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Isaiah 47:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Take the millstones, and grind meal; remove thy veil, strip off the train, uncover the leg, pass through the rivers.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Take the millstones and grind meal. Remove your veil, strip off the skirt, Uncover the leg, cross the rivers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Take the millstones, and grind meal; remove thy veil, lift up the train, uncover the leg, pass over rivers:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Take millstones, and grind meal,—Put back thy veil—tuck up thy train, Bare the leg, wade through streams:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Take millstones, and grind flour, Remove thy veil, draw up the skirt, Uncover the leg, pass over the floods.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Take a millstone and grind meal: uncover thy shame, strip thy shoulder, make bare thy legs, pass over the rivers.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Take the milstones and grinde meale, vncouer thy lockes: make bare the legge: vncouer the thigh, passe ouer the riuers.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Take a millstone, grind meal: remove thy veil, uncover thy white hairs, make bare the leg, pass through the rivers.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the millstones, 7347
{7347} Prime
רֶחֶה
recheh
{ray-kheh'}
From an unused root meaning to pulverize; a mill stone.
and grind 2912
{2912} Prime
טָחַן
tachan
{taw-khan'}
A primitive root; to grind meal; hence to be a concubine (that being their employment).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
meal: 7058
{7058} Prime
קֶמַח
qemach
{keh'-makh}
From an unused root probably meaning to grind; flour.
uncover 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
thy locks, 6777
{6777} Prime
צַמָּה
tsammah
{tsam-maw'}
From an unused root meaning to fasten on; a veil.
make bare 2834
{2834} Prime
חָשַׂף
chasaph
{khaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to strip off, that is, generally to make naked (for exertion or in disgrace), to drain away or bail up (a liquid).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the leg, 7640
{7640} Prime
שֹׁבֶל
shebel
{show'-bel}
From an unused root meaning to flow; a lady's train (as trailing after her).
uncover 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
the thigh, 7785
{7785} Prime
שׁוֹק
showq
{shoke}
From H7783; the (lower) leg (as a runner).
pass over 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the rivers. 5104
{5104} Prime
נָהָר
nahar
{naw-hawr'}
From H5102; a stream (including the sea; especially the Nile, Euphrates, etc.); figuratively, prosperity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 47:2

_ _ millstones — like the querns or hand-mills, found in this country, before the invention of water mills and windmills: a convex stone, made by the hand to turn in a concave stone, fitted to receive it, the corn being ground between them: the office of a female slave in the East; most degrading (Job 31:10; Matthew 24:41).

_ _ uncover thy locks — rather, “take off thy veil” [Horsley]: perhaps the removal of the plaited hair worn round the women’s temples is included; it, too, is a covering (1 Corinthians 11:15); to remove it and the veil is the badge of the lowest female degradation; in the East the head is the seat of female modesty; the face of a woman is seldom, the whole head almost never, seen bare (see on Isaiah 22:8).

_ _ make bare the leg — rather “lift up (literally, ‘uncover’; as in lifting up the train the leg is uncovered) thy flowing train.” In Mesopotamia, women of low rank, as occasion requires, wade across the rivers with stript legs, or else entirely put off their garments and swim across. “Exchange thy rich, loose, queenly robe, for the most abject condition, that of one going to and fro through rivers as a slave, to draw water,” etc.

_ _ uncover ... thigh — gather up the robe, so as to wade across.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 47:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 47:2

Millstones — Thou shalt be brought to the basest slavery, which grinding at the mill was esteemed. For this work was not performed by horses, as now it is, but by the labour of slaves and captives. Grind — Grind bread — corn into meal for thy master's use. Uncover — Take off the ornaments wherewith such women as were of good quality, used to cover and dress their heads. These are predictions of what they should be forced to do or suffer. Thigh — Gird up thy garments close and short about thee, that thou mayest be fit for travelling on foot, and for passing over those rivers, through which thou wilt be constrained to wade, in the way to the land of thy captivity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 47:2

Take the millstones, and (c) grind meal: uncover thy locks, (d) make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.

(c) You will be brought to most vile servitude: for to turn the mill was the office of slaves.

(d) The things in which she sets her greatest pride, will be made vile, even from the head to the foot.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the millstones:

Exodus 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that [is] behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
Judges 16:21 But the Philistines took him, and put out his eyes, and brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with fetters of brass; and he did grind in the prison house.
Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.
Jeremiah 27:7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
Lamentations 5:13 They took the young men to grind, and the children fell under the wood.
Matthew 24:41 Two [women shall be] grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
Luke 17:35 Two [women] shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left.

make bare:

Isaiah 3:17 Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts.
Isaiah 20:4 So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners, and the Ethiopians captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, even with [their] buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.
Jeremiah 13:22 And if thou say in thine heart, Wherefore come these things upon me? For the greatness of thine iniquity are thy skirts discovered, [and] thy heels made bare.
Jeremiah 13:26 Therefore will I discover thy skirts upon thy face, that thy shame may appear.
Ezekiel 16:37-39 Behold, therefore I will gather all thy lovers, with whom thou hast taken pleasure, and all [them] that thou hast loved, with all [them] that thou hast hated; I will even gather them round about against thee, and will discover thy nakedness unto them, that they may see all thy nakedness. ... And I will also give thee into their hand, and they shall throw down thine eminent place, and shall break down thy high places: they shall strip thee also of thy clothes, and shall take thy fair jewels, and leave thee naked and bare.
Hosea 2:3 Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.
Micah 1:11 Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of Saphir, having thy shame naked: the inhabitant of Zaanan came not forth in the mourning of Bethezel; he shall receive of you his standing.
Nahum 3:5-6 Behold, I [am] against thee, saith the LORD of hosts; and I will discover thy skirts upon thy face, and I will shew the nations thy nakedness, and the kingdoms thy shame. ... And I will cast abominable filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee as a gazingstock.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 11:5. Jg 16:21. Jb 31:10. Is 3:17; 20:4. Jr 13:22, 26; 27:7. Lm 5:13. Ezk 16:37. Ho 2:3. Mi 1:11. Na 3:5. Mt 24:41. Lk 17:35.

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