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Isaiah 41:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I have raised up one from the north, and he is come; from the rising of the sun one that calleth upon my name: and he shall come upon rulers as upon mortar, and as the potter treadeth clay.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I have raised up [one] from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as [upon] morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I have aroused one from the north, and he has come; From the rising of the sun he will call on My name; And he will come upon rulers as [upon] mortar, Even as the potter treads clay.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I have raised up [one] from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as [upon] mortar, and as the potter treadeth clay.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come,—from the rising of the sun, he who will call upon my name; and he shall come upon princes as on mortar, and as the potter treadeth clay.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I have roused up one from the North, and he hath come, From the rising of the sun, calleth he on my Name,—And he hath come, on deputies, as though they were mortar, And, as a potter, treadeth clay.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have stirred up [one] from the north, And he cometh, From the rising of the sun he calleth in My name, And he cometh in [on] prefects as [on] clay, And as a potter treadeth down mire.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come from the rising of the sun: he shall call upon my name, and he shall make princes to be as dirt, and as the potter treading clay.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I haue raised vp [one] from the North, and he shall come: from the rising of the Sunne shall he call vpon my name, and he shall come [vpon] princes as vpon morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But I have raised up him that [comes] from the north, and him that [comes] from the rising of the sun: they shall be called by my name: let the princes come, and as potter's clay, and as a potter treading clay, so shall ye be trodden down.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I have raised up [one] from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as [upon] morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I have raised up 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[one] from the north, 6828
{6828} Prime
צָפוֹן
tsaphown
{tsaw-fone'}
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and he shall come: 857
{0857} Prime
אָתָה
'athah
{aw-thaw'}
A primitive root (collateral to H0225 contracted); to arrive.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from the rising 4217
{4217} Prime
מִזְרָח
mizrach
{miz-rawkh'}
From H2224; sunrise, that is, the east.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
shall he call 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon my name: 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
and he shall come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon princes 5461
{5461} Prime
סָגָן
cagan
{saw-gawn'}
From an unused root meaning to superintend; a proefect of a province.
as x3644
(3644) Complement
כְמוֹ
k@mow
{kem-o'}
A form of the prefix K, but used separately (compare H3651); as, thus, so.
[upon] morter, 2563
{2563} Prime
חֹמֶר
chomer
{kho'-mer}
From H2560; properly a bubbling up, that is, of water, a wave; of earth, mire or clay (cement); also a heap; hence a chomer or dry measure.
and as x3644
(3644) Complement
כְמוֹ
k@mow
{kem-o'}
A form of the prefix K, but used separately (compare H3651); as, thus, so.
the potter 3335
{3335} Prime
יָצַר
yatsar
{yaw-tsar'}
probably identical with H3334 (through the squeezing into shape); (compare H3331); to mould into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively to determine (that is, form a resolution).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
treadeth 7429
{7429} Prime
רָמַס
ramac
{raw-mas'}
A primitive root; to tread upon (as a potter, in walking or abusively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
clay. 2916
{2916} Prime
טִיט
tiyt
{teet}
From an unused root meaning apparently to be sticky (rather perhaps a denominative from H2894, through the idea of dirt to be swept away); mud or clay; figuratively calamity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 41:25

_ _ raised up — in purpose: not fulfilled till a hundred fifty years afterwards.

_ _ north — In Isaiah 41:2, “from the East”; both are true: see the note there.

_ _ call ... my name — acknowledge Me as God, and attribute his success to Me; this he did in the proclamation (Ezra 1:2). This does not necessarily imply that Cyrus renounced idolatry, but hearing of Isaiah’s prophecy given a hundred fifty years before, so fully realized in his own acts, he recognized God as the true God, but retained his idol (so Naaman, 2 Kings 5:1-27; compare 2 Kings 17:33, 2 Kings 17:41; Daniel 3:28; Daniel 4:1-3, Daniel 4:34-37).

_ _ princes — the Babylonian satraps or governors of provinces.

_ _ mortar — “mire”; He shall tread them under foot as dirt (Isaiah 10:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 41:21-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 41:25

Raised — Cyrus, might be said to come from the north, because he was a Mede by his mother, as he was a Persian by his father; or because a great part of his army was gathered out of Media, which was northward, in reference to Judea, and because Darius the Mede was joined with him in this expedition. Proclaim — This Cyrus did in express, emphatical terms, Ezra 1:1-2. As on mortar — Treading them down, as easily as a man treads down mortar.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 41:25

I have raised up [one] from the north, (t) and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he (u) call upon my name: and he shall come upon (x) princes as [upon] morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.

(t) Meaning, the Chaldeans.

(u) That is, Cyrus, who will do all things in my name and by my direction: by which he means that both their captivity and deliverance will be ordered by God's providence and appointment.

(x) Both of the Chaldeans and others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I have:
Jehovah here, by the mouth of the prophet, predicts the victories of Cyrus over the Chaldeans and their allies, at least 150 years before the event, as one instance of his foreknowledge and invincible power. Media lay north of Babylon, and Persia eastward; and Cyrus commanded the forces of both these nations; and, by his wonderful success, he trampled down mighty monarchs as mortar, and as the potter treads the clay.

raised:

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Isaiah 44:28 That saith of Cyrus, [He is] my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
Isaiah 45:1-6 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; ... That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that [there is] none beside me. I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else.
Isaiah 45:13 I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.
Isaiah 46:10-11 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times [the things] that are not [yet] done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure: ... Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken [it], I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed [it], I will also do it.
Jeremiah 51:27-29 Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers. ... And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.

shall he call:

Ezra 1:2-3 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem, which [is] in Judah. ... Who [is there] among you of all his people? his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which [is] in Judah, and build the house of the LORD God of Israel, (he [is] the God,) which [is] in Jerusalem.

come upon:

Isaiah 41:2 Who raised up the righteous [man] from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made [him] rule over kings? he gave [them] as the dust to his sword, [and] as driven stubble to his bow.
Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
2 Samuel 22:43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, [and] did spread them abroad.
Micah 7:10 Then [she that is] mine enemy shall see [it], and shame shall cover her which said unto me, Where is the LORD thy God? mine eyes shall behold her: now shall she be trodden down as the mire of the streets.
Zechariah 10:5 And they shall be as mighty [men], which tread down [their enemies] in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight, because the LORD [is] with them, and the riders on horses shall be confounded.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 22:43. Ezr 1:2. Is 10:6; 21:2; 41:2; 44:28; 45:1, 13; 46:10. Jr 51:27. Mi 7:10. Zc 10:5.

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