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Isaiah 5:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and I will lay it waste; it shall not be pruned nor hoed; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I will lay it waste; It will not be pruned or hoed, But briars and thorns will come up. I will also charge the clouds to rain no rain on it.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and I will make it a waste—it shall not be pruned nor cultivated, but there shall come up briars and thorns; and I will command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And I will make it a waste;—It shall be neither pruned nor hoed, But there shall come up briars and thorns,—And, upon the clouds, will I lay a charge, That they rain thereon no rain.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I make it a waste, It is not pruned, nor arranged, And gone up have brier and thorn, And on the thick clouds I lay a charge, From raining upon it rain.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will make it desolate: it shall not be pruned, and it shall not be digged: but briers and thorns shall come up: and I will command the clouds to rain no rain upon it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I will lay it waste; it shall not be pruned, nor digged, but there shall come vp briars and thornes: I will also command the cloudes, that they raine no raine vpon it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will forsake my vineyard; and it shall not be pruned, nor dug, and thorns shall come up upon it as on barren land; and I will command the clouds to rain no rain upon it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I will lay 7896
{7896} Prime
שִׁית
shiyth
{sheeth}
A primitive root; to place (in a very wide application).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it waste: 1326
{1326} Prime
בָּתָה
bathah
{baw-thaw'}
Probably an orthographical variation for H1327; desolation.
it shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be pruned, y2168
[2168] Standard
זָמַר
zamar
{zaw-mar'}
A primitive root (compare H2167, H5568, H6785); to trim (a vine).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
x2167
(2167) Complement
זָמַר
zamar
{zaw-mar'}
A primitive root (perhaps identical with H2168 through the idea of striking with the fingers); properly to touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, that is, play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice; hence to celebrate in song and music.
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
digged; 5737
{5737} Prime
עָדַר
`adar
{aw-dar'}
A primitive root; to arrange, as a battle, a vineyard (to hoe); hence to muster, and so to miss (or find wanting).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
but there shall come up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
briers 8068
{8068} Prime
שָׁמִיר
shamiyr
{shaw-meer'}
From H8104 in the original sense of pricking; a thorn; also (from its keenness for scratching) a gem, probably the diamond.
and thorns: 7898
{7898} Prime
שַׁיִת
shayith
{shah'-yith}
From H7896; scrub or trash, that is, wild growth of weeds or briers (as if put on the field).
I will also command 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the clouds 5645
{5645} Prime
עָב
`ab
{awb}
Masculine and feminine; from H5743; properly an envelope, that is, darkness (or density, 2 Chronicles 4:17); specifically a (scud) cloud; also a copse.
that they rain y4305
[4305] Standard
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
no rain 4306
{4306} Prime
מָטָר
matar
{maw-tawr'}
From H4305; rain.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x4305
(4305) Complement
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:6

_ _ I will ... command — The parable is partly dropped and Jehovah, as in Isaiah 5:7, is implied to be the Owner: for He alone, not an ordinary husbandman (Matthew 21:43; Luke 17:22), could give such a “command.”

_ _ no rain — antitypically, the heaven-sent teachings of the prophets (Amos 8:11). Not accomplished in the Babylonish captivity; for Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Haggai, and Zechariah prophesied during or after it. But in gospel times.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:6

Nor digged — Vine — dressers use to dig up and open the earth about the roots of the vines. The meaning is, I will remove my ministers, who used great care and diligence to make you fruitful. Thorns — I will give you up to your own lusts. No rain — I will deprive you of all my blessings.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will lay:

Isaiah 5:9-10 In mine ears [said] the LORD of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, [even] great and fair, without inhabitant. ... Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.
Isaiah 6:11-12 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate, ... And the LORD have removed men far away, and [there be] a great forsaking in the midst of the land.
Isaiah 24:1-3 Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof. ... The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath spoken this word.
Isaiah 24:12 In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
Isaiah 32:13-14 Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns [and] briers; yea, upon all the houses of joy [in] the joyous city: ... Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left; the forts and towers shall be for dens for ever, a joy of wild asses, a pasture of flocks;
Leviticus 26:33-35 And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste. ... As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.
Deuteronomy 29:23 [And that] the whole land thereof [is] brimstone, and salt, [and] burning, [that] it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath:
2 Chronicles 36:19-21 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof. ... To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: [for] as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.
Jeremiah 25:11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, [and] an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
Jeremiah 45:4 Thus shalt thou say unto him, The LORD saith thus; Behold, [that] which I have built will I break down, and that which I have planted I will pluck up, even this whole land.
Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

it shall:

Isaiah 7:23-25 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall [even] be for briers and thorns. ... And [on] all hills that shall be digged with the mattock, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle.
Hosea 3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and [without] teraphim:

also:

Isaiah 30:23 Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.
Deuteronomy 28:23-24 And thy heaven that [is] over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee [shall be] iron. ... The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
Amos 4:7 And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
Zechariah 14:16-17 And it shall come to pass, [that] every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. ... And it shall be, [that] whoso will not come up of [all] the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.
Hebrews 6:6-8 If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame. ... But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
Revelation 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:33. Dt 28:23; 29:23. 2Ch 36:19. Is 5:9; 6:11; 7:23; 24:1, 12; 30:23; 32:13. Jr 25:11; 45:4. Ho 3:4. Am 4:7. Zc 14:16. Lk 21:24. He 6:6. Rv 11:6.

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