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Isaiah 5:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that tarry late into the night, till wine inflame them!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Woe to those who rise early in the morning that they may pursue strong drink, Who stay up late in the evening that wine may inflame them!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to them that rise early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflameth them!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe unto them that, rising early in the morning, run after strong drink; that linger till twilight, [till] wine inflameth them!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas, for them who rise early in the morning that, strong drink, they may pursue,—Who follow on in the evening cool, [until], with wine, they are heated;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Woe [to] those rising early in the morning, Strong drink they pursue! Tarrying in twilight, wine inflameth them!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to you that rise up early in the morning to follow drunkenness, and to drink in the evening, to be inflamed with wine.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe vnto them that rise vp earely in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink, that continue vntill night, [till] wine enflame them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Woe [to them] that rise up in the morning, and follow strong drink; who wait [at it till] evening: for the wine shall inflame them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
הוֹי
howy
{hoh'ee}
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
unto them that rise up early 7925
{7925} Prime
שָׁכַם
shakam
{shaw-kam'}
A primitive root; properly to incline (the shoulder to a burden); but used only as denominative from H7926; literally to load up (on the back of man or beast), that is, to start early in the morning.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
in the morning, 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
[that] they may follow 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
strong drink; 7941
{7941} Prime
שֵׁכָר
shekar
{shay-kawr'}
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
that continue 309
{0309} Prime
אָחַר
'achar
{aw-khar'}
A primitive root; to loiter (that is, be behind); by implication to procrastinate.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
until night, 5399
{5399} Prime
נֶשֶׁף
nesheph
{neh'-shef}
From H5398; properly a breeze, that is, (by implication) dusk (when the evening breeze prevails).
[till] wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
inflame 1814
{1814} Prime
דָּלַק
dalaq
{daw-lak'}
A primitive root; to flame (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
them!
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:11

_ _ Second Woe — against intemperance.

_ _ early — when it was regarded especially shameful to drink (Acts 2:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:7). Banquets for revelry began earlier than usual (Ecclesiastes 10:16, Ecclesiastes 10:17).

_ _ strong drinkHebrew, sichar, implying intoxication.

_ _ continue — drinking all day till evening.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:8-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 5:11

Woe to them that (p) rise early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until (q) night, [till] wine inflames them!

(p) Who spare no pain nor diligence to follow their lusts.

(q) Who are never weary of their rioting and excessive pleasures but use all means to provoke to the same.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rise:

Isaiah 5:22 Woe unto [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:
Isaiah 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!
Proverbs 23:29-30 Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? ... They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine.
Ecclesiastes 10:16-17 Woe to thee, O land, when thy king [is] a child, and thy princes eat in the morning! ... Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
Hosea 7:5-6 In the day of our king the princes have made [him] sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners. ... For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire.
Habakkuk 2:15 Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to [him], and makest [him] drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness!
Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares.
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
1 Thessalonians 5:6-7 Therefore let us not sleep, as [do] others; but let us watch and be sober. ... For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.

inflame:
or, pursue,
Isaiah 28:7-8 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment. ... For all tables are full of vomit [and] filthiness, [so that there is] no place [clean].
Proverbs 20:1 Wine [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
Proverbs 23:32 At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 20:1; 23:29, 32. Ec 10:16. Is 5:22; 28:1, 7. Ho 7:5. Hab 2:15. Lk 21:34. Ro 13:13. 1Co 6:10. Ga 5:21. 1Th 5:6.

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