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Isaiah 5:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe unto [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine And valiant men in mixing strong drink,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe unto them that are mighty for drinking wine, and men valiant to mix strong drink;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas! for them, Who are heroes, to drink wine,—And men of valour, to mingle strong drink,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Woe [to] the mighty to drink wine, And men of strength to mingle strong drink.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to you that are mighty to drink wine, and stout men at drunkenness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe [vnto them that are] mightie to drinke wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drinke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Woe to the strong [ones] of you that drink wine, and the mighty [ones] that mingle strong drink:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Woe unto [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
unto [them that are] mighty 1368
{1368} Prime
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
to drink 8354
{8354} Prime
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
wine, 3196
{3196} Prime
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
and men y582
[0582] Standard
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
(0376) Complement
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of strength 2428
{2428} Prime
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
to mingle 4537
{4537} Prime
A primitive root; to mix, especially wine (with spices).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
strong drink: 7941
{7941} Prime
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:22-23

_ _ Sixth Woe — against corrupt judges, who, “mighty” in drinking “wine” (a boast still not uncommon), if not in defending their country, obtain the means of self-indulgence by taking bribes (“reward”). The two verses are closely joined [Maurer].

_ _ mingle strong drink — not with water, but spices to make it intoxicating (Proverbs 9:2, Proverbs 9:5; Song of Songs 8:2).

_ _ take away the righteousness — set aside the just claims of those having a righteous cause.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:18-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:22

To mingle — To drink: the antecedent being put for the consequent: for they mingled it in order to drinking.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 5:22

Woe to [them that are] (c) mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mix strong drink:

(c) Who are never weary, but show their strength, and brag in gluttony and drunkenness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 5:11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them!
Isaiah 28:1-3 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! ... The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:
Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Proverbs 23:19-20 Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way. ... Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh:
Habakkuk 2:15 Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to [him], and makest [him] drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness!
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Pv 23:19. Is 5:11; 28:1, 7. Hab 2:15.

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