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Isaiah 40:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Lift up your eyes on high, and see who hath created these, that bringeth out their host by number; he calleth them all by name; by the greatness of his might, and for that he is strong in power, not one is lacking.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these [things], that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that [he is] strong in power; not one faileth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Lift up your eyes on high And see who has created these [stars], The One who leads forth their host by number, He calls them all by name; Because of the greatness of His might and the strength of [His] power, Not one [of them] is missing.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these [things], that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names, by the greatness of his might, for that [he] is strong in power; not one faileth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Lift up your eyes on high, and see! Who hath created these things, bringing out their host by number? He calleth them all by name; through the greatness of his might and strength of power, not one faileth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lift on high, your eyes—and see, who, hath created these, That bringeth forth, by number, their host,—To all of them, by name, doth call, Because of the abundance of vigour and alertness of strength, not one, is missing!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lift up on high your eyes, And see—who hath prepared these? He who is bringing out by number their host, To all of them by name He calleth, By abundance of strength (And [he is] strong in power) not one is lacking.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Lift up your eyes on high, and see who hath created these things: who bringeth out their host by number, and calleth them all by their names: by the greatness of his might, and strength, and power, not one of them was missing.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Lift vp your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names, by the greatnesse of his might, for that hee [is] strong in power, not one faileth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Lift up your eyes on high, and see, who has displayed all these things? [even] he that brings forth his host by number: he shall call them all by name by [means of his] great glory, and by the power of his might: nothing has escaped thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these [things], that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that [he is] strong in power; not one faileth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Lift up 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
your eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
on high, 4791
{4791} Prime
מָרוֹם
marowm
{maw-rome'}
From H7311; altitude, that is, concretely (an elevated place), abstractly (elevation), fig (elation), or adverbial (aloft).
and behold 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
hath created 1254
{1254} Prime
בּרא
bara'
{baw-raw'}
A primitive root; (absolutely) to create; (qualified) to cut down (a wood), select, feed (as formative processes).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[things], that bringeth out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
their host 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
by number: 4557
{4557} Prime
מִסְפָּר
micpar
{mis-pawr'}
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
he calleth 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
by names 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
by the greatness 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of his might, 202
{0202} Prime
אוֹן
'own
{one}
Probably from the same as H0205 (in the sense of effort, but successful); ability, power, (figuratively) wealth.
for that [he is] strong 533
{0533} Prime
אַמִּיץ
'ammiyts
{am-meets'}
From H0553; strong or (abstractly) strength.
in power; 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
one 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
faileth. 5737
{5737} Prime
עָדַר
`adar
{aw-dar'}
A primitive root; to arrange, as a battle, a vineyard (to hoe); hence to muster, and so to miss (or find wanting).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 40:26

_ _ bringeth out ... host — image from a general reviewing his army: He is Lord of Sabaoth, the heavenly hosts (Job 38:32).

_ _ calleth ... by names — numerous as the stars are. God knows each in all its distinguishing characteristics — a sense which “name” often bears in Scripture; so in Genesis 2:19, Genesis 2:20, Adam, as God’s vicegerent, called the beasts by name, that is, characterized them by their several qualities, which, indeed, He has imparted.

_ _ by the greatness ... faileth — rather, “by reason of abundance of (their inner essential) force and firmness of strength, not one of them is driven astray”; referring to the sufficiency of the physical forces with which He has endowed the heavenly bodies, to prevent all disorder in their motions [Horsley]. In English Version the sense is, “He has endowed them with their peculiar attributes (‘names’) by the greatness of His might,” and the power of His strength (the better rendering, instead of, “for that He is strong”).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 40:18-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 40:26

Bringeth — That at first brought them out of nothing, and from day to day brings them forth, making them to rise and set in their appointed times. Faileth — Either to appear when he calls them; or to do the work to which he sends them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 40:26

Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these [things], that bringeth (b) out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that [he is] strong in power; not one faileth.

(b) Who has set in order the infinite number of the stars.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Lift:

Isaiah 51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Job 31:26-28 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking [in] brightness; ... This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judge: for I should have denied the God [that is] above.
Psalms 8:3-4 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; ... What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?
Psalms 19:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.

who hath:

Isaiah 44:24 Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I [am] the LORD that maketh all [things]; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
Isaiah 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these [things].
Isaiah 48:13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: [when] I call unto them, they stand up together.
Genesis 2:1-2 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. ... And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
Psalms 102:25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands.
Psalms 148:3-6 Praise ye him, sun and moon: praise him, all ye stars of light. ... He hath also stablished them for ever and ever: he hath made a decree which shall not pass.
Jeremiah 10:11-12 Thus shall ye say unto them, The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, [even] they shall perish from the earth, and from under these heavens. ... He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his discretion.
Colossians 1:16-17 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: ... And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

bringeth:

Psalms 147:4-5 He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by [their] names. ... Great [is] our Lord, and of great power: his understanding [is] infinite.

by the greatness:

Psalms 89:11-13 The heavens [are] thine, the earth also [is] thine: [as for] the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. ... Thou hast a mighty arm: strong is thy hand, [and] high is thy right hand.
Jeremiah 32:17-19 Ah Lord GOD! behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy great power and stretched out arm, [and] there is nothing too hard for thee: ... Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes [are] open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:1. Dt 4:19. Jb 31:26. Ps 8:3; 19:1; 89:11; 102:25; 147:4; 148:3. Is 44:24; 45:7; 48:13; 51:6. Jr 10:11; 32:17. Col 1:16.

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