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Isaiah 40:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The voice of one saying, Cry. And one said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh [is] grass, and all the goodliness thereof [is] as the flower of the field:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A voice says, “Call out.” Then he answered, “What shall I call out?” All flesh is grass, and all its loveliness is like the flower of the field.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh [is] grass, and all its goodliness [is] as the flower of the field:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A voice saith, Cry. And he saith, What shall I cry?—All flesh is grass, and all the comeliness thereof as the flower of the field.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A voice saying, Cry! And one said—What, should I cry? All flesh, is grass, And, all the grace thereof, like the flower of the field:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A voice is saying, 'Call,' And he said, 'What do I call?' All flesh [is] grass, and all its goodliness [is] As a flower of the field:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The voice of one, saying: Cry. And I said: What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the glory thereof as the flower of the field.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The voyce sayd; Cry. And hee sayd; What shall I cry? All flesh [is] grasse, and all the goodlinesse thereof [is] as the flowre of the field.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The voice of one saying, Cry; and I said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh [is] grass, and all the goodliness thereof [is] as the flower of the field:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Cry. 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
And he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
What x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
shall I cry? 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
All x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
flesh 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
[is] grass, 2682
{2682} Prime
חָצִיר
chatsiyr
{khaw-tseer'}
Perhaps originally the same as H2681, from the greenness of a courtyard; grass; also a leek (collectively).
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the goodliness 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
thereof [is] as the flower 6731
{6731} Prime
צִיץ
tsiyts
{tseets}
From H6692; properly glistening, that is, a burnished plate; also a flower (as bright colored); a wing (as gleaming in the air).
of the field: 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 40:6

_ _ The voice — the same divine herald as in Isaiah 40:3.

_ _ he — one of those ministers or prophets (see on Isaiah 40:1) whose duty it was, by direction of “the voice,” to “comfort the Lord’s afflicted people with the promises of brighter days.”

_ _ All flesh is grass — The connection is, “All human things, however goodly, are transitory: God’s promises alone steadfast” (Isaiah 40:8, Isaiah 40:15, Isaiah 40:17, Isaiah 40:23, Isaiah 40:24); this contrast was already suggested in Isaiah 40:5, “All flesh ... the mouth of the Lord.1 Peter 1:24, 1 Peter 1:25 applies this passage distinctly to the gospel word of Messiah (compare John 12:24; James 1:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 40:3-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 40:6

Cry — God speaks unto his ministers. He — The prophet. All flesh — The prophet having foretold glorious things, confirms the certainty of them, by representing the vast difference between the nature, and word, and work of men and of God. All that men are or have, yea, their highest accomplishments, are but like the grass of the field, weak and vanishing, soon nipt and brought to nothing; but God's word is like himself, immutable and irresistible: and therefore as the mouth of the Lord, and not of man, hath spoken these things, so doubt not but they shall be fulfilled.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 40:6

The (i) voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh [is] grass, and all its (k) beauty [is] as the flower of the field:

(i) The voice of God which spoke to the prophet Isaiah.

(k) Meaning, all man's wisdom and natural powers, (James 1:10; 1 Peter 1:24).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Cry:

Isaiah 40:3 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Isaiah 58:1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.
Isaiah 61:1-2 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; ... To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
Jeremiah 2:2 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown.
Jeremiah 31:6 For there shall be a day, [that] the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion unto the LORD our God.
Hosea 5:8 Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah, [and] the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud [at] Bethaven, after thee, O Benjamin.

All flesh:

Isaiah 37:27 Therefore their inhabitants [were] of small power, they were dismayed and confounded: they were [as] the grass of the field, and [as] the green herb, [as] the grass on the housetops, and [as corn] blasted before it be grown up.
Job 14:2 He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.
Psalms 90:5-6 Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are [as] a sleep: in the morning [they are] like grass [which] groweth up. ... In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth.
Psalms 92:7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; [it is] that they shall be destroyed for ever:
Psalms 102:11 My days [are] like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.
Psalms 103:15-16 [As for] man, his days [are] as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth. ... For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more.
James 1:10-11 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away. ... For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
1 Peter 1:24 For all flesh [is] as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 14:2. Ps 90:5; 92:7; 102:11; 103:15. Is 12:6; 37:27; 40:3; 58:1; 61:1. Jr 2:2; 31:6. Ho 5:8. Jm 1:10. 1P 1:24.

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