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Isaiah 51:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek Jehovah: look unto the rock whence ye were hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye were digged.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock [whence] ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit [whence] ye are digged.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness, Who seek the LORD: Look to the rock from which you were hewn And to the quarry from which you were dug.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look to the rock [whence] ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit [whence] ye are digged.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hearken unto me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek Jehovah: look unto the rock [whence] ye were hewn, and to the hole of the pit [whence] ye were digged.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hearken unto me, Ye that pursue righteousness, Ye that seek Yahweh,—Look well unto the rock whence ye were hewn, And unto the quarry whence ye were digged:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hearken unto Me, ye pursuing righteousness, Seeking Jehovah, Look attentively unto the rock—ye have been hewn, And unto the hole of the pit—ye have been digged.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Give ear to me, you that follow that which is just, and you that seek the Lord: look unto the rock whence you are hewn, and to the hole of the pit from which you are dug out.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousnesse, ye that seeke the LORD: looke vnto the rocke [whence] yee are hewen, and to the hole of the pitte [whence] ye are digged.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, and seek the Lord: look to the solid rock, which ye have hewn, and to the hole of the pit which ye have dug.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek Yahweh: look unto the rock [whence] ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit [whence] ye are digged.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hearken 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me, ye that follow after 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
righteousness, 6664
{6664} Prime
צֶדֶק
tsedeq
{tseh'-dek}
From H6663; the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity.
ye that seek 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
look 5027
{5027} Prime
נָבַט
nabat
{naw-bat'}
A primitive root; to scan, that is, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, favor or care.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the rock 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
[whence] ye are hewn, 2672
{2672} Prime
חָצַב
chatsab
{khaw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to cut or carve (wood, stone or other material); by implication to hew, split, square, quarry, engrave.
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
and to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the hole 4718
{4718} Prime
מַקֶּבֶת
maqqebeth
{mak-keh'-beth}
From H5344; properly a perforator, that is, a hammer (as piercing); also (intransitively) a perforation, that is, a quarry.
of the pit 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
[whence] ye are digged. 5365
{5365} Prime
נָקַר
naqar
{naw-kar'}
A primitive root; to bore (penetrate, quarry).
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 51:1

_ _ Isaiah 51:1-23. Encouragement to the faithful remnant of Israel to trust in God for deliverance, both from their long Babylonian exile, and from their present dispersion.

_ _ me — the God of your fathers.

_ _ ye ... follow after righteousness — the godly portion of the nation; Isaiah 51:7 shows this (Proverbs 15:9; 1 Timothy 6:11). “Ye follow righteousness,” seek it therefore from Me, who “bring it near,” and that a righteousness “not about to be abolished” (Isaiah 51:6, Isaiah 51:7); look to Abraham, your father (Isaiah 51:2), as a sample of how righteousness before Me is to be obtained; I, the same God who blessed him, will bless you at last (Isaiah 51:3); therefore trust in Me, and fear not man’s opposition (Isaiah 51:7, Isaiah 51:8, Isaiah 51:12, Isaiah 51:13). The mistake of the Jews, heretofore, has been, not in that they “followed after righteousness,” but in that they followed it “by the works of the law,” instead of “by faith,” as Abraham did (Romans 9:31, Romans 9:32; Romans 10:3, Romans 10:4; Romans 4:2-5).

_ _ hole of ... pit — The idea is not, as it is often quoted, the inculcation of humility, by reminding men of the fallen state from which they have been taken, but that as Abraham, the quarry, as it were (compare Isaiah 48:1), whence their nation was hewn, had been called out of a strange land to the inheritance of Canaan, and blessed by God, the same God is able to deliver and restore them also (compare Matthew 3:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Isaiah 51:1-3

_ _ Observe, 1. How the people of God are here described, to whom the word of this consolation is sent and who are called upon to hearken to it, Isaiah 51:1. They are such as follow after righteousness, such as are very desirous and solicitous both to be justified and to be sanctified, are pressing hard after this, to have the favour of God restored to them and the image of God renewed on them. These are those that seek the Lord, for it is only in the say of righteousness that we can seek him with any hope of finding him. 2. How they are here directed to look back to their original, and the smallness of their beginning: “Look unto the rock whence you were hewn” (the idolatrous family in Ur of the Chaldees, out of which Abraham was taken, the generation of slaves which the heads and fathers of their tribes were in Egypt); “look unto the hole of the pit out of which you were digged, as clay, when God formed you into a people.” Note, It is good for those that are privileged by a new birth to consider what they were by their first birth, how they were conceived in iniquity and shapen in sin. That which is born of the flesh is flesh. How hard was that rock out of which we were hewn, unapt to receive impressions, and how miserable the hole of that pit out of which we were digged! The consideration of this should fill us with low thoughts of ourselves and high thoughts of divine grace. Those that are now advanced would do well to remember how low they began (Isaiah 51:2): “Look unto Abraham your father, the father of all the faithful, of all that follow after the righteousness of faith as he did (Romans 4:11), and unto Sarah that bore you, and whose daughters you all are as long as you do well. Think how Abraham was called alone, and yet was blessed and multiplied; and let that encourage you to depend upon the promise of God even when a sentence of death seems to be upon all the means that lead to the performance of it. Particularly let it encourage the captives in Babylon, though they are reduced to a small number, and few of them left, to hope that yet they shall increase so as to replenish their own land again.” When Jacob is very small, yet he is not so small as Abraham was, who yet became father of many nations. “Look unto Abraham, and see what he got by trusting in the promise of God, and take example by him to follow God with an implicit faith.” 3. How they are here assured that their present seedness of tears should at length end in a harvest of joys, Isaiah 51:3. The church of God on earth, even the gospel Zion, has sometimes had her deserts and waste places, many parts of the church, through either corruption or persecution, made like a wilderness, unfruitful to God or uncomfortable to the inhabitants; but God will find out a time and way to comfort Zion, not only by speaking comfortably to her, but by acting graciously for her. God has comforts in store even for the waste places of his church, for those parts of it that seem not regarded or valued. (1.) He will make them fruitful, and so give them cause to rejoice; her wildernesses shall put on a new face, and look pleasant as Eden, and abound in all good fruits, as the garden of the Lord. Note, It is the greatest comfort of the church to be made serviceable to the glory of God, and to be as his garden in which he delights. (2.) He will make them cheerful, and so give them hearts to rejoice. With the fruits of righteousness, joy and gladness shall be found therein; for the more holiness men have, and the more good they do, the more gladness they have. And where there is gladness, to their satisfaction, it is fit that there should be thanksgiving, to God's honour; for whatever is the matter of our rejoicing ought to be the matter of our thanksgiving; and the returns of God's favour ought to be celebrated with the voice of melody, which will be the more melodious when God gives songs in the night, songs in the desert.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 51:1

Look — Consider the state of Abraham and Sarah, from whom all of you sprang.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 51:1

Hearken to me, (a) ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look to the (b) rock [from which] ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit [from which] ye were dug.

(a) He comforts the Church, that they would not be discouraged for their small number.

(b) That is, to Abraham, of whom you were begotten, and to Sarah of whom we were born.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hearken:

Isaiah 51:4 Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation: for a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people.
Isaiah 51:7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart [is] my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.
Isaiah 46:3-4 Hearken unto me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, which are borne [by me] from the belly, which are carried from the womb: ... And [even] to [your] old age I [am] he; and [even] to hoar hairs will I carry [you]: I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry, and will deliver [you].
Isaiah 48:12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I [am] he; I [am] the first, I also [am] the last.
Isaiah 55:2-3 Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness. ... Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.

ye that follow:

Isaiah 51:7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart [is] my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.
Psalms 94:15 But judgment shall return unto righteousness: and all the upright in heart shall follow it.
Proverbs 15:9 The way of the wicked [is] an abomination unto the LORD: but he loveth him that followeth after righteousness.
Proverbs 21:21 He that followeth after righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness, and honour.
Matthew 5:6 Blessed [are] they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Romans 9:30-32 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. ... Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Romans 14:19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.
Philippians 3:13 Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but [this] one thing [I do], forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before,
1 Timothy 6:11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
Hebrews 12:14 Follow peace with all [men], and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:

ye that seek:

Isaiah 45:19 I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
Isaiah 55:6 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:
Psalms 24:6 This [is] the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah.
Psalms 105:3-4 Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD. ... Seek the LORD, and his strength: seek his face evermore.
Amos 5:6 Seek the LORD, and ye shall live; lest he break out like fire in the house of Joseph, and devour [it], and [there be] none to quench [it] in Bethel.
Zephaniah 2:3 Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.

look:

Genesis 17:15-17 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah [shall] her name [be]. ... Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall [a child] be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?
Ephesians 2:11-12 Wherefore remember, that ye [being] in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; ... That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 17:15. Ps 24:6; 94:15; 105:3. Pv 15:9; 21:21. Is 45:19; 46:3; 48:12; 51:4, 7; 55:2, 6. Am 5:6. Zp 2:3. Mt 5:6; 6:33. Ro 9:30; 14:19. Ep 2:11. Php 3:13. 1Ti 6:11. 2Ti 2:22. He 12:14.

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