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Isaiah 50:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I gave My back to those who strike [Me], And My cheeks to those who pluck out the beard; I did not cover My face from humiliation and spitting.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I gave my back to smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— My back, gave I to smiters, and, My cheeks, to them who pulled out the beard,—My face, hid I not, from insult and spitting.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— My back I have given to those smiting, And my cheeks to those plucking out, My face I hid not from shame and spitting.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I have given my body to the strikers, and my cheeks to them that plucked them: I have not turned away my face from them that rebuked me, and spit upon me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I gaue my backe to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the haire: I hidde not my face from shame and spitting.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I gave my back to scourges, and my cheeks to blows; and I turned not away my face from the shame of spitting:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
my back 1460
{1460} Prime
גֵּו
gev
{gave}
From H1342 (corresponding to H1354); the back; by analogy the middle.
to the smiters, 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
and my cheeks 3895
{3895} Prime
לְחִי
l@chiy
{lekh-ee'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the cheek (from its fleshiness); hence the jaw bone.
to them that plucked off y4803
[4803] Standard
מָרַט
marat
{maw-rat'}
A primitive root; to polish; by implication to make bald (the head), to gall (the shoulder); also, to sharpen.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the hair: x4803
(4803) Complement
מָרַט
marat
{maw-rat'}
A primitive root; to polish; by implication to make bald (the head), to gall (the shoulder); also, to sharpen.
I hid 5641
{5641} Prime
סָתַר
cathar
{saw-thar'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
my face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
from shame 3639
{3639} Prime
כְּלִמָּה
k@limmah
{kel-im-maw'}
From H3637; disgrace.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and spitting. 7536
{7536} Prime
רֹק
roq
{roke}
From H7556; spittle.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 50:6

_ _ smiters — with scourges and with the open hand (Isaiah 52:14; Mark 14:65). Literally fulfilled (Matthew 27:26; Matthew 26:27; Luke 18:33). To “pluck the hair” is the highest insult that can be offered an Oriental (2 Samuel 10:4; Lamentations 3:30). “I gave” implies the voluntary nature of His sufferings; His example corresponds to His precept (Matthew 5:39).

_ _ spitting — To spit in another’s presence is an insult in the East, much more on one; most of all in the face (Job 30:10; Matthew 27:30; Luke 18:32).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 50:4-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 50:6

I gave — I patiently yielded up myself to those who smote me.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 50:6

I gave my back to the (k) smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

(k) I did not shrink from God for any persecution or calamity. By which he shows that the true ministers of God can look for no other recompense of the wicked, but after this sort, and also that is their comfort.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gave:

Lamentations 3:30 He giveth [his] cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach.
Micah 5:1 Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.
Matthew 5:39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote [him] with the palms of their hands,
Matthew 27:26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered [him] to be crucified.
Mark 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
Mark 15:19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing [their] knees worshipped him.
Luke 22:63-64 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote [him]. ... And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?
John 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

my cheeks:
The eastern people always held the beard in great veneration; and to pluck a man's beard is one of the grossest indignities that can be offered. D'Arvieux gives a remarkable instance of an Arab, who, having received a wound in his jaw, chose to hazard his life rather than suffer the surgeon to cut off his beard. See note on
2 Samuel 10:4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, [even] to their buttocks, and sent them away.
.

that plucked:

Nehemiah 13:25 And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, [saying], Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves.

I hid:
Another instance of the utmost contempt and detestation. Throughout the East it is highly offensive to spit in any one's presence; and if this is such an indignity, how much more spitting in the face?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 10:4. Ne 13:25. Lm 3:30. Mi 5:1. Mt 5:39; 26:67; 27:26. Mk 14:65; 15:19. Lk 22:63. Jn 18:22. He 12:2.

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