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Isaiah 49:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— saying to them that are bound, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Show yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and on all bare heights shall be their pasture.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Saying to those who are bound, ‘Go forth,’ To those who are in darkness, ‘Show yourselves.’ Along the roads they will feed, And their pasture [will be] on all bare heights.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Show yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— saying to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pasture shall be on all bare hills.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Saying To them who are bound, Go forth, To them who are in darkness, Shew yourselves,—By the roads, shall they graze, And, on all bare places, shall be their pasture:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To say to the bound, Go out, To those in darkness, Be uncovered. On the ways they feed, And in all high places is their pasture.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That thou mightest say to them that are bound: Come forth: and to them that are in darkness: Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in every plain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Goe forth; to them that [are] in darkenesse, Shewe your selues: they shall feede in the wayes, and their pastures [shalbe] in all high places.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— saying to them that are in bonds, Go forth; and [bidding] them that are in darkness shew themselves. They shall be fed in all the ways, and in all the paths [shall be] their pasture.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That thou mayest say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to the prisoners, 631
{0631} Prime
אָסַר
'acar
{aw-sar'}
A primitive root; to yoke or hitch; by analogy to fasten in any sense, to join battle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Go forth; 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
to them that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[are] in darkness, 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
Shew y1540
[1540] Standard
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8734
<8734> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 118
yourselves. x1540
(1540) Complement
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
They shall feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the ways, 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
and their pastures 4830
{4830} Prime
מַרְעִית
mir`iyth
{meer-eeth'}
From H7462 in the sense of feeding; pasturage; concretely a flock.
[shall be] in all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
high places. 8205
{8205} Prime
שְׁפִי
sh@phiy
{shef-ee'}
From H8192; bareness; concretely a bare hill or plain.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 49:9

_ _ (Isaiah 42:7; Zechariah 9:12).

_ _ prisoners — the Jews bound in legal bondage.

_ _ them ... in darkness — the Gentiles having no light as to the one true God [Vitringa].

_ _ Show yourselves — not only see but be seen (Matthew 5:16; Mark 5:19). Come forth from the darkness of your prison into the light of the Sun of righteousness.

_ _ in the ways, etc. — In a desert there are no “ways,” nor “high places,” with “pastures”; thus the sense is: “They shall have their pastures, not in deserts, but in cultivated and inhabited places.” Laying aside the figure, the churches of Christ at the first shall be gathered, not in obscure and unknown regions, but in the most populous parts of the Roman empire, Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, etc. [Vitringa]. Another sense probably is the right one. Israel, on its way back to the Holy Land, shall not have to turn aside to devious paths in search of necessaries, but shall find them in all places wherever their route lies; so Rosenmuller. God will supply them as if He should make the grass grow in the trodden ways and on the barren high places.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 49:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 49:9

Prisoners — To the Gentiles who are fast bound by the cords of their sins, and taken captive by the devil at his will. Go forth — Come forth to the light, receive divine illumination. In high places — They shall have abundant provision in all places, yea even in those which commonly are unfruitful, such are both common roads and high grounds.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 49:9

That thou mayest say to the (o) prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Show yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their (p) pastures [shall be] in all high places.

(o) To them who are in the prison of sin and death.

(p) Being in Christ's protection, they will be safe against all dangers, and free from fear of the enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to the:

Isaiah 42:7 To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, [and] them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound;
Psalms 69:33 For the LORD heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners.
Psalms 102:20 To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death;
Psalms 107:10-16 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, [being] bound in affliction and iron; ... For he hath broken the gates of brass, and cut the bars of iron in sunder.
Psalms 146:7 Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:
Zechariah 9:11-12 As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein [is] no water. ... Turn you to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope: even to day do I declare [that] I will render double unto thee;
Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
Colossians 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated [us] into the kingdom of his dear Son:
1 Peter 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

to them:

Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
Isaiah 42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way [that] they knew not; I will lead them in paths [that] they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
Isaiah 60:1-2 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. ... For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
Luke 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
2 Corinthians 4:4-6 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. ... For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
1 Thessalonians 5:5-6 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness. ... Therefore let us not sleep, as [do] others; but let us watch and be sober.

They shall feed:

Isaiah 5:17 Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.
Isaiah 55:1-2 Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. ... Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Isaiah 65:13 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed:
Psalms 22:26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
Psalms 23:1-2 [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD [is] my shepherd; I shall not want. ... He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
Ezekiel 34:13-15 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country. ... I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 34:23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Ezekiel 34:29 And I will raise up for them a plant of renown, and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land, neither bear the shame of the heathen any more.
Joel 3:18 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim.
John 6:53-58 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. ... This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
John 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

high:

Deuteronomy 32:13 He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:13. Ps 22:26; 23:1; 69:33; 102:20; 107:10; 146:7. Is 5:17; 9:2; 42:7, 16; 55:1; 60:1; 61:1; 65:13. Ezk 34:13, 23, 29. Jol 3:18. Zc 9:11. Lk 1:79; 4:18. Jn 6:53; 8:12; 10:9. Ac 26:18. 2Co 4:4. Ep 5:8, 14. Col 1:13. 1Th 5:5. 1P 2:9.

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