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Isaiah 45:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! a potsherd among the potsherds of the earth! Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Woe to [the one] who quarrels with his Maker— An earthenware vessel among the vessels of earth! Will the clay say to the potter, ‘What are you doing?’ Or the thing you are making [say], ‘He has no hands’?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to him that contendeth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [contend] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Let a potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that formeth it, What makest thou? Or thy work, He hath no hands?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas for him who contendeth with his Fashioner,—A potsherd, [should contend] with the potsherds of the ground! Shall it be said by, the clay, unto him that is fashioning it, What wouldst thou make? Or thy work [say of thee], He hath no hands?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Woe [to] him who is striving with his Former, (A potsherd with potsherds of the ground!) Doth clay say to its Framer, 'What dost thou?' And thy work, 'He hath no hands?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to him that gainsayeth his maker, a sherd of the earthen pots: shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it: What art thou making, and thy work is without hands?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe vnto him that striueth with his maker: Let the potsheard [striue] with the potsheards of the earth: shal the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy worke, he hath no hands?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— What excellent thing have I prepared as clay of the potter? Will the ploughman plough the earth all say? shall the clay say to the potter, What art thou doing that thou dost not work, nor hast hands? shall the thing formed answer him that formed it?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
הוֹי
howy
{hoh'ee}
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
unto him that striveth 7378
{7378} Prime
רִיב
riyb
{reeb}
A primitive root; properly to toss, that is, grapple; mostly figuratively to wrangle, that is, hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
his Maker! 3335
{3335} Prime
יָצַר
yatsar
{yaw-tsar'}
probably identical with H3334 (through the squeezing into shape); (compare H3331); to mould into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively to determine (that is, form a resolution).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[Let] the potsherd 2789
{2789} Prime
חֶרֶשׂ
cheres
{kheh'-res}
A collateral form mediating between H2775 and H2791; a piece of pottery.
[strive] with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
the potsherds 2789
{2789} Prime
חֶרֶשׂ
cheres
{kheh'-res}
A collateral form mediating between H2775 and H2791; a piece of pottery.
of the earth. 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
Shall the clay 2563
{2563} Prime
חֹמֶר
chomer
{kho'-mer}
From H2560; properly a bubbling up, that is, of water, a wave; of earth, mire or clay (cement); also a heap; hence a chomer or dry measure.
say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to him that fashioneth 3335
{3335} Prime
יָצַר
yatsar
{yaw-tsar'}
probably identical with H3334 (through the squeezing into shape); (compare H3331); to mould into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively to determine (that is, form a resolution).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
it, What x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
makest 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thou? or thy work, 6467
{6467} Prime
פֹּעַל
po`al
{po'-al}
From H6466; an act or work (concretely).
He hath no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
hands? 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 45:9

_ _ Anticipating the objections which the Jews might raise as to why God permitted their captivity, and when He did restore them, why He did so by a foreign prince, Cyrus, not a Jew (Isaiah 40:27, etc.), but mainly and ultimately, the objections about to be raised by the Jews against God’s sovereign act in adopting the whole Gentile world as His spiritual Israel (Isaiah 45:8, referring to this catholic diffusion of the Gospel), as if it were an infringement of their nation’s privileges; so Paul expressly quotes it (Romans 9:4-8, Romans 9:11-21).

_ _ Let ... strive — Not in the Hebrew; rather, in apposition with “him,” “A potsherd among the potsherds of the earth!” A creature fragile and worthless as the fragment of an earthen vessel, among others equally so, and yet presuming to strive with his Maker! English Version implies, it is appropriate for man to strive with man, in opposition to 2 Timothy 2:24 [Gesenius].

_ _ thy ... He — shall thy work say of thee, He ... ?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 45:5-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 45:9

Woe — As God here makes many glorious promises to Cyrus, so he pronounces a curse upon them, who should endeavour to hinder him. Contend — Contend, if you please, with your fellow creatures, but not with your creator. Or — He turns his speech to the potter.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 45:9

(l) Woe to him that contendeth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [contend] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, (m) He hath no hands?

(l) By this he bridles their impatience, who in adversity and trouble murmur against God, and will not tarry his pleasure: willing that man would match with his like, and not contend against God.

(m) That is, it is not perfectly made.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
unto him:

Isaiah 64:8 But now, O LORD, thou [art] our father; we [are] the clay, and thou our potter; and we all [are] the work of thy hand.
Exodus 9:16-17 And in very deed for this [cause] have I raised thee up, for to shew [in] thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth. ... As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?
Job 15:24-26 Trouble and anguish shall make him afraid; they shall prevail against him, as a king ready to the battle. ... He runneth upon him, [even] on [his] neck, upon the thick bosses of his bucklers:
Job 40:8-9 Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous? ... Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him?
Psalms 2:2-9 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying], ... Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Proverbs 21:30 [There is] no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.
Jeremiah 50:24 I have laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken, O Babylon, and thou wast not aware: thou art found, and also caught, because thou hast striven against the LORD.
1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

Shall the clay:

Isaiah 10:15 Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth therewith? [or] shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh it? as if the rod should shake [itself] against them that lift it up, [or] as if the staff should lift up [itself, as if it were] no wood.
Isaiah 29:16 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?
Jeremiah 18:6 O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith the LORD. Behold, as the clay [is] in the potter's hand, so [are] ye in mine hand, O house of Israel.
Romans 9:20-21 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus? ... Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 9:16. Jb 15:24; 40:8. Ps 2:2. Pv 21:30. Is 10:15; 29:16; 64:8. Jr 18:6; 50:24. Ro 9:20. 1Co 10:22.

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