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Isaiah 53:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by the knowledge of himself shall my righteous servant justify many; and he shall bear their iniquities.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As a result of the anguish of His soul, He will see [it and] be satisfied; By His knowledge the Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, As He will bear their iniquities.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He shall see of [the fruit of] the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant instruct many in righteousness; and *he* shall bear their iniquities.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Of the travail of his soul, shall he see, He shall be satisfied with his knowledge, A setting right, when set right himself, shall my Servant win for the Many, Since, of their iniquities, he, taketh the burden.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Of the labour of his soul he seeth—he is satisfied, Through his knowledge give righteousness Doth the righteous one, My servant, to many, And their iniquities he doth bear.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because his soul hath laboured, he shall see and be filled: by his knowledge shall this my just servant justify many, and he shall bear their iniquities.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He shall see of the trauell of his soule, [and] shalbe satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous seruant iustifie many: for hee shall beare their iniquities.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— the Lord also is pleased to take away from the travail of his soul, to shew him light, and to form [him] with understanding; to justify the just one who serves many well; and he shall bear their sins.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He shall see 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of the travail 5999
{5999} Prime
עָמָל
`amal
{aw-mawl'}
From H5998; toil, that is, wearing effort; hence worry, whether of body or mind.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of his soul, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
[and] shall be satisfied: 7646
{7646} Prime
שָׂבַע
saba`
{saw-bah'}
A primitive root; to sate, that is, fill to satisfaction (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
by his knowledge 1847
{1847} Prime
דַּעַת
da`ath
{dah'-ath}
From H3045; knowledge.
shall my righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
servant 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
justify 6663
{6663} Prime
צָדַק
tsadaq
{tsaw-dak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) right (in a moral or forensic sense).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
many; 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
for he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
shall bear 5445
{5445} Prime
סָבַל
cabal
{saw-bal'}
A primitive root; to carry (literally or figuratively), or (reflexively) be burdensome; specifically to be gravid.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their iniquities. 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 53:11

_ _ Jehovah is still speaking.

_ _ see of the travail — He shall see such blessed fruits resulting from His sufferings as amply to repay Him for them (Isaiah 49:4, Isaiah 49:5; Isaiah 50:5, Isaiah 50:9). The “satisfaction,” in seeing the full fruit of His travail of soul in the conversion of Israel and the world, is to be realized in the last days (Isaiah 2:2-4).

_ _ his knowledge — rather, the knowledge (experimentally) of Him (John 17:3; Philippians 3:10).

_ _ my ... servant — Messiah (Isaiah 42:1; Isaiah 52:13).

_ _ righteous — the ground on which He justifies others, His own righteousness (1 John 2:1).

_ _ justify — treat as if righteous; forensically; on the ground of His meritorious suffering, not their righteousness.

_ _ bear ... iniquities — (Isaiah 53:4, Isaiah 53:5), as the sinner’s substitute.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 53:10-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 53:11

Shall see — He shall enjoy. The travel — The blessed fruit of all his labours, and sufferings. Satisfied — He shall esteem his own and his father's glory, and the salvation of his people, an abundant recompence. By his knowledge — By the knowledge of him. Justify — Acquit them from the guilt of their sins, and all the dreadful consequences thereof. And Christ is said to justify sinners meritoriously, because he purchases and procures it for us. Many — An innumerable company of all nations. For — For he shall satisfy the justice of God, by bearing the punishment due to their sins.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 53:11

He shall see of the (p) travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my (q) righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

(p) That is, the fruit and effect of his labour, which is the salvation of his Church.

(q) Christ will justify by faith through his word, while Moses could not justify by the law.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
see:

Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
John 12:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.
John 12:27-32 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. ... And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me.
John 16:21 A woman when she is in travail hath sorrow, because her hour is come: but as soon as she is delivered of the child, she remembereth no more the anguish, for joy that a man is born into the world.
Galatians 4:19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Revelation 5:9-10 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; ... And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
Revelation 7:9-17 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

by his:

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Philippians 3:8-10 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ, ... That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
2 Peter 1:2-3 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, ... According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
, my righteousness,
Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, [in whom] my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Isaiah 49:3 And said unto me, Thou [art] my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
1 John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
2 John 1:1 The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;
2 John 1:3 Grace be with you, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love.

justify:

Isaiah 45:25 In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
Romans 3:22-24 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: ... Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
Romans 4:24-25 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; ... Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
Romans 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
Romans 5:18-19 Therefore as by the offence of one [judgment came] upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one [the free gift came] upon all men unto justification of life. ... For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Titus 3:6-7 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

bear:

Isaiah 53:4-6 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. ... All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.
1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 42:1; 45:25; 49:3; 53:4, 8, 12. Mt 20:28. Lk 22:44. Jn 12:24, 27; 16:21; 17:3. Ro 3:22; 4:24; 5:1, 9, 18. 1Co 6:11. 2Co 4:6. Ga 4:19. Php 3:8. Tit 3:6. He 9:28; 12:2. 1P 2:24; 3:18. 2P 1:2; 3:18. 1Jn 2:1. 2Jn 1:1, 3. Rv 5:9; 7:9.

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