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Isaiah 5:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the vineyard of Jehovah of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for justice, but, behold, oppression; for righteousness, but, behold, a cry.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel And the men of Judah His delightful plant. Thus He looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; For righteousness, but behold, a cry of distress.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the vineyard of Jehovah of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah the plant of his delight: and he looked for justice, and behold, blood-shedding; for righteousness, and behold, a cry.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Surely, the vineyard of Yahweh of hosts, is the house of Israel, And, the men of Judah, are the plantation in which he dearly delighted,—And he waited, For, equity, but lo! murderous iniquity, For the rule of right, but lo! the cry of the wronged.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because the vineyard of Jehovah of Hosts [Is] the house of Israel, And the man of Judah His pleasant plant, And He waiteth for judgment, and lo, oppression, For righteousness, and lo, a cry.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel: and the man of Juda, his pleasant plant: and I looked that he should do judgment, and behold iniquity: and do justice, and behold a cry.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the Uineyard of the LORD of hostes [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Iudah his pleasant plant: and he looked for iudgement, but beholde oppression; for righteousnesse, but behold a crie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah{gr.Juda} [his] beloved plant: I expected [it] to bring forth judgement, and it brought forth iniquity; and not righteousness, but a cry.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For the vineyard of Yahweh Tzevaoth [is] the house of Yisrael, and the men of Yehudah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the vineyard 3754
{3754} Prime
כֶּרֶם
kerem
{keh'-rem}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a garden or vineyard.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
[is] the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and the men 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
his pleasant 8191
{8191} Prime
שַׁעֲשֻׁעַ
sha`shua`
{shah-shoo'-ah}
From H8173; enjoyment.
plant: 5194
{5194} Prime
נֶטַע
neta`
{neh'-tah}
From H5193; a plant; collectively, a plantation; abstractly, a planting.
and he looked 6960
{6960} Prime
קָוָה
qavah
{kaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; to bind together (perhaps by twisting), that is, collect; (figuratively) to expect.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
for judgment, 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
but behold x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
oppression; 4939
{4939} Prime
מִשְׂפָּח
mispach
{mis-pawkh'}
From H5596; slaughter.
for righteousness, 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
but behold x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
a cry. 6818
{6818} Prime
צְעָקָה
tsa`aqah
{tsah-ak-aw'}
From H6817; a shriek.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:7

_ _ Isaiah here applies the parable. It is no mere human owner, nor a literal vineyard that is meant.

_ _ vineyard of the Lord — His only one (Exodus 19:5; Amos 3:2).

_ _ pleasant — “the plant of his delight”; just as the husbandman was at pains to select the sorek, or “choicest vine” (Isaiah 5:2); so God’s election of the Jews.

_ _ judgment — justice. The play upon words is striking in the Hebrew, He looked for mishpat, but behold mispat (“bloodshed”); for tsedaqua, but behold tseaqua (the cry that attends anarchy, covetousness, and dissipation, Isaiah 5:8, Isaiah 5:11, Isaiah 5:12; compare the cry of the rabble by which justice was overborne in the case of Jesus Christ, Matthew 27:23, Matthew 27:24).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:7

Pleasant — In whom God formerly delighted. A cry — From the oppressed, crying to men for help, and to God for vengeance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 5:7

For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for (h) judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold (i) a cry.

(h) Judgment and righteousness are true fruit of the fear of God and therefore in the cruel oppression there is no religion.

(i) Of them who are oppressed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the vineyard:

Psalms 80:8-11 Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it. ... She sent out her boughs unto the sea, and her branches unto the river.
Psalms 80:15 And the vineyard which thy right hand hath planted, and the branch [that] thou madest strong for thyself.
Jeremiah 12:10 Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot, they have made my pleasant portion a desolate wilderness.

his pleasant plant:
Heb. plant of his pleasures,
Isaiah 62:5 For [as] a young man marrieth a virgin, [so] shall thy sons marry thee: and [as] the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, [so] shall thy God rejoice over thee.
Psalms 147:11 The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
Psalms 149:4 For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation.
Song of Songs 7:6 How fair and how pleasant art thou, O love, for delights!
Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.

he looked:

Isaiah 5:2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
Isaiah 58:6-8 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? ... Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward.
Exodus 22:22-27 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. ... For that [is] his covering only, it [is] his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I [am] gracious.
Micah 6:8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what [is] good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?
Zechariah 7:9-14 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother: ... But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.
Matthew 3:8-10 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance: ... And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
Matthew 23:23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier [matters] of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
1 Corinthians 6:8-11 Nay, ye do wrong, and defraud, and that [your] brethren. ... And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
1 John 3:7-8 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. ... He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.

but:
The paronomasia, or play of words, is very remarkable here: he looked for mishpat "judgment," but behold mispach "oppression;" for tzedakah "justice," but behold tzedkah "a cry."

oppression:
Heb. a scab,
Isaiah 1:6 From the sole of the foot even unto the head [there is] no soundness in it; [but] wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.
Isaiah 3:17 Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts.

a cry:

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
Exodus 2:23-24 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. ... And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which [are] in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;
Exodus 22:21-24 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. ... And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
Exodus 22:27 For that [is] his covering only, it [is] his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I [am] gracious.
Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee.
Nehemiah 5:1-5 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brethren the Jews. ... Yet now our flesh [is] as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and [some] of our daughters are brought unto bondage [already]: neither [is it] in our power [to redeem them]; for other men have our lands and vineyards.
Job 31:38-39 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain; ... If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:
Job 34:28 So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto him, and he heareth the cry of the afflicted.
Proverbs 21:13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.
Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:10. Ex 2:23; 3:7; 22:21, 22, 27. Dt 15:9. Ne 5:1. Jb 31:38; 34:28. Ps 80:8, 15; 147:11; 149:4. Pv 21:13. So 7:6. Is 1:6; 3:17; 5:2; 58:6; 62:5. Jr 12:10. Mi 6:8. Zp 3:17. Zc 7:9. Mt 3:8; 23:23. Lk 18:7. Jn 15:2. 1Co 6:8. Jm 5:4. 1Jn 3:7.

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