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Isaiah 5:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent; their horses' hoofs shall be accounted as flint, and their wheels as a whirlwind:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whose arrows [are] sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Its arrows are sharp and all its bows are bent; The hoofs of its horses seem like flint and its [chariot] wheels like a whirlwind.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whose arrows [are] sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— their arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent; their horses' hoofs are reckoned as the flint, and their wheels as a whirlwind.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whose arrows, are sharpened, and, all his bows, bent,—The hoofs of his horses, like flint, are accounted, And, his wheels, [are] like a storm-wind:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whose arrows [are] sharp, and all its bows bent, Hoofs of its horses as flint have been reckoned, And its wheels as a hurricane!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Their arrows are sharp, and all their bows are bent. The hoofs of their horses shall be like the flint, and their wheels like the violence of a tempest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whose arrowes [are] sharpe, and all their bowes bent, their horses hoofs shall bee counted like flint, and their wheeles like a whirlewind.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Whose arrows are sharp, and their bows bent; their horses' hoofs are counted as solid rock: their chariot-wheels are as a storm.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Whose arrows [are] sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whose x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
arrows 2671
{2671} Prime
חֵץ
chets
{khayts}
From H2686; properly a piercer, that is, an arrow; by implication a wound; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt; (by interchange for H6086) the shaft of a spear.
[are] sharp, 8150
{8150} Prime
שָׁנַן
shanan
{shaw-nan'}
A primitive root; to point (transitively or intransitively); intensively to pierce; figuratively to inculcate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
their bows 7198
{7198} Prime
קֶשֶׁת
qesheth
{keh'-sheth}
From H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence figuratively strength) or the iris.
bent, 1869
{1869} Prime
דָּרַךְ
darak
{daw-rak'}
A primitive root; to tread; by implication to walk; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
their horses' 5483
{5483} Prime
סוּס
cuwc
{soos}
From an unused root meaning to skip (properly for joy); a horse (as leaping); also a swallow (from its rapid flight).
hoofs 6541
{6541} Prime
פַּרְסָה
parcah
{par-saw'}
Feminine of H6538; a claw or split hoof.
shall be counted 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
like flint, y6862
[6862] Standard
צַר
tsar
{tsar}
From H6887; narrow; (as a noun) a tight place (usually figuratively, that is, trouble); also a pebble (as in H6864); (transitively) an opponent (as crowding).
x6864
(6864) Complement
צֹר
tsor
{tsore}
From H6696; a stone (as if pressed hard or to a point); (by implication of use) a knife.
and their wheels 1534
{1534} Prime
גַּלְגַּל
galgal
{gal-gal'}
By reduplication from H1556; a wheel; by analogy a whirlwind; also dust (as whirled).
like a whirlwind: 5492
{5492} Prime
סוּפָה
cuwphah
{soo-faw'}
From H5486; a hurricane.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:28

_ _ bent — ready for battle.

_ _ hoofs ... flint — The ancients did not shoe their horses: hence the value of hard hoofs for long marches.

_ _ wheels — of their chariots. The Assyrian army abounded in cavalry and chariots (Isaiah 22:6, Isaiah 22:7; Isaiah 36:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:18-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:28

Bent — Who are every way furnished and ready for my work, waiting only for my command. Flint — Because they shall not be broken or battered by the length or stonyness and ruggedness of the way. Whirlwind — For the swiftness of their march, and for the force and violence of their chariots in battle.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
arrows:

Psalms 45:5 Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee.
Psalms 120:4 Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.
Jeremiah 5:16 Their quiver [is] as an open sepulchre, they [are] all mighty men.
Ezekiel 21:9-11 Son of man, prophesy, and say, Thus saith the LORD; Say, A sword, a sword is sharpened, and also furbished: ... And he hath given it to be furbished, that it may be handled: this sword is sharpened, and it is furbished, to give it into the hand of the slayer.

their horses':

Judges 5:22 Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.
Jeremiah 47:3 At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his strong [horses], at the rushing of his chariots, [and at] the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers shall not look back to [their] children for feebleness of hands;
Micah 4:13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.
Nahum 2:3-4 The shield of his mighty men is made red, the valiant men [are] in scarlet: the chariots [shall be] with flaming torches in the day of his preparation, and the fir trees shall be terribly shaken. ... The chariots shall rage in the streets, they shall justle one against another in the broad ways: they shall seem like torches, they shall run like the lightnings.
Nahum 3:2 The noise of a whip, and the noise of the rattling of the wheels, and of the pransing horses, and of the jumping chariots.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 5:22. Ps 45:5; 120:4. Jr 5:16; 47:3. Ezk 21:9. Mi 4:13. Na 2:3; 3:2.

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