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Isaiah 50:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that gird yourselves about with firebrands; walk ye in the flame of your fire, and among the brands that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of my hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass [yourselves] about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks [that] ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Behold, all you who kindle a fire, Who encircle yourselves with firebrands, Walk in the light of your fire And among the brands you have set ablaze. This you will have from My hand: You will lie down in torment.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that encompass [yourselves] with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks [that] ye have kindled. This shall ye have of my hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass yourselves about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and among the sparks [that] ye have kindled. This shall ye have of my hand: ye shall lie down in sorrow.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! all ye that kindle a fire, That gird yourselves with fiery darts,—Walk ye in the blaze of your own fire, And in the fiery darts ye have kindled, At my hand, hath this befallen you, In sorrow, shall ye lie down.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, all ye kindling a fire, girding on sparks, Walk ye in the light of your fire, And in the sparks ye have caused to burn, From my hand hath this been to you, In grief ye lie down!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold all you that kindle a fire, encompassed with flames, walk in the light of your fire, and in the flames which you have kindled: this is done to you by my hand, you shall sleep in sorrows.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compasse [your selues] about with sparks: walke in the light of your fire, and in the sparkes [that] ye haue kindled. This shall ye haue of mine hand, yee shall lie downe in sorrow.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Behold, ye all kindle a fire, and feed a flame: walk in the light of your fire, and in the flame which ye have kindled. This has happened to you for my sake; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass [yourselves] about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks [that] ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2005
(2005) Complement
הֵן
hen
{hane}
A primitive particle; lo! also (as expressing surprise) if.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
ye that kindle 6919
{6919} Prime
קָדַח
qadach
{kaw-dakh'}
A primitive root to inflame.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
a fire, 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
that compass [yourselves] about 247
{0247} Prime
אָזַר
'azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to belt.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
with sparks: 2131
{2131} Prime
זִיקָה
ziyqah
{zee-kaw'}
From H2187; properly what leaps forth, that is, flash of fire, or a burning arrow; also (from the original sense of the root) a bond.
walk y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
in the light 217
{0217} Prime
אוּר
'uwr
{ore}
From H0215; flame, hence (in the plural) the East (as being the region of light).
of your fire, 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
and in the sparks 2131
{2131} Prime
זִיקָה
ziyqah
{zee-kaw'}
From H2187; properly what leaps forth, that is, flash of fire, or a burning arrow; also (from the original sense of the root) a bond.
[that] ye have kindled. 1197
{1197} Prime
בָּעַר
ba`ar
{baw-ar'}
A primitive root; to kindle, that is, consume (by fire or by eating); also (as denominative from H1198) to be (become) brutish.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
This x2063
(2063) Complement
זֹאת
zo'th
{zothe'}
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
shall ye have x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
of mine hand; 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
ye shall lie down 7901
{7901} Prime
שָׁכַב
shakab
{shaw-kab'}
A primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in sorrow. 4620
{4620} Prime
מַעֲצֵבָה
ma`atsebah
{mah-ats-ay-baw'}
From H6087; anguish.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 50:11

_ _ In contrast to the godly (Isaiah 50:10), the wicked, in times of darkness, instead of trusting in God, trust in themselves (kindle a light for themselves to walk by) (Ecclesiastes 11:9). The image is continued from Isaiah 50:10, “darkness”; human devices for salvation (Proverbs 19:21; Proverbs 16:9, Proverbs 16:25) are like the spark that goes out in an instant in darkness (compare Job 18:6; Job 21:17, with Psalms 18:28).

_ _ sparks — not a steady light, but blazing sparks extinguished in a moment.

_ _ walk — not a command, but implying that as surely as they would do so, they should lie down in sorrow (Jeremiah 3:25). In exact proportion to mystic Babylon’s previous “glorifying” of herself shall be her sorrow (Matthew 25:30; Matthew 8:12; Revelation 18:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 50:10-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 50:11

All ye — You that reject the light which God hath set up, and seek for comfort and safety, by your own inventions. Walk — Use your utmost endeavours to get comfort from these devices. This — This shall be the fruit of all, you shall receive nothing but vexation and misery.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 50:11

Behold, all ye that kindle (m) a fire, that surround [yourselves] with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks [that] ye have kindled. This shall ye have of my hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.

(m) You have sought consolation by your own devises, and have refused the light and consolation which God has offered: therefore you will remain in sorrow and not be comforted.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all ye:

Isaiah 28:15-20 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves: ... For the bed is shorter than that [a man] can stretch himself [on it]: and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself [in it].
Isaiah 30:15-16 For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not. ... But ye said, No; for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift.
Isaiah 55:2 Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Psalms 20:7-8 Some [trust] in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember the name of the LORD our God. ... They are brought down and fallen: but we are risen, and stand upright.
Jeremiah 17:5-7 Thus saith the LORD; Cursed [be] the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the LORD. ... Blessed [is] the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is.
Jonah 2:8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.
Matthew 15:6-8 And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. ... This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with [their] lips; but their heart is far from me.
Romans 1:21-22 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. ... Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

walk:

Exodus 11:9-10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt. ... And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
Ezekiel 20:39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD; Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter [also], if ye will not hearken unto me: but pollute ye my holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols.
Amos 4:4-5 Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three years: ... And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim [and] publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.

This shall:

John 9:39 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind.

ye shall:

Isaiah 8:22 And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and [they shall be] driven to darkness.
Isaiah 65:13-16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed: ... That he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.
Psalms 16:4 Their sorrows shall be multiplied [that] hasten [after] another [god]: their drink offerings of blood will I not offer, nor take up their names into my lips.
Psalms 32:10 Many sorrows [shall be] to the wicked: but he that trusteth in the LORD, mercy shall compass him about.
Matthew 8:12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 22:13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast [him] into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
John 8:24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am [he], ye shall die in your sins.
2 Thessalonians 1:8-9 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: ... Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
Revelation 20:15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 11:9. Ps 16:4; 20:7; 32:10. Is 8:22; 28:15; 30:15; 55:2; 65:13. Jr 17:5. Ezk 20:39. Am 4:4. Jna 2:8. Mt 8:12; 15:6; 22:13. Jn 8:24; 9:39. Ro 1:21; 10:3. 2Th 1:8. Rv 19:20; 20:15.

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