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Isaiah 48:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Assemble yourselves, all ye, and hear; who among them hath declared these things? He whom Jehovah loveth shall perform his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm [shall be on] the Chaldeans.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these [things]? The LORD hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm [shall be on] the Chaldeans.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Assemble, all of you, and listen! Who among them has declared these things? The LORD loves him; he will carry out His good pleasure on Babylon, And His arm [will be against] the Chaldeans.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All ye, assemble yourselves and hear; who among them hath declared these [things]? The LORD hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm [shall be on] the Chaldeans.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All ye, gather yourselves together, and hear: which among them hath declared these things? He whom Jehovah hath loved shall execute his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm [shall be on] the Chaldeans.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Assemble yourselves—all of you, and hear, Who among them, hath told these things? he whom Yahweh loveth, will execute—His pleasure, on Babylon, And his stroke, on the Chaldeans.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Be gathered all of you, and hear, Who among them did declare these things? Jehovah hath loved him, He doth His pleasure on Babylon, And His arm [is on] the Chaldeans.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Assemble yourselves together, all you, and hear: who among them hath declared these things? the Lord hath loved him, he will do his pleasure in Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All yee assemble your selues and heare: which among them hath declared these things? The LORD hath loued him: hee will doe his pleasure on Babylon, and his arme [shall be] on the Caldeans.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all shall be gathered, and shall hear: who has told them these things? Out of love to thee I have fulfilled thy desire on Babylon, to abolish the seed of the Chaldeans.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these [things]? Yahweh hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Bavel, and his arm [shall be on] the Kasdim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
ye, assemble y6908
[6908] Standard
קָבַץ
qabats
{kaw-bats'}
A primitive root; to grasp, that is, collect.
z8734
<8734> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 118
yourselves, x6908
(6908) Complement
קָבַץ
qabats
{kaw-bats'}
A primitive root; to grasp, that is, collect.
and hear; 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
which x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
among them hath declared 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[things]? Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath loved 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him: he will do 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his pleasure 2656
{2656} Prime
חֵפֶץ
chephets
{khay'-fets}
From H2654; pleasure; hence (abstractly) desire; concretely a valuable thing; hence (by extension) a matter (as something in mind).
on Bvel בָּבֶל, 894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
and his arm 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
[shall be on] the Ca$dm כַּשׂדִּים. 3778
{3778} Prime
כַּשְׂדִי
Kasdiy
{kas-dee'}
(Occasionally shown as the second form with enclitic; meaning towards the Kasdites); patronymic from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 48:12-15.


Isaiah 48:14

_ _ among them — among the gods and astrologers of the Chaldees (Isaiah 41:22; Isaiah 43:9; Isaiah 44:7).

_ _ Lord ... loved him; he will, etc. — that is, “He whom the Lord hath loved will do,” etc. [Lowth]; namely, Cyrus (Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1, Isaiah 45:13; Isaiah 46:11). However, Jehovah’s language of love is too strong to apply to Cyrus, except as type of Messiah, to whom alone it fully applies (Revelation 5:2-5).

_ _ his pleasure — not Cyrus’ own, but Jehovah’s.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 48:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 48:14

Which — Which of the gods whom any of you serve. Him — Cyrus.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 48:14

All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; who among them hath declared these [things]? The LORD hath loved (r) him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm [shall be on] the Chaldeans.

(r) Meaning, Cyrus, whom he had chosen to destroy Babylon.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
assemble:

Isaiah 41:22 Let them bring [them] forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the former things, what they [be], that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come.
Isaiah 43:9 Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, [It is] truth.
Isaiah 44:7 And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
Isaiah 45:20-21 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye [that are] escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god [that] cannot save. ... Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me.

among them:
Instead of bahem "among them," thirty-five manuscripts and two editions have bachem "among you."

The LORD[YHWH]:
Rather, "He whom the Lord hath loved, will execute his will on Babylon:" that is, Cyrus.
Isaiah 45:1-3 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; ... And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call [thee] by thy name, [am] the God of Israel.
Mark 10:21 Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.

he will do:

Isaiah 13:4-5 The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle. ... They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, [even] the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.
Isaiah 13:17-18 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and [as for] gold, they shall not delight in it. ... [Their] bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.
Isaiah 44:28 That saith of Cyrus, [He is] my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
Isaiah 46:11 Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken [it], I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed [it], I will also do it.
Jeremiah 50:21-29 Go up against the land of Merathaim, [even] against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee. ... Call together the archers against Babylon: all ye that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape: recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her: for she hath been proud against the LORD, against the Holy One of Israel.
Jeremiah 51:20-24 Thou [art] my battle axe [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms; ... And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.
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Is 13:4, 17; 41:22; 43:9; 44:7, 28; 45:1, 20; 46:11. Jr 50:21; 51:20. Mk 10:21.

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