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Isaiah 44:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The carpenter stretcheth out a line; he marketh it out with a pencil; he shapeth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compasses, and shapeth it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man, to dwell in a house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The carpenter stretcheth out [his] rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Another] shapes wood, he extends a measuring line; he outlines it with red chalk. He works it with planes and outlines it with a compass, and makes it like the form of a man, like the beauty of man, so that it may sit in a house.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The carpenter stretcheth out [his] rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The worker in wood stretcheth out a line; he marketh it out with red chalk; he formeth it with sharp tools, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of man: that it may remain in the house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As for the carpenter,—He hath stretched out a line, hath drawn it with a pencil, Hath made it with carving tools, With compasses, hath rounded it,—And so hath made it after the figure of a great man, After the beauty of a son of earth, that it may remain in a house!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He hath wrought [with] wood, He hath stretched out a rule, He doth mark it out with a line, He maketh it with carving tools, And with a compass he marketh it out, And maketh it according to the form of a man, According to the beauty of a man, To remain in the house.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The carpenter hath stretched out his rule, he hath formed it with a plane: he hath made it with corners, and hath fashioned it round with the compass: and he hath made the image of a man as it were a beautiful man dwelling in a house.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The carpenter stretcheth out his rule: he maketh it out with the line: he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compasse, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beautie of a man; that it may remaine in the house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The artificer having chosen a piece of wood, marks it out with a rule, and fits it with glue, and makes it as the form of a man, and as the beauty of a man, to set it up in the house.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The carpenter stretcheth out [his] rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The carpenter 2796
{2796} Prime
חָרָשׁ
charash
{khaw-rawsh'}
From H2790; a fabricator of any material.
6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
stretcheth out 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[his] rule; 6957
{6957} Prime
קַו
qav
{kav}
From H6960 (compare H6961); a cord (as connecting), especially for measuring; figuratively a rule; also a rim, a musical string or accord.
he marketh it out 8388
{8388} Prime
תָּאַר
ta'ar
{taw-ar'}
A primitive root; to delineate; reflexively to extend. (Rimmon methoar by union with H7417.).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
with a line; 8279
{8279} Prime
שֶׂרֶד
sered
{seh'-red}
From H8277; a (carpenter's) scribing awl (for pricking or scratching measurements).
he fitteth 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it with planes, 4741
{4741} Prime
מַקְצוּעָה
maqtsu`ah
{mak-tsoo-aw'}
From H7106; a scraper, that is, a carving chisel.
and he marketh it out 8388
{8388} Prime
תָּאַר
ta'ar
{taw-ar'}
A primitive root; to delineate; reflexively to extend. (Rimmon methoar by union with H7417.).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
with the compass, 4230
{4230} Prime
מְחוּגָה
m@chuwgah
{mekk-oo-gaw'}
From H2328; an instrument for marking a circle, that is, compasses.
and maketh 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it after the figure 8403
{8403} Prime
תַּבְנִית
tabniyth
{tab-neeth'}
From H1129; structure; by implication a model, resemblance.
of a man, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
according to the beauty 8597
{8597} Prime
תִּפְאָרָה
tiph'arah
{tif-aw-raw'}
From H6286; ornament (abstractly or concretely, literally or figuratively).
of a man; 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
that it may remain 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
in the house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 44:13

_ _ After the smith’s work in preparing the instruments comes the carpenter’s work in forming the idol.

_ _ rule — rather, “line” [Barnes].

_ _ with a line — rather, a “pencil,” [Horsley]. Literally, “red ochre,” which he uses to mark on the wood the outline of the figure [Lowth]. Or best, the stylus or graver, with which the incision of the outline is made [Gesenius].

_ _ planes — rather, “chisels” or “carving tools,” for a plane would not answer for carving.

_ _ compass — from a Hebrew root, “to make a circle”; by it, symmetry of form is secured.

_ _ according to ... beauty of a man — irony. The highest idea the heathen could form of a god was one of a form like their own. Jerome says, “The more handsome the statue the more august the god was thought.” The incarnation of the Son of God condescends to this anthropomorphic feeling so natural to man, but in such a way as to raise man’s thoughts up to the infinite God who “is a spirit.”

_ _ that it may remain in ... house — the only thing it was good for; it could not hear nor save (compare Wisdom of Solomon 13:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 44:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 44:13

According to — In the same comely shape and proportions which are in a living man. House — In the dwelling — house of him that made it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 44:13

The carpenter stretcheth out [his] rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in (t) the house.

(t) To place it in some Temple.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he marketh:

Exodus 20:4-5 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the water under the earth: ... Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
Deuteronomy 4:16-18 Lest ye corrupt [yourselves], and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female, ... The likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of any fish that [is] in the waters beneath the earth:
Deuteronomy 4:28 And there ye shall serve gods, the work of men's hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.
Acts 17:29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.
Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

that it may:

Genesis 31:19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that [were] her father's.
Genesis 31:30 And now, [though] thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst after thy father's house, [yet] wherefore hast thou stolen my gods?
Genesis 31:32 With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what [is] thine with me, and take [it] to thee. For Jacob knew not that Rachel had stolen them.
Genesis 35:2 Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that [were] with him, Put away the strange gods that [are] among you, and be clean, and change your garments:
Deuteronomy 27:15 Cursed [be] the man that maketh [any] graven or molten image, an abomination unto the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and putteth [it] in [a] secret [place]. And all the people shall answer and say, Amen.
Judges 17:4-5 Yet he restored the money unto his mother; and his mother took two hundred [shekels] of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven image and a molten image: and they were in the house of Micah. ... And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.
Judges 18:24 And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, and the priest, and ye are gone away: and what have I more? and what [is] this [that] ye say unto me, What aileth thee?
Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the chambers of his imagery? for they say, The LORD seeth us not; the LORD hath forsaken the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 31:19, 30, 32; 35:2. Ex 20:4. Dt 4:16, 28; 27:15. Jg 17:4; 18:24. Ezk 8:12. Ac 17:29. Ro 1:23.

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