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Isaiah 5:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he digged it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also hewed out a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He dug it all around, removed its stones, And planted it with the choicest vine. And He built a tower in the middle of it And also hewed out a wine vat in it; Then He expected [it] to produce [good] grapes, But it produced [only] worthless ones.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones of it, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a wine-press therein: and he expected that it would bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he dug it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine; and he built a tower in the midst of it, and also hewed out a winepress therein; and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, but it brought forth wild grapes.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he thoroughly digged it, And gathered out the stones thereof, And planted it with a precious vine, And built a tower in the midst thereof, Moreover also, a wine-press, hewed he therein,—Then waited he, that it should bring forth grapes. And it brought forth wild, grapes:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he fenceth it, and casteth out its stones, And planteth it [with] a choice vine, And buildeth a tower in its midst, And also a wine press hath hewn out in it, And he waiteth for the yielding of grapes, And it yieldeth bad ones!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he fenced it in, and picked the stones out of it, and planted it with the choicest vines, and built a tower in the midst thereof, and set up a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a towre in the middest of it, and also made a winepresse therein: and he looked that it should bring foorth grapes, and it brought foorth wilde grapes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I made a hedge round it, and dug a trench, and planted a choice vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and dug a place for the wine-vat in it: and I waited [for it] to bring forth grapes, and it brought forth thorns.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he fenced 5823
{5823} Prime
עָזַק
`azaq
{aw-zak'}
A primitive root; to grub over.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
it, and gathered out the stones 5619
{5619} Prime
סָקַל
caqal
{saw-kal'}
A primitive root; properly to be weighty; but used only in the sense of lapidation or its contrary (as if a delapidation).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
thereof, and planted 5193
{5193} Prime
נָטַע
nata`
{naw-tah'}
A primitive root; properly to strike in, that is, fix; specifically to plant (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it with the choicest vine, 8321
{8321} Prime
שֹׂרֵק
soreq
{so-rake'}
(The third form is feminine); from H8319 in the sense of redness (compare H8320); a vine stock (properly one yielding purple grapes, the richest variety).
and built 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a tower 4026
{4026} Prime
מִגְדָּל
migdal
{mig-dawl'}
From H1431; a tower (from its size or height); by analogy a rostrum; figuratively a (pyramidal) bed of flowers.
in the midst 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
of it, and also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
made 2672
{2672} Prime
חָצַב
chatsab
{khaw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to cut or carve (wood, stone or other material); by implication to hew, split, square, quarry, engrave.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a winepress 3342
{3342} Prime
יֶקֶב
yeqeb
{yeh'-keb}
From unused root meaning to excavate; a trough (as dug out); specifically a wine vat (whether the lower one, into which the juice drains; or the upper, in which the grapes are crushed).
therein: and he looked 6960
{6960} Prime
קָוָה
qavah
{kaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; to bind together (perhaps by twisting), that is, collect; (figuratively) to expect.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
that it should bring forth 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
grapes, 6025
{6025} Prime
עֵנָב
`enab
{ay-nawb'}
From an unused root probably meaning to bear fruit; a grape.
and it brought forth 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
wild grapes. 891
{0891} Prime
בְּאוּשִׁים
b@'ushiym
{be-oo-sheem'}
Plural of H0889; poison berries.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:2

_ _ fenced — rather, “digged and trenched” the ground to prepare it for planting the vines [Maurer].

_ _ choicest vineHebrew, sorek; called still in Morocco, serki; the grapes had scarcely perceptible seeds; the Persian kishmish or bedana, that is, “without seed” (Genesis 49:11).

_ _ tower — to watch the vineyard against the depredations of man or beast, and for the use of the owner (Matthew 21:33).

_ _ wine-press — including the wine-fat; both hewn, for coolness, out of the rocky undersoil of the vineyard.

_ _ wild grapes — The Hebrew expresses offensive putrefaction, answering to the corrupt state of the Jews. Fetid fruit of the wild vine [Maurer], instead of “choicest” grapes. Of the poisonous monk’s hood [Gesenius]. The Arabs call the fruit of the nightshade “wolf grapes” (Deuteronomy 32:32, Deuteronomy 32:33; 2 Kings 4:39-41). Jerome tries to specify the details of the parable; the “fence,” angels; the “stones gathered out,” idols; the “tower,” the “temple in the midst” of Judea; the “wine-press,” the altar.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:2

He gathered — He removed all hindrances, and gave them all the means of fruitfulness. A tower — For the residence of the keepers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 5:2

And he dug it, and removed its stones, and planted it with the choicest vine, (d) and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress in it: and he expected that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth (e) wild grapes.

(d) He spared no diligence or cost.

(e) In (Isaiah 5:7) he declares what they were.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fenced it:
or, made a wall about it,
Exodus 33:16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? [is it] not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that [are] upon the face of the earth.
Numbers 23:9 For from the top of the rocks I see him, and from the hills I behold him: lo, the people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations.
Deuteronomy 32:8-9 When the most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. ... For the LORD'S portion [is] his people; Jacob [is] the lot of his inheritance.
Psalms 44:1-3 [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, Maschil.]] We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, [what] work thou didst in their days, in the times of old. ... For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.
Romans 9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises;

planted:

Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?

the choicest vine:
Sorek in Arabic, sharik certainly denotes an excellent vine; but some with Bp. Lowth, retain it as a proper name. Sorek was a valley lying between Askelon and Gaza, so called from the excellence of its vines.
Judges 16:4 And it came to pass afterward, that he loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name [was] Delilah.

and built:

Isaiah 1:8 And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
Micah 4:8 And thou, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, even the first dominion; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem.

made:
Heb. hewed

a winepress:

Isaiah 63:2-3 Wherefore [art thou] red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? ... I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
Nehemiah 13:15 In those days saw I in Judah [some] treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all [manner of] burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified [against them] in the day wherein they sold victuals.
Revelation 14:18-20 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. ... And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.

he looked:

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Isaiah 1:2-4 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. ... Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.
Isaiah 1:21-23 How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers. ... Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
Deuteronomy 32:6 Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise? [is] not he thy father [that] hath bought thee? hath he not made thee, and established thee?
Matthew 21:34 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.
Mark 11:13 And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not [yet].
Mark 12:2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
Luke 13:7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
Luke 20:10-18 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent [him] away empty. ... Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
1 Corinthians 9:7 Who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?

wild grapes:

Deuteronomy 32:32-33 For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes [are] grapes of gall, their clusters [are] bitter: ... Their wine [is] the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps.
Hosea 10:1 Israel [is] an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly images.
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Ex 33:16. Nu 23:9. Dt 32:6, 8, 32. Jg 16:4. Ne 13:15. Ps 44:1. Is 1:2, 8, 21; 5:7; 63:2. Jr 2:21. Ho 10:1. Mi 4:8. Mt 21:34. Mk 11:13; 12:2. Lk 13:7; 20:10. Ro 9:4. 1Co 9:7. Rv 14:18.

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