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Isaiah 40:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Yea, they have not been planted; yea, they have not been sown; yea, their stock hath not taken root in the earth: moreover he bloweth upon them, and they wither, and the whirlwind taketh them away as stubble.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Scarcely have they been planted, Scarcely have they been sown, Scarcely has their stock taken root in the earth, But He merely blows on them, and they wither, And the storm carries them away like stubble.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Yes, they shall not be planted; yes, they shall not be sown: yes, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Scarcely are they planted, scarcely are they sown, scarcely hath their stock taken root in the earth, but he also bloweth upon them and they wither, and the whirlwind taketh them away as stubble.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Scarcely have they been planted, Scarcely have they been sown, Scarcely hath their stock, begun to take root in the earth, When he hath just blown upon them, and they have withered, And, a whirlwind, as though they had been chaff, carrieth them away.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Yea, they have not been planted, Yea, they have not been sown, Yea, not taking root in the earth is their stock, And also He hath blown upon them, and they wither, And a whirlwind as stubble taketh them away.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And surely their stock was neither planted, nor sown, nor rooted in the earth: suddenly he hath blown upon them, and they are withered, and a whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yea they shal not be planted, yea they shall not be sowen, yea their stocke shall not take roote in the earth: and he shall also blow vpon them, & they shall wither, and the whirlewinde shall take them away as stubble.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For they shall not plant, neither shall they sow, neither shall their root be fixed in the ground: he has blown upon them, and they are withered, and a storm shall carry them away like sticks.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yea, x637
(0637) Complement
אַף
'aph
{af}
A primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjugation); also or yea; adversatively though.
they shall not x1077
(1077) Complement
בַּל
bal
{bal}
From H1086; properly a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverbially) not at all; also lest.
be planted; 5193
{5193} Prime
נָטַע
nata`
{naw-tah'}
A primitive root; properly to strike in, that is, fix; specifically to plant (literally or figuratively).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
yea, x637
(0637) Complement
אַף
'aph
{af}
A primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjugation); also or yea; adversatively though.
they shall not x1077
(1077) Complement
בַּל
bal
{bal}
From H1086; properly a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverbially) not at all; also lest.
be sown: 2232
{2232} Prime
זָרַע
zara`
{zaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to sow; figuratively to disseminate, plant, fructify.
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
yea, x637
(0637) Complement
אַף
'aph
{af}
A primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjugation); also or yea; adversatively though.
their stock 1503
{1503} Prime
גֵּזַע
geza`
{geh'-zah}
From an unused root meaning to cut down (trees); the trunk or stump of a tree (as felled or as planted).
shall not x1077
(1077) Complement
בַּל
bal
{bal}
From H1086; properly a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverbially) not at all; also lest.
take root 8327
{8327} Prime
שָׁרַשׁ
sharash
{shaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to root, that is, strike into the soil, or (by implication) to pluck from it.
z8782
<8782> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 11
in the earth: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and he shall also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
blow 5398
{5398} Prime
נָשַׁף
nashaph
{naw-shaf'}
A primitive root; to breeze, that is, blow up fresh (as the wind).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
upon them, and they shall wither, 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and the whirlwind 5591
{5591} Prime
סַעַר
ca`ar
{sah'-ar}
From H5590; a hurricane.
shall take y5375
[5375] Standard
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them away x5375
(5375) Complement
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
as stubble. 7179
{7179} Prime
קַשׁ
qash
{kash}
From H7197; straw (as dry).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 40:24

_ _ they — the “princes and judges” (Isaiah 40:23) who oppose God’s purposes and God’s people. Often compared to tall trees (Psalms 37:35; Daniel 4:10).

_ _ not ... sown — the seed, that is, race shall become extinct (Nahum 1:14).

_ _ stock — not even shall any shoots spring up from the stump when the tree has been cut down: no descendants whatever (Job 14:7; see on Isaiah 11:1).

_ _ and ... also — so the Septuagint. But Maurer translates, “They are hardly (literally, ‘not yet’, as in 2 Kings 20:4) planted (etc.) when He (God) blows upon them.”

_ _ blow — The image is from the hot east wind (simoon) that “withers” vegetation.

_ _ whirlwind ... stubble — (Psalms 83:13), where, “like a wheel,” refers to the rotatory action of the whirlwind on the stubble.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 40:18-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 40:24

Sown — They shall take no root, for planting and sowing are in order to taking root. They shall not continue and flourish, as they have vainly imagined, but shall be rooted up and perish.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 40:24

Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also (a) blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.

(a) So that his power appears in every place we turn our eyes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they shall not be planted:

Isaiah 14:21-22 Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities. ... For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith the LORD.
Isaiah 17:11 In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: [but] the harvest [shall be] a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
1 Kings 21:21-22 Behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will take away thy posterity, and will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel, ... And will make thine house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah, for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked [me] to anger, and made Israel to sin.
2 Kings 10:11 So Jehu slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks, and his priests, until he left him none remaining.
Job 15:30-33 He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away. ... He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine, and shall cast off his flower as the olive.
Job 18:16-19 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off. ... He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.
Jeremiah 22:30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man [that] shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.
Nahum 1:14 And the LORD hath given a commandment concerning thee, [that] no more of thy name be sown: out of the house of thy gods will I cut off the graven image and the molten image: I will make thy grave; for thou art vile.

he shall also:

Isaiah 40:7 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people [is] grass.
Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Isaiah 30:33 For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
Isaiah 37:7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.
2 Samuel 22:16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
Job 4:9 By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.
Haggai 1:9 Ye looked for much, and, lo, [it came] to little; and when ye brought [it] home, I did blow upon it. Why? saith the LORD of hosts. Because of mine house that [is] waste, and ye run every man unto his own house.

and the:

Isaiah 17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
Isaiah 41:16 Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Job 21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.
Psalms 58:9 Before your pots can feel the thorns, he shall take them away as with a whirlwind, both living, and in [his] wrath.
Proverbs 1:27 When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you.
Jeremiah 23:19 Behold, a whirlwind of the LORD is gone forth in fury, even a grievous whirlwind: it shall fall grievously upon the head of the wicked.
Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff [that] is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
Hosea 13:15 Though he be fruitful among [his] brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of the LORD shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall spoil the treasure of all pleasant vessels.
Zechariah 7:14 But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.
Zechariah 9:14 And the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the Lord GOD shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 22:16. 1K 21:21. 2K 10:11. Jb 4:9; 15:30; 18:16; 21:18. Ps 58:9. Pv 1:27. Is 11:4; 14:21; 17:11, 13; 30:33; 37:7; 40:7; 41:16. Jr 22:30; 23:19. Ho 13:3, 15. Na 1:14. Hg 1:9. Zc 7:14; 9:14.

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