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Isaiah 45:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I have not spoken in secret, in a place of the land of darkness; I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I, Jehovah, speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I have not spoken in secret, In some dark land; I did not say to the offspring of Jacob, ‘Seek Me in a waste place’; I, the LORD, speak righteousness, Declaring things that are upright.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I have not said to the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth; I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek me in vain: I [am] Jehovah, speaking righteousness, declaring things which are right.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Not in secret, have I spoken, In a place of the earth that is dark,—I have not said unto the seed of Jacob, In a waste, seek ye me,—I, am Yahweh, Speaking the thing that is right, Declaring the things that are just.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Not in secret have I spoken, in a dark place of the earth, I have not said to the seed of Jacob, In vain seek ye Me, I [am] Jehovah, speaking righteousness, Declaring uprightness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I have not said to the seed of Jacob: Seek me in vain. I am the Lord that speak justice, that declare right things.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I haue not spoken in secret, in a darke place of the earth: I said not vnto the seed of Iacob, Seeke ye mee in vaine: I the LORD speake righteousnesse, I declare things that are right.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I have not spoken in secret, nor in a dark place of the earth: I said not to the seed of Jacob, Seek vanity: I, even I, am the Lord, speaking righteousness, and proclaiming truth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Yaaqov, Seek ye me in vain: I Yahweh speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I have not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
spoken 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
in secret, 5643
{5643} Prime
סֵתֶר
cether
{say'-ther}
From H5641; a cover (in a good or a bad, a literal or a figurative sense).
in a dark 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
of the earth: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
I said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
unto the seed 2233
{2233} Prime
זֶרַע
zera`
{zeh'-rah}
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
of Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב, 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
Seek 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
ye me in vain: 8414
{8414} Prime
תֹּהוּ
tohuw
{to'-hoo}
From an unused root meaning to lie waste; a desolation (of surface), that is, desert; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
righteousness, 6664
{6664} Prime
צֶדֶק
tsedeq
{tseh'-dek}
From H6663; the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity.
I declare 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
things that are right. 4339
{4339} Prime
מֵישָׁר
meyshar
{may-shawr'}
From H3474; evenness, that is, (figuratively) prosperity or concord; also straightness, that is, (figuratively) rectitude (only in plural with singular sense; often adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 45:19

_ _ not ... secret — not like the heathen oracles which gave their responses from dark caverns, with studied obscurity (Isaiah 48:16). Christ plainly quotes these words, thereby identifying Himself with Jehovah (John 18:20).

_ _ I said not ... Seek ... in vain — When I commanded you to seek Me (Jehovah did so, Isaiah 45:11, “Ask Me,” etc.), it was not in order that ye might be sent empty away (Deuteronomy 32:47). Especially in Israel’s time of trial, God’s interposition, in behalf of Zion hereafter, is expressly stated as about to be the answer to prayer (Isaiah 62:6, Isaiah 62:7-10; Psalms 102:13-17, Psalms 102:19-21). So in the case of all believers, the spiritual Israel.

_ _ righteousness — that which is veracious: not in the equivocal terms of heathen responses, fitly symbolized by the “dark places” from which they were uttered.

_ _ right — true (see on Isaiah 41:26).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 45:11-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 45:19

In secret — The Heathen idols deliver oracles in obscure cells and caverns: but I have delivered my oracles to Israel publickly and plainly. In vain — Serve and worship me for nought. As I appointed them work, so from time to time I have given them abundant recompence. Right — I require nothing of my people which is not highly just and good.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 45:19

I have not spoken in secret, (x) in a dark place of the earth: I have not said to the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.

(x) As do the false gods, who give uncertain answers.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
spoken:

Isaiah 43:9-10 Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, [It is] truth. ... Ye [are] my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I [am] he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.
Isaiah 48:16 Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there [am] I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.
Deuteronomy 29:29 The secret [things belong] unto the LORD our God: but those [things which are] revealed [belong] unto us and to our children for ever, that [we] may do all the words of this law.
Deuteronomy 30:11-14 For this commandment which I command thee this day, it [is] not hidden from thee, neither [is] it far off. ... But the word [is] very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it.
Proverbs 1:21 She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, [saying],
Proverbs 8:1-4 Doth not wisdom cry? and understanding put forth her voice? ... Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice [is] to the sons of man.
John 7:26 But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ?
John 7:28 Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not.
John 7:37-39 In the last day, that great [day] of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. ... (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet [given]; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)
John 18:20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
Acts 2:4-8 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. ... And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?

Seek:

Isaiah 1:15 And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.
Isaiah 8:19 And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead?
Isaiah 55:6-7 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: ... Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.
Isaiah 58:1-3 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins. ... Wherefore have we fasted, [say they], and thou seest not? [wherefore] have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.
1 Chronicles 28:8 Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation of the LORD, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of the LORD your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave [it] for an inheritance for your children after you for ever.
2 Chronicles 15:2 And he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him, Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The LORD [is] with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you.
Ezra 8:22 For I was ashamed to require of the king a band of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy in the way: because we had spoken unto the king, saying, The hand of our God [is] upon all them for good that seek him; but his power and his wrath [is] against all them that forsake him.
Psalms 24:6 This [is] the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah.
Psalms 69:13 But as for me, my prayer [is] unto thee, O LORD, [in] an acceptable time: O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation.
Psalms 69:32 The humble shall see [this, and] be glad: and your heart shall live that seek God.
Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright [is] his delight.
Jeremiah 29:13 And ye shall seek me, and find [me], when ye shall search for me with all your heart.
Amos 5:4 For thus saith the LORD unto the house of Israel, Seek ye me, and ye shall live:
Malachi 3:13-14 Your words have been stout against me, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, What have we spoken [so much] against thee? ... Ye have said, It [is] vain to serve God: and what profit [is it] that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts?
Matthew 15:8-9 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with [their] lips; but their heart is far from me. ... But in vain they do worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.
James 4:3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume [it] upon your lusts.

speak righteousness:

Isaiah 63:1 Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
Numbers 23:19-20 God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good? ... Behold, I have received [commandment] to bless: and he hath blessed; and I cannot reverse it.
Deuteronomy 32:4 [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.
Psalms 9:10 And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
Psalms 12:6 The words of the LORD [are] pure words: [as] silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
Psalms 19:7-10 The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple. ... More to be desired [are they] than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
Psalms 111:7-8 The works of his hands [are] verity and judgment; all his commandments [are] sure. ... They stand fast for ever and ever, [and are] done in truth and uprightness.
Psalms 119:137-138 TZADDI. Righteous [art] thou, O LORD, and upright [are] thy judgments. ... Thy testimonies [that] thou hast commanded [are] righteous and very faithful.
Proverbs 8:6 Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips [shall be] right things.
Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God [is] pure: he [is] a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 23:19. Dt 29:29; 30:11; 32:4. 1Ch 28:8. 2Ch 15:2. Ezr 8:22. Ps 9:10; 12:6; 19:7; 24:6; 69:13, 32; 111:7; 119:137. Pv 1:21; 8:1, 6; 15:8; 30:5. Is 1:15; 8:19; 43:9; 48:16; 55:6; 58:1; 63:1. Jr 29:13. Am 5:4. Mal 3:13. Mt 15:8. Jn 7:26, 28, 37; 18:20. Ac 2:4. Jm 4:3.

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