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Isaiah 5:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they shall roar against them in that day like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, behold, darkness [and] distress; and the light is darkened in the clouds thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And it will growl over it in that day like the roaring of the sea. If one looks to the land, behold, there is darkness [and] distress; Even the light is darkened by its clouds.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] looketh to the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in its heavens.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and they shall roar against them in that day like the roaring of the sea. And if one look upon the earth, behold darkness [and] distress, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yea he will growl at him, in that day, like the growling of the sea,—Though he look hard for the land, lo! the darkness of distress, Yea, the light, hath grown dark in its clouds!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it howleth against it in that day as the howling of a sea, And it hath looked attentively to the land, And lo, darkness—distress, And light hath been darkened by its abundance!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they shall make a noise against them that day, like the roaring of the sea; we shall look towards the land, and behold darkness of tribulation, and the light is darkened with the mist thereof.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in that day they shall roare against them, like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] looke vnto the land, behold darkenesse [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heauens therof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he shall roar on account of them in that day, as the sound of the swelling sea; and they shall look to the land, and, behold, [there shall be] thick darkness in their perplexity.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And in that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
they shall roar 5098
{5098} Prime
נָהַם
naham
{naw-ham'}
A primitive root; to growl.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them like the roaring 5100
{5100} Prime
נְהֲמָה
n@hamah
{neh-haw-maw'}
Feminine of H5099; snarling.
of the sea: 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
and if [one] look 5027
{5027} Prime
נָבַט
nabat
{naw-bat'}
A primitive root; to scan, that is, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, favor or care.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
unto the land, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
behold x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
darkness 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
[and] sorrow, 6862
{6862} Prime
צַר
tsar
{tsar}
From H6887; narrow; (as a noun) a tight place (usually figuratively, that is, trouble); also a pebble (as in H6864); (transitively) an opponent (as crowding).
and the light 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
is darkened 2821
{2821} Prime
חָשַׁךְ
chashak
{khaw-shak'}
A primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively to darken.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in the heavens 6183
{6183} Prime
עֲרִיף
`ariyph
{aw-reef'}
From H6201; the sky (as drooping at the horizon).
thereof.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:30

_ _ sorrow, and the light is darkened — Otherwise, distress and light (that is, hope and fear) alternately succeed (as usually occurs in an unsettled state of things), and darkness arises in, etc. [Maurer].

_ _ heavens — literally, “clouds,” that is, its sky is rather “clouds” than sky. Otherwise from a different Hebrew root, “in its destruction” or ruins. Horsley takes “sea ... look unto the land” as a new image taken from mariners in a coasting vessel (such as all ancient vessels were), looking for the nearest land, which the darkness of the storm conceals, so that darkness and distress alone may be said to be visible.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:18-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:30

Sorrow — Darkness; that is, sorrow; the latter word explains the former. The heavens — When they look up to the heavens, as men in distress usually do, they see no light there.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 5:30

And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if (k) [one] looketh to the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in its (l) heavens.

(k) The Jews will find no comfort.

(l) In the land of Judah.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
like:

Psalms 93:3-4 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves. ... The LORD on high [is] mightier than the noise of many waters, [yea, than] the mighty waves of the sea.
Jeremiah 6:23 They shall lay hold on bow and spear; they [are] cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth like the sea; and they ride upon horses, set in array as men for war against thee, O daughter of Zion.
Jeremiah 50:42 They shall hold the bow and the lance: they [are] cruel, and will not shew mercy: their voice shall roar like the sea, and they shall ride upon horses, [every one] put in array, like a man to the battle, against thee, O daughter of Babylon.
Luke 21:25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;

if one look:

Isaiah 8:22 And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and [they shall be] driven to darkness.
Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Exodus 10:21-23 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness [which] may be felt. ... They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
Jeremiah 4:23-28 I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light. ... For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black: because I have spoken [it], I have purposed [it], and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.
Lamentations 3:2 He hath led me, and brought [me into] darkness, but not [into] light.
Ezekiel 32:7-8 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. ... All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
Joel 2:10 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
Amos 8:9 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day:
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Luke 21:25-26 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; ... Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.
Revelation 6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;
Revelation 16:10-11 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, ... And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.

sorrow:
or, distress

and the light:
etc. or, when it is light, it shall be dark in the destructions thereof
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 10:21. Ps 93:3. Is 8:22; 13:10. Jr 4:23; 6:23; 50:42. Lm 3:2. Ezk 32:7. Jol 2:10. Am 8:9. Mt 24:29. Lk 21:25. Rv 6:12; 16:10.

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