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Isaiah 49:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands; thy walls are continually before me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] hands; thy walls [are] continually before me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms [of My hands]; Your walls are continually before Me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] hands; thy walls [are] continually before me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Lo, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] hands; thy walls are continually before me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! on the palms of my hands, have I portrayed thee,—Thy walls, are before me continually.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, on the palms of the hand I have graven thee, Thy walls [are] before Me continually.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold, I have graven thee in my hands: thy walls are always before my eyes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, I haue grauen thee vpon the palmes of [my] hands: thy walles [are] continually before mee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Behold, I have painted thy walls on my hands, and thou art continually before me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] hands; thy walls [are] continually before me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2005
(2005) Complement
A primitive particle; lo! also (as expressing surprise) if.
I have graven 2710
{2710} Prime
A primitive root; properly to hack, that is, engrave (Judges 5:14, to be a scribe simply); by implication to enact (laws being cut in stone or metal tablets in primitive times) or (generally) prescribe.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thee upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the palms of [my] hands; 3709
{3709} Prime
From H3721; the hollow hand or palm (so of the paw of an animal, of the sole, and even of the bowl of a dish or sling, the handle of a bolt, the leaves of a palm tree); figuratively power.
thy walls 2346
{2346} Prime
Feminine active participle of an unused root apparently meaning to join; a wall of protection.
[are] continually 8548
{8548} Prime
From an unused root meaning to stretch; properly continuance (as indefinite extension); but used only (attributively as adjective) constant (or adverbially constantly); elliptically the regular (daily) sacrifice.
before x5048
(5048) Complement
From H5046; a front, that is, part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbially, especially with preposition) over against or before.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 49:16

_ _ Alluding to the Jews’ custom (perhaps drawn from Exodus 13:9) of puncturing on their hands a representation of their city and temple, in token of zeal for them [Lowth], (Song of Songs 8:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 49:13-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 49:16

Graven — He alludes to the common practice of men who put signs upon their hands or fingers of such things as they would remember.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 49:16

Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] (u) hands; thy (x) walls [are] continually before me.

(u) Because I would not forget you.

(x) Meaning, the good order of policy and discipline.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I have:

Exodus 13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.
Song of Songs 8:6 Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals thereof [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame.
Jeremiah 22:24 [As] I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;
Haggai 2:23 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, and will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.

thy walls:

Isaiah 26:1 In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah; We have a strong city; salvation will [God] appoint [for] walls and bulwarks.
Isaiah 54:12 And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.
Isaiah 60:18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
Revelation 21:10-21 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, ... And the twelve gates [were] twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city [was] pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
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Ex 13:9. So 8:6. Is 26:1; 54:12; 60:18. Jr 22:24. Hg 2:23. Rv 21:10.

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