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Isaiah 42:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He will not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set justice in the earth; and the isles shall wait for his law.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He will not be disheartened or crushed Until He has established justice in the earth; And the coastlands will wait expectantly for His law.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he hath set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He shall not faint nor be in haste, till he have set justice in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He will not fade, nor will he be crushed, Until he establish, in the earth, justice, And, for his instruction, Coastlands, wait.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He doth not become weak nor bruised, Till he setteth judgment in the earth, And for his law isles wait with hope.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall not be sad, nor troublesome, till he set judgment in the earth, and the islands shall wait for his law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He shall not faile nor be discouraged, till he haue set iudgement in the earth: and the yles shall waite for his lawe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He shall shine out, and shall not be discouraged, until he have set judgement on the earth: and in his name shall the Gentiles trust.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
fail 3543
{3543} Prime
כָּהָה
kahah
{kaw-haw'}
A primitive root; to be weak, that is, (figuratively) to despond (causatively rebuke), or (of light, the eye) to grow dull.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be discouraged, 7533
{7533} Prime
רָצַץ
ratsats
{raw-tsats'}
A primitive root; to crack in pieces, literally or figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
till x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
he have set 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
in the earth: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and the isles 339
{0339} Prime
אִי
'iy
{ee}
From H0183; properly a habitable spot (as desirable); dry land, a coast, an island.
shall wait 3176
{3176} Prime
יָחַל
yachal
{yaw-chal'}
A primitive root; to wait; by implication to be patient, hope.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
for his law. 8451
{8451} Prime
תּוֹרָה
towrah
{to-raw'}
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 42:4

_ _ fail — faint; man in religion may become as the almost expiring flax-wick (Isaiah 42:3), but not so He in His purposes of grace.

_ _ discouraged — literally, “broken,” that is, checked in zeal by discouragements (compare Isaiah 49:4, Isaiah 49:5). Rosenmuller not so well translates, “He shall not be too slow on the one hand, nor run too hastily on the other.”

_ _ judgment — His true religion, the canon of His judgments and righteous reign.

_ _ isles ... wait, etc. — The distant lands beyond sea shall put their trust in His gospel way of salvation. Matthew 12:21 virtually gives the sense, with the inspired addition of another aspect of the same thing, “In his name shall the Gentiles trust” (as “wait for” here means, Isaiah 30:18). “His law” is not something distinct from Himself, but is indeed Himself, the manifestation of God’s character (“name”) in Christ, who is the embodiment of the law (Isaiah 42:21; Jeremiah 23:6; Romans 10:4). “Isles” here, and in Isaiah 42:12, may refer to the fact that the populations of which the Church was primarily formed were Gentiles of the countries bordering on the Mediterranean.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 42:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 42:4

'Till — 'Till he has established his law or doctrine, among the nations of the earth. Isles — The countries remote from Judea, shall gladly receive his doctrine.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 42:4

He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he hath (i) set judgment in the earth: and the (k) isles shall wait for his law.

(i) Till he has set all things in good order.

(k) The Gentiles will desire to receive his doctrine.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall not:

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 49:5-10 And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb [to be] his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength. ... They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Isaiah 52:13-15 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. ... So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for [that] which had not been told them shall they see; and [that] which they had not heard shall they consider.
Isaiah 53:2-12 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him. ... Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
John 17:4-5 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. ... And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
Hebrews 12:2-4 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. ... Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
1 Peter 2:22-24 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: ... Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

discouraged:
Heb. broken

and the isles:

Isaiah 42:12 Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.
Isaiah 2:2-4 And it shall come to pass in the last days, [that] the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. ... And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
Isaiah 11:9-12 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. ... And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
Isaiah 24:15-16 Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, [even] the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea. ... From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, [even] glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
Isaiah 41:5 The isles saw [it], and feared; the ends of the earth were afraid, drew near, and came.
Isaiah 55:5 Behold, thou shalt call a nation [that] thou knowest not, and nations [that] knew not thee shall run unto thee because of the LORD thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.
Isaiah 60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Psalms 22:27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
Psalms 72:8-11 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth. ... Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him.
Psalms 98:2-3 The LORD hath made known his salvation: his righteousness hath he openly shewed in the sight of the heathen. ... He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
Micah 4:1-3 But in the last days it shall come to pass, [that] the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. ... And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
Zechariah 2:11 And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.
Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
1 Corinthians 9:21 To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:10. Ps 22:27; 72:8; 98:2. Is 2:2; 9:7; 11:9; 24:15; 41:5; 42:12; 49:5; 52:13; 53:2; 55:5; 60:9; 66:19. Mi 4:1. Zc 2:11. Jn 17:4. Ro 16:26. 1Co 9:21. He 12:2. 1P 2:22.

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