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Isaiah 41:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But thou, Israel, my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But thou, Israel, [art] my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But you, Israel, My servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, Descendant of Abraham My friend,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But thou, Israel, [art] my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But thou, Israel, my servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham, my friend
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, thou, Israel, my Servant, Jacob whom I have chosen,—The seed of Abraham, my loving one;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— —And thou, O Israel, My servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, Seed of Abraham, My lover,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But thou Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But thou Israel, [art] my seruant, Iacob whom I haue chosen, the seede of Abraham my friend.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But thou, Israel, art my servant Jacob, and he whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham{gr.Abraam}, whom I have loved:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But thou, Yisrael, [art] my servant, Yaaqov whom I have chosen, the seed of Avraham my friend.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But thou, x859
(0859) Complement
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
[art] my servant, 5650
{5650} Prime
From H5647; a servant.
Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
whom x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
I have chosen, 977
{0977} Prime
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the seed 2233
{2233} Prime
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
of Avrhm אַברָהָם 85
{0085} Prime
Contracted from H0001 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram.
my friend. 157
{0157} Prime
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 41:8

_ _ Contrast between the idolatrous nations whom God will destroy by Cyrus, and Israel whom God will deliver by the same man for their forefathers’ sake.

_ _ servant — so termed as being chosen by God to worship Him themselves, and to lead other peoples to do the same (Isaiah 45:4).

_ _ Jacob ... chosen — (Psalms 135:4).

_ _ my friend — literally, “loving me.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 41:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 41:8

But thou, Israel, [art] my (i) servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.

(i) And therefore ought not to pollute yourself with the superstition of the Gentiles.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 43:1 But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called [thee] by thy name; thou [art] mine.
Isaiah 44:1-2 Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen: ... Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, [which] will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.
Isaiah 44:21 Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou [art] my servant: I have formed thee; thou [art] my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.
Isaiah 48:12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I [am] he; I [am] the first, I also [am] the last.
Isaiah 49:3 And said unto me, Thou [art] my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
Exodus 19:5-6 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: ... And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
Leviticus 25:42 For they [are] my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen.
Deuteronomy 7:6-8 For thou [art] an holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that [are] upon the face of the earth. ... But because the LORD loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 10:15 Only the LORD had a delight in thy fathers to love them, and he chose their seed after them, [even] you above all people, as [it is] this day.
Deuteronomy 14:2 For thou [art] an holy people unto the LORD thy God, and the LORD hath chosen thee to be a peculiar people unto himself, above all the nations that [are] upon the earth.
Psalms 33:12 Blessed [is] the nation whose God [is] the LORD; [and] the people [whom] he hath chosen for his own inheritance.
Psalms 105:6 O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen.
Psalms 105:42-45 For he remembered his holy promise, [and] Abraham his servant. ... That they might observe his statutes, and keep his laws. Praise ye the LORD.
Psalms 135:4 For the LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himself, [and] Israel for his peculiar treasure.
Jeremiah 33:24 Considerest thou not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families which the LORD hath chosen, he hath even cast them off? thus they have despised my people, that they should be no more a nation before them.

the seed:

Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.
John 8:33-44 They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? ... Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Romans 4:12-13 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which [he had] being [yet] uncircumcised. ... For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, [was] not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
Romans 9:4-8 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises; ... That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these [are] not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Galatians 4:22-31 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. ... So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

my friend:

2 Chronicles 20:7 [Art] not thou our God, [who] didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever?
John 15:14-15 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. ... Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.
James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 19:5. Lv 25:42. Dt 7:6; 10:15; 14:2. 2Ch 20:7. Ps 33:12; 105:6, 42; 135:4. Is 43:1; 44:1, 21; 48:12; 49:3. Jr 33:24. Mt 3:9. Jn 8:33; 15:14. Ro 4:12; 9:4. Ga 3:19; 4:22. Jm 2:23.

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