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Isaiah 52:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Like as many were astonished at thee (his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men),
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Just as many were astonished at you, [My people], So His appearance was marred more than any man And His form more than the sons of men.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As many were astonished at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As many were astonished at thee—his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the children of men
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The more that Many, were amazed at thee, So marred, beyond any man's, was his appearance,—And his form, beyond the sons of men,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As astonished at thee have been many, (So marred by man his appearance, And his form by sons of men.)
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As many have been astonished at thee, so shall his visage be inglorious among men, and his form among the sons of men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As many were astonied at thee (his visage was so marred more then any man, and his forme more then the sonnes of men:)
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— As many shall be amazed at thee, so shall thy face be without glory from men, and thy glory [shall not be honoured] by the sons of men.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
many 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
were astonied 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
at x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thee; his visage 4758
{4758} Prime
מַרְאֶה
mar'eh
{mar-eh'}
From H7200; a view (the act of seeing); also an appearance (the thing seen), whether (real) a shape (especially if handsome, comeliness; often plural the looks), or (mental) a vision.
was so x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
marred 4893
{4893} Prime
מִשְׁחָת
mishchath
{mish-khawth'}
From H7843; disfigurement.
more than any man, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and his form 8389
{8389} Prime
תֹּאַר
to'ar
{to'-ar}
From H8388; outline, that is, figure or appearance.
more than the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of men: 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 52:14-15

_ _ Summary of Messiah’s history, which is set forth more in detail in the fifty-third chapter. “Just as many were astonished (accompanied with aversion, Jeremiah 18:16; Jeremiah 19:8), etc.; his visage, etc.; so shall He sprinkle,” etc.; Israel in this answers to its antitype Messiah, now “an astonishment and byword” (Deuteronomy 28:37), hereafter about to be a blessing and means of salvation to many nations (Isaiah 2:2, Isaiah 2:3; Micah 5:7).

_ _ thee; his — Such changes of persons are common in Hebrew poetry.

_ _ marredHebrew, “disfigurement”; abstract for concrete; not only disfigured, but disfigurement itself.

_ _ more than man — Castalio translates, “so that it was no longer that of a man” (compare Psalms 22:6). The more perfect we may suppose the “body prepared” (Hebrews 10:5) for Him by God, the sadder by contrast was the “marring” of His visage and form.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 52:13-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 52:14

Astonished — At his humiliation. Thee — At thee, O my servant. His form — Christ, in respect of his birth, breeding, and manner of life, was most obscure and contemptible. His countenance also was so marred with frequent watchings, and fastings, and troubles, that he was thought to be near fifty years old when he was but about thirty, John 8:57, and was farther spoiled with buffetings, and crowning with thorns, and other cruel and despiteful usages.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 52:14

As many were astonished at thee; his visage was so (o) marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:

(o) In the corrupt judgment of man, Christ in his person was not valued.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
many:

Psalms 71:7 I am as a wonder unto many; but thou [art] my strong refuge.
Matthew 7:28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine:
Matthew 22:22-23 When they had heard [these words], they marvelled, and left him, and went their way. ... The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him,
Matthew 27:14 And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.
Mark 5:42 And straightway the damsel arose, and walked; for she was [of the age] of twelve years. And they were astonished with a great astonishment.
Mark 6:51 And he went up unto them into the ship; and the wind ceased: and they were sore amazed in themselves beyond measure, and wondered.
Mark 7:37 And were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath done all things well: he maketh both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak.
Mark 10:26 And they were astonished out of measure, saying among themselves, Who then can be saved?
Mark 10:32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto him,
Luke 2:47 And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.
Luke 4:36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word [is] this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.
Luke 5:26 And they were all amazed, and they glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to day.

his visage:

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Isaiah 53:2-5 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him. ... But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
Psalms 22:6-7 But I [am] a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. ... All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, [saying],
Psalms 22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
Psalms 22:17 I may tell all my bones: they look [and] stare upon me.
Psalms 102:3-5 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth. ... By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin.
Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote [him] with the palms of their hands,
Matthew 27:29-30 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put [it] upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! ... And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.
Luke 22:64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 22:6, 15, 17; 71:7; 102:3. Is 50:6; 53:2. Mt 7:28; 22:22; 26:67; 27:14, 29. Mk 5:42; 6:51; 7:37; 10:26, 32. Lk 2:47; 4:36; 5:26; 22:64.

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