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Isaiah 5:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe unto [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine And valiant men in mixing strong drink,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe unto them that are mighty for drinking wine, and men valiant to mix strong drink;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas! for them, Who are heroes, to drink wine,—And men of valour, to mingle strong drink,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Woe [to] the mighty to drink wine, And men of strength to mingle strong drink.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to you that are mighty to drink wine, and stout men at drunkenness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe [vnto them that are] mightie to drinke wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drinke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Woe to the strong [ones] of you that drink wine, and the mighty [ones] that mingle strong drink:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Woe unto [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
הוֹי
howy
{hoh'ee}
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
unto [them that are] mighty 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
to drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
wine, 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
and men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of strength 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
to mingle 4537
{4537} Prime
מסךְ
macak
{maw-sak'}
A primitive root; to mix, especially wine (with spices).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
strong drink: 7941
{7941} Prime
שֵׁכָר
shekar
{shay-kawr'}
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:22-23

_ _ Sixth Woe — against corrupt judges, who, “mighty” in drinking “wine” (a boast still not uncommon), if not in defending their country, obtain the means of self-indulgence by taking bribes (“reward”). The two verses are closely joined [Maurer].

_ _ mingle strong drink — not with water, but spices to make it intoxicating (Proverbs 9:2, Proverbs 9:5; Song of Songs 8:2).

_ _ take away the righteousness — set aside the just claims of those having a righteous cause.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:18-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:22

To mingle — To drink: the antecedent being put for the consequent: for they mingled it in order to drinking.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 5:22

Woe to [them that are] (c) mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mix strong drink:

(c) Who are never weary, but show their strength, and brag in gluttony and drunkenness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
mighty:

Isaiah 5:11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them!
Isaiah 28:1-3 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! ... The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:
Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Proverbs 23:19-20 Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way. ... Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh:
Habakkuk 2:15 Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to [him], and makest [him] drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness!
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Pv 23:19. Is 5:11; 28:1, 7. Hab 2:15.

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