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Isaiah 44:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He feedeth on ashes; a deceived heart hath turned him aside; and he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He feeds on ashes; a deceived heart has turned him aside. And he cannot deliver himself, nor say, “Is there not a lie in my right hand?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He feedeth on ashes; a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He is feeding on ashes, A deluded heart, hath turned him aside,—And he cannot deliver his own soul, nor say, Is there not a falsehood in my right hand?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Feeding on ashes, the heart is deceived, It hath turned him aside, And he delivereth not his soul, nor saith: 'Is there not a lie in my right hand?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Part thereof is ashes: his foolish heart adoreth it, and he will not save his soul, nor say: Perhaps there is a lie in my right hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He feedeth of ashes: a deceiued heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliuer his soule, nor say; [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Know thou that their heart is ashes, and they err, and no one is able to deliver his soul: see, ye will not say, [There is a] lie in my right hand.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He feedeth 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
on ashes: 665
{0665} Prime
אֵפֶר
'epher
{ay'-fer}
From an unused root meaning to bestrew; ashes.
a deceived 2048
{2048} Prime
הָתַל
hathal
{haw-thal'}
A primitive root; to deride; by implication to cheat.
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
hath turned him aside, 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
that he cannot x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
deliver 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his soul, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
say, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[Is there] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
a lie 8267
{8267} Prime
שֶׁקֶר
sheqer
{sheh'-ker}
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
in my right hand? 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 44:20

_ _ feedeth on ashes — figuratively, for the idolater delights in what is vain (Proverbs 15:14; Hosea 12:1). “Feedeth on wind.” There is an allusion, perhaps, also, to the god being made of a tree, the half of which was reduced to ashes by fire (Isaiah 44:15-17); the idol, it is implied, was no better, and could, and ought, to have been reduced to ashes like the other half.

_ _ deceived heart — The heart and will first go astray, then the intellect and life (Romans 1:28; Ephesians 4:18).

_ _ lie in ... right hand — Is not my handiwork (the idol) a self-deceit?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 44:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 44:20

Ashes — An unprofitable and pernicious food, and no less unsatisfying and mischievous is the worship of idols. Deceived heart — A mind corrupted and deceived by deep prejudice, gross error, and especially by his own lusts. Turned — From the way of truth. Deliver — From the snares and dangers of idolatry. Is there not — What is this idol which I set at my right — hand, as the true God is said in scripture to be at the right — hand of his people; which I highly honour, for the most honourable place was on the right — hand; to which I look for relief and assistance, which God in scripture is said to afford to his people, by being at and holding their right — hand. What, I say, is this idol? Is it not a lie, which tho' it pretends to be a god, yet, in truth is nothing but vanity and falsehood?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 44:20

He feedeth (z) on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?

(z) He is abused as one that would eat ashes, thinking to satisfy his hunger.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
feedeth:

Job 15:2 Should a wise man utter vain knowledge, and fill his belly with the east wind?
Psalms 102:9 For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping,
Proverbs 15:14 The heart of him that hath understanding seeketh knowledge: but the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishness.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Luke 15:16 And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.

a deceived:

1 Kings 22:20-23 And the LORD said, Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one said on this manner, and another said on that manner. ... Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken evil concerning thee.
Job 15:31 Let not him that is deceived trust in vanity: for vanity shall be his recompence.
Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
Romans 1:20-22 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: ... Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
2 Thessalonians 2:11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
2 Timothy 2:13 If we believe not, [yet] he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself.
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 13:14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by [the means of] those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.
Revelation 18:23 And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived.
Revelation 20:3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

Is there:

Isaiah 28:15-17 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves: ... Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.
Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and [things] wherein [there is] no profit.
Habakkuk 2:18 What profiteth the graven image that the maker thereof hath graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies, that the maker of his work trusteth therein, to make dumb idols?
2 Thessalonians 2:9-11 [Even him], whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, ... And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
1 Timothy 4:2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 22:20. Jb 15:2, 31. Ps 102:9. Pv 15:14. Is 28:15. Jr 16:19. Ho 4:12; 12:1. Hab 2:18. Lk 15:16. Ro 1:20, 28. 2Th 2:9, 11. 1Ti 4:2. 2Ti 2:13. Rv 12:9; 13:14; 18:23; 20:3.

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