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Isaiah 40:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [It is] he that sitteth above the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [It is] he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof [are] as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [It is] he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants [are] as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [It is] he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a gauze curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— It is he who sitteth upon the circle of the earth, While, the inhabitants thereof, are, as grasshoppers,—Who stretcheth forth, as a curtain, the heavens, And spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He who is sitting on the circle of the earth, And its inhabitants [are] as grasshoppers, He who is stretching out as a thin thing the heavens, And spreadeth them as a tent to dwell in.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— It is he that sitteth upon the globe of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as locusts: he that stretcheth out the heavens as nothing, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [It is] he that sitteth vpon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof [are] as grashoppers; that stretcheth out the heauens as a curtaine, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwel in:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [It is] he that comprehends the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants in it are as grasshoppers; he that set up the heaven as a chamber, and stretched [it] out as a tent to dwell in:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [It is] he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof [are] as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[It is] he that sitteth 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the circle 2329
{2329} Prime
חוּג
chuwg
{khoog}
From H2328; a circle.
of the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and the inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
thereof [are] as grasshoppers; 2284
{2284} Prime
חָגָב
chagab
{khaw-gawb'}
Of uncertain derivation; a locust.
that stretcheth out 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the heavens 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
as a curtain, 1852
{1852} Prime
דֹּק
doq
{doke}
From H1854; something crumbling, that is, fine (as a thin cloth).
and spreadeth them out 4969
{4969} Prime
מָתַח
mathach
{maw-thakh'}
A primitive root; to stretch out.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
as a tent 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
to dwell in: 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 40:22

_ _ It is he — rather, connected with last verse, “Have ye not known?” — have ye not understood Him that sitteth ...? (Isaiah 40:26) [Maurer].

_ _ circle — applicable to the globular form of the earth, above which, and the vault of sky around it, He sits. For “upon” translate “above.”

_ _ as grasshoppers — or locusts in His sight (Numbers 13:33), as He looks down from on high (Psalms 33:13, Psalms 33:14; Psalms 113:4-6).

_ _ curtain — referring to the awning which the Orientals draw over the open court in the center of their houses as a shelter in rain or hot weather.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 40:18-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 40:22

Sitteth — Far above this round earth, even in the highest heavens; from whence he looketh down upon the earth, where men appear to him like grasshoppers. As here we have the circle of the earth, so elsewhere we read of the circle of heaven, Job 22:14, and of the circle of the deep, or sea, Proverbs 8:27, because the form of the heaven, and earth and sea is circular. Spreadeth — For the benefit of the earth and of mankind, that all parts might partake of its comfortable influences.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
It is he that sitteth:
or, Him that sitteth, etc.
Isaiah 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
Isaiah 66:1 Thus saith the LORD, The heaven [is] my throne, and the earth [is] my footstool: where [is] the house that ye build unto me? and where [is] the place of my rest?
Psalms 2:4 He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.
Psalms 29:10 The LORD sitteth upon the flood; yea, the LORD sitteth King for ever.
Psalms 68:33 To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, [which were] of old; lo, he doth send out his voice, [and that] a mighty voice.

the inhabitants:

Isaiah 40:15 Behold, the nations [are] as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance: behold, he taketh up the isles as a very little thing.
Isaiah 40:17 All nations before him [are] as nothing; and they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity.
Numbers 13:33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, [which come] of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

stretcheth:

Isaiah 42:5 Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:
Isaiah 44:24 Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I [am] the LORD that maketh all [things]; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
Isaiah 51:13 And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where [is] the fury of the oppressor?
Job 9:8 Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.
Job 37:18 Hast thou with him spread out the sky, [which is] strong, [and] as a molten looking glass?
Job 38:4-9 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding. ... When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,
Psalms 102:25-26 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands. ... They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:
Psalms 104:2 Who coverest [thyself] with light as [with] a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
Jeremiah 10:12 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his discretion.
Zechariah 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.
Hebrews 1:10-12 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: ... And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

as a curtain:
Or, "as a thin veil," as Bp. Lowth renders; which he illustrates by the following passage from Dr. Shaw. "It is usual in the summer season, and upon all occasions when a large company is to be received, to have the court sheltered from heat, or inclemency of the weather by a velum umbrella, or veil, as I shall call it; which, being expanded on ropes from one end of the parapet to the other, may be folded or unfolded at pleasure. The Psalmist seems to allude to some covering of this kind, in that beautiful expression of spreading out the heavens as a curtain."
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 13:33. Jb 9:8; 37:18; 38:4. Ps 2:4; 29:10; 68:33; 102:25; 104:2. Is 19:1; 40:15, 17; 42:5; 44:24; 51:13; 66:1. Jr 10:12. Zc 12:1. He 1:10.

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