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Isaiah 45:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By myself have I sworn, the word is gone forth from my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, that unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I have sworn by Myself, The word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness And will not turn back, That to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear [allegiance].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That to me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness and shall not return, that unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By myself, have I sworn, Gone forth out of my mouth, is righteousness as a decree, And shall not turn back,—That, unto myself, Shall bow, every knee, Shall swear, every tongue:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By Myself I have sworn, Gone out from my mouth in righteousness hath a word, And it turneth not back, That to Me, bow doth every knee, every tongue swear.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I have sworn by myself, the word of justice shall go out of my mouth, and shall not return: For every knee shall be bowed to me, and every tongue shall swear.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I haue sworne by my selfe: the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousnes, and shall not returne, that vnto me euery knee shall bowe, euery tongue shall sweare.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— By myself I swear, righteousness shall surely proceed out of my mouth; my words shall not be frustrated; that to me every knee shall bend, and every tongue shall swear by God,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I have sworn 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
by myself, the word 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
is gone out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
of my mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[in] righteousness, 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
and shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
return, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
That x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
unto me every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
knee 1290
{1290} Prime
בֶּרֶךְ
berek
{beh'-rek}
From H1288; a knee.
shall bow, 3766
{3766} Prime
כָּרַע
kara`
{kaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to bend the knee; by implication to sink, to prostrate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
tongue 3956
{3956} Prime
לָשׁוֹן
lashown
{law-shone'}
From H3960; the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water).
shall swear. 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 45:23

_ _ sworn by myself — equivalent to, “As I live,” as Romans 14:11 quotes it. So Numbers 14:21. God could swear by no greater, therefore He swears by Himself (Hebrews 6:13, Hebrews 6:16).

_ _ word ... in righteousness — rather, “the truth (see on Isaiah 45:19) is gone forth from My mouth, the word (of promise), and it shall not return (that is, which shall not be revoked)” [Lowth]. But the accents favor English Version.

_ _ tongue ... swear — namely, an oath of allegiance to God as their true King (see on Isaiah 19:18; see on Isaiah 65:16). Yet to be fulfilled (Zechariah 14:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 45:20-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 45:23

In righteousness — It is what I will faithfully perform. Return — Without effect. It is a metaphor from ambassadors, who sometimes return to their princes without any success in their business. Every tongue — Not only the Jews, but all nations.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 45:23

I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] (a) righteousness, and shall not return, That to me every (b) knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

(a) That is, that the thing which I have promise will be faithfully performed.

(b) The knowledge of God and the true worshipping will be through all the world, (Romans 14:11; Philippians 2:10) by which he signifies that we must not only serve God in heart, but declare the same also by outward profession.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sworn:

Genesis 22:15-18 And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, ... And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
Jeremiah 22:5 But if ye will not hear these words, I swear by myself, saith the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation.
Jeremiah 49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.
Amos 6:8 The Lord GOD hath sworn by himself, saith the LORD the God of hosts, I abhor the excellency of Jacob, and hate his palaces: therefore will I deliver up the city with all that is therein.
Hebrews 6:13-18 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, ... That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:

the word:

Isaiah 45:19 I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
Isaiah 55:11 So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper [in the thing] whereto I sent it.
Numbers 23:19 God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?

That unto:

Romans 11:4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to [the image of] Baal.
Romans 14:10-12 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. ... So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.
Philippians 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;

every tongue:

Isaiah 19:18-21 In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the language of Canaan, and swear to the LORD of hosts; one shall be called, The city of destruction. ... And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform [it].
Isaiah 44:3-5 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring: ... One shall say, I [am] the LORD'S; and another shall call [himself] by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe [with] his hand unto the LORD, and surname [himself] by the name of Israel.
Isaiah 65:16 That he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.
Genesis 31:53 The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac.
Deuteronomy 6:13 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.
2 Chronicles 15:14-15 And they sware unto the LORD with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with cornets. ... And all Judah rejoiced at the oath: for they had sworn with all their heart, and sought him with their whole desire; and he was found of them: and the LORD gave them rest round about.
Nehemiah 10:29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes;
Psalms 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that sweareth by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.
Psalms 132:2 How he sware unto the LORD, [and] vowed unto the mighty [God] of Jacob;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:15; 31:53. Nu 23:19. Dt 6:13. 2Ch 15:14. Ne 10:29. Ps 63:11; 132:2. Is 19:18; 44:3; 45:19; 55:11; 65:16. Jr 22:5; 49:13. Am 6:8. Ro 11:4; 14:10. Php 2:10. He 6:13.

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