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Isaiah 43:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy first father sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Your first forefather sinned, And your spokesmen have transgressed against Me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy first father hath sinned, and thy mediators have rebelled against me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thy chief father, hath sinned, And, thine interpreters, have transgressed against me;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thy first father sinned, And thine interpreters transgressed against me,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy first father sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers haue transgressed against mee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Your fathers first, and your princes have transgressed against me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy first 7223
{7223} Prime
From H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun).
father 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
hath sinned, 2398
{2398} Prime
A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and thy teachers 3887
{3887} Prime
A primitive root; properly to make mouths at, that is, to scoff; hence (from the effort to pronounce a foreign language) to interpret, or (generally) intercede.
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
have transgressed 6586
{6586} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H6585 through the idea of expansion); to break away (from just authority), that is, trespass, apostatize, quarrel.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
against me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 43:27

_ _ first father — collectively for “most ancient ancestors,” as the parallelism (“teachers”) proves [Maurer]. Or, thy chief religious ministers or priests [Gesenius]. Adam, the common father of all nations, can hardly be meant here, as it would have been irrelevant to mention his sin in an address to the Jews specially. Abraham is equally out of place here, as he is everywhere cited as an example of faithfulness, not of “sin.” However, taking the passage in its ultimate application to the Church at large, Adam may be meant.

_ _ teachers — literally, “interpreters” between God and man, the priests (Job 33:23; Malachi 2:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 43:22-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 43:27

Thy father — This may be put for their forefathers; and so he tells them, that as they were sinners, so also were their progenitors, yea even the best of them. Teachers — Thy priests and prophets; who were their intercessors with God: and if these were transgressors, the people had no reason to fancy themselves innocent.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 43:27

Thy (d) first father hath sinned, and thy (e) teachers have transgressed against me.

(d) Your ancestors.

(e) Your priests and your prophets.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
first father:

Numbers 32:14 And, behold, ye are risen up in your fathers' stead, an increase of sinful men, to augment yet the fierce anger of the LORD toward Israel.
Psalms 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation [that] set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.
Psalms 106:6-7 We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly. ... Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked [him] at the sea, [even] at the Red sea.
Jeremiah 3:25 We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.
Ezekiel 16:3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land of Canaan; thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.
Zechariah 1:4-6 Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and [from] your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD. ... But my words and my statutes, which I commanded my servants the prophets, did they not take hold of your fathers? and they returned and said, Like as the LORD of hosts thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us.
Malachi 3:7 Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept [them]. Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye said, Wherein shall we return?
Acts 7:51 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye.
Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

and thy:

Isaiah 3:12 [As for] my people, children [are] their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause [thee] to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. ... Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Jeremiah 5:31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love [to have it] so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?
Jeremiah 23:11-15 For both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in my house have I found their wickedness, saith the LORD. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall: for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land.
Lamentations 4:13-14 For the sins of her prophets, [and] the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her, ... They have wandered [as] blind [men] in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments.
Ezekiel 22:25-28 [There is] a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof. ... And her prophets have daubed them with untempered [morter], seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord GOD, when the LORD hath not spoken.
Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.
Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, [Is] not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us.
Malachi 2:4-8 And ye shall know that I have sent this commandment unto you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts. ... But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
Matthew 27:41 Likewise also the chief priests mocking [him], with the scribes and elders, said,
John 11:49-53 And one of them, [named] Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, ... Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.
Acts 5:17-18 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation, ... And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison.

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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 32:14. Ps 78:8; 106:6. Is 3:12; 28:7; 56:10. Jr 3:25; 5:31; 23:11. Lm 4:13. Ezk 16:3; 22:25. Ho 4:6. Mi 3:11. Zc 1:4. Mal 2:4; 3:7. Mt 15:14; 27:1, 41. Jn 11:49. Ac 5:17; 7:51. Ro 5:12.

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