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Isaiah 49:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But I said, I have labored in vain, I have spent my strength for nought and vanity; yet surely the justice [due] to me is with Jehovah, and my recompense with my God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: [yet] surely my judgment [is] with the LORD, and my work with my God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But I said, “I have toiled in vain, I have spent My strength for nothing and vanity; Yet surely the justice [due] to Me is with the LORD, And My reward with My God.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then I said, I have labored in vain, I have spent my strength for naught, and in vain; [yet] surely my judgment [is] with the LORD, and my work with my God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —And I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought and in vain; nevertheless my judgment is with Jehovah, and my work with my God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, said, To no purpose, have I toiled, For waste and mist—my vigour, have I spent,—Surely, my vindication, is, with, Yahweh, And, my recompence, with my God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I said, 'For a vain thing I laboured, For emptiness and vanity my power I consumed, But my judgment [is] with Jehovah, And my wage with my God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I said: I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength without cause and in vain: therefore my judgment is with the Lord, and my work with my God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then I said; I haue laboured in vaine, I haue spent my strength for nought, and in vaine, [yet] surely my iudgement [is] with the LORD, and my worke with my God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have given my strength for vanity and for nothing: therefore is my judgement with the Lord, and my labour before my God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: [yet] surely my judgment [is] with Yahweh, and my work with my Elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
I have laboured 3021
{3021} Prime
יָגַע
yaga`
{yaw-gah'}
A primitive root; properly to gasp; hence to be exhausted, to tire, to toil.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in vain, 7385
{7385} Prime
רִיק
riyq
{reek}
From H7324; emptiness; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
I have spent 3615
{3615} Prime
כָּלָה
kalah
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to end, whether intransitively (to cease, be finished, perish) or transitively (to complete, prepare, consume).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
my strength 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
for nought, 8414
{8414} Prime
תֹּהוּ
tohuw
{to'-hoo}
From an unused root meaning to lie waste; a desolation (of surface), that is, desert; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
and in vain: 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
[yet] surely 403
{0403} Prime
אָכֵן
'aken
{aw-kane'}
From H3559 (compare H3651); firmly; figuratively surely; also (adversely) but.
my judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
[is] with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and my work 6468
{6468} Prime
פְּעֻלָּה
p@`ullah
{peh-ool-law'}
Feminine passive participle of H6466; (abstractly) work.
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
my lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 49:4

_ _ I — Messiah.

_ _ in vain — comparatively in the case of the greater number of His own countrymen. “He came unto His own, and His own received Him not” (Isaiah 53:1-3; Luke 19:14; John 1:11; John 7:5). Only a hundred twenty disciples met after His personal ministry was ended (Acts 1:15).

_ _ yet ... my judgment ... with the Lord — Ultimately, God will do justice to My cause, and reward (Margin for “work,” compare Isaiah 40:10; Isaiah 62:11) My labors and sufferings. He was never “discouraged” (Isaiah 42:4; Isaiah 50:7, Isaiah 50:10). He calmly, in spite of seeming ill success for the time, left the result with God, confident of final triumph (Isaiah 53:10-12; 1 Peter 2:23). So the ministers of Christ (1 Corinthians 4:1-5; 1 Peter 4:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 49:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 49:4

Then said I — Lord, thou sayest thou wilt be glorified by my ministry; but I find it otherwise. In vain — Without any considerable fruit of my word and works among the Israelites. My judgment — My right, the reward which by his promise, and my purchase, is my right.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 49:4

Then I said, I have (f) laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nothing, and in vain: [yet] surely my judgment [is] with the LORD, and my work with my God.

(f) Thus Christ in his members complains that his labour and preaching take no effect, yet he is contented that his doings are approved by God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I have laboured:

Isaiah 65:2 I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way [that was] not good, after their own thoughts;
Ezekiel 3:19 Yet if thou warn the wicked, and he turn not from his wickedness, nor from his wicked way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul.
Matthew 17:17 Then Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me.
Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
John 1:11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
Romans 10:21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
Galatians 4:11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.

spent:

Leviticus 26:20 And your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruits.
2 Corinthians 12:15 And I will very gladly spend and be spent for you; though the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved.

yet:

Isaiah 53:10-12 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. ... Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Psalms 22:22-31 I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee. ... They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done [this].
Luke 24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
John 17:4-5 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. ... And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
2 Corinthians 2:15 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish:
Philippians 2:9-10 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

work:
or, reward,
Isaiah 40:10 Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong [hand], and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward [is] with him, and his work before him.
Isaiah 62:11 Behold, the LORD hath proclaimed unto the end of the world, Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh; behold, his reward [is] with him, and his work before him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:20. Ps 22:22. Is 40:10; 53:10; 62:11; 65:2. Ezk 3:19. Mt 17:17; 23:37. Lk 24:26. Jn 1:11; 17:4. Ro 10:21. 2Co 2:15; 12:15. Ga 4:11. Php 2:9. He 12:2.

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