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Isaiah 51:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The captive exile shall speedily be loosed; and he shall not die [and go down] into the pit, neither shall his bread fail.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The captive exile hasteneth that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should fail.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The exile will soon be set free, and will not die in the dungeon, nor will his bread be lacking.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The captive exile hasteneth that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should fail.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that is bowed down shall speedily be loosed, and he shall not die in the pit, nor shall his bread fail.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The captive hath hastened, to be loosed,—That he might not die in the pit, Neither should, his bread, be cut off.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hastened hath a wanderer to be loosed, And he doth not die at the pit, And his bread is not lacking.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall quickly come that is going to open unto you, and he shall not kill unto utter destruction, neither shall his bread fail.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The captiue exile hasteneth that he may be loosed, and that hee should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should faile.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For in thy deliverance he shall not halt, nor tarry;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The captive exile hasteneth that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should fail.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The captive exile 6808
{6808} Prime
צָעָה
tsa`ah
{tsaw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tip over (for the purpose of spilling or pouring out), that is, (figuratively) depopulate; by implication to imprison or conquer; (reflexively) to lie down (for coition).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
hasteneth 4116
{4116} Prime
מָהַר
mahar
{maw-har'}
A primitive root; properly to be liquid or flow easily, that is, (by implication); to hurry (in a good or bad sense); often used (with another verb) adverbially promptly.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
that he may be loosed, 6605
{6605} Prime
פָּתַח
pathach
{paw-thakh'}
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
and that he should not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
die 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the pit, 7845
{7845} Prime
שַׁחַת
shachath
{shakh'-ath}
From H7743; a pit (especially as a trap); figuratively destruction.
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
that his bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
should fail. 2637
{2637} Prime
חָסֵר
chacer
{khaw-sare'}
A primitive root; to lack; by implication to fail, want, lessen.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 51:14

_ _ captive exile — literally, one bowed down as a captive (Isaiah 10:4) [Maurer]. The scene is primarily Babylon, and the time near the close of the captivity. Secondarily, and antitypically, the mystical Babylon, the last enemy of Israel and the Church, in which they have long suffered, but from which they are to be gloriously delivered.

_ _ pit — such as were many of the ancient dungeons (compare Jeremiah 38:6, Jeremiah 38:11, Jeremiah 38:13; Genesis 37:20).

_ _ nor ... bread ... fail — (Isaiah 33:16; Jeremiah 37:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 51:9-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 51:14

The captive exile (m) hasteneth that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should fail.

(m) He comforts them by the short time of their banishment: for in seventy years they were restored and the greatest empire of the world destroyed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
captive:

Isaiah 48:20 Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it [even] to the end of the earth; say ye, The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.
Isaiah 52:2 Shake thyself from the dust; arise, [and] sit down, O Jerusalem: loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
Ezra 1:5 Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all [them] whose spirit God had raised, to go up to build the house of the LORD which [is] in Jerusalem.
Acts 12:7-8 And, behold, the angel of the Lord came upon [him], and a light shined in the prison: and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly. And his chains fell off from [his] hands. ... And the angel said unto him, Gird thyself, and bind on thy sandals. And so he did. And he saith unto him, Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me.

die:

Jeremiah 37:16 When Jeremiah was entered into the dungeon, and into the cabins, and Jeremiah had remained there many days;
Jeremiah 38:6-13 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that [was] in the court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon [there was] no water, but mire: so Jeremiah sunk in the mire. ... So they drew up Jeremiah with cords, and took him up out of the dungeon: and Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.
Lamentations 3:53-54 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone upon me. ... Waters flowed over mine head; [then] I said, I am cut off.
Zechariah 9:11 As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein [is] no water.
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Ezr 1:5. Is 48:20; 52:2. Jr 37:16; 38:6. Lm 3:53. Zc 9:11. Ac 12:7.

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