ever suffered under sickness.

_ _ and we hid ... faces — rather, as one who causes men to hide their faces from Him (in aversion) [Maurer]. Or, “He was as an hiding of the face before it,” that is, as a thing before which a man covers his face in disgust [Hengstenberg]. Or, “as one before whom is the covering of the face”; before whom one covers the face in disgust [Gesenius].

_ _ we — the prophet identifying himself with the Jews. See Horsley’s view (see on Isaiah 53:1).

_ _ esteemed ... notnegative contempt; the previous words express positive.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 53:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 53:3

We hid — We scorned to look upon him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 53:3

He is despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with (e) grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

(e) Which was by God's singular providence for the comfort of sinners, (Hebrews 4:15).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
despised:

Isaiah 49:7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, [and] his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, [and] the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.
Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Psalms 22:6-8 But I [am] a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. ... He trusted on the LORD [that] he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
Psalms 69:10-12 When I wept, [and chastened] my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. ... They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I [was] the song of the drunkards.
Psalms 69:19-20 Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour: mine adversaries [are] all before thee. ... Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked [for some] to take pity, but [there was] none; and for comforters, but I found none.
Micah 5:1 Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.
Zechariah 11:8 Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.
Zechariah 11:12-13 And I said unto them, If ye think good, give [me] my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty [pieces] of silver. ... And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty [pieces] of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.
Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote [him] with the palms of their hands,
Matthew 27:39-44 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, ... The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
Matthew 27:63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.
Mark 9:12 And he answered and told them, Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things; and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things, and be set at nought.
Mark 15:19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing [their] knees worshipped him.
Luke 8:53 And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
Luke 9:22 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day.
Luke 16:14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: and they derided him.
Luke 23:18-25 And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this [man], and release unto us Barabbas: ... And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will.
John 8:48 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?
Hebrews 12:2-3 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. ... For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.

a man:

Isaiah 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Psalms 69:29 But I [am] poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high.
Matthew 26:37-38 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. ... Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.
Mark 14:34 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
Luke 19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
John 11:35 Jesus wept.
Hebrews 2:15-18 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. ... For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.
Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;

we hid as it were our faces from him:
or, he hid as it were, his face from us. Heb. as a hiding of faces from him or from us. we esteemed.
Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Zechariah 11:13 And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty [pieces] of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.
Matthew 27:9-10 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value; ... And gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord appointed me.
John 1:10-11 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. ... He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
Acts 3:13-15 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let [him] go. ... And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:15. Ps 22:6; 69:10, 19, 29. Is 49:7; 50:6; 53:4, 10. Mi 5:1. Zc 11:8, 12, 13. Mt 26:37, 67; 27:9, 39, 63. Mk 9:12; 14:34; 15:19. Lk 8:53; 9:22; 16:14; 19:41; 23:18. Jn 1:10; 8:48; 11:35. Ac 3:13. He 2:15; 4:15; 5:7; 12:2.

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