Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Isaiah 40:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The image, a workman hath cast [it], and the goldsmith overlayeth it with gold, and casteth [for it] silver chains.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [As for] the idol, a craftsman casts it, A goldsmith plates it with gold, And a silversmith [fashions] chains of silver.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The workman casteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains [for it].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The image, hath been cast by an artificer, And, a goldsmith, with gold, overlayeth it,—And, chains of silver, he worketh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The graven image poured out hath a artisan, And a refiner with gold spreadeth it over, And chains of silver he is refining.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Hath the workman cast a graven statue? or hath the goldsmith formed it with gold, or the silversmith with plates of silver?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The workeman melteth a grauen image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it ouer with golde, and casteth siluer chaines.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Has not the artificer made an image, or the goldsmith having melted gold, gilt it over, [and] made it a similitude?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The workman 2796
{2796} Prime
חָרָשׁ
charash
{khaw-rawsh'}
From H2790; a fabricator of any material.
melteth 5258
{5258} Prime
נָסַךְ
nacak
{naw-sak'}
A primitive root; to pour out, especially a libation, or to cast (metal); by analogy to anoint a king.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a graven image, 6459
{6459} Prime
פֶּסֶל
pecel
{peh'-sel}
From H6458; an idol.
and the goldsmith 6884
{6884} Prime
צרף
tsaraph
{tsaw-raf'}
A primitive root; to fuse (metal), that is, refine (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
spreadeth y7554
[7554] Standard
רָקַע
raqa`
{raw-kah'}
A primitive root; to pound the earth (as a sign of passion); by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication to overlay (with thin sheets of metal).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
it over x7554
(7554) Complement
רָקַע
raqa`
{raw-kah'}
A primitive root; to pound the earth (as a sign of passion); by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication to overlay (with thin sheets of metal).
with gold, 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
and casteth 6884
{6884} Prime
צרף
tsaraph
{tsaw-raf'}
A primitive root; to fuse (metal), that is, refine (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
silver 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
chains. 7577
{7577} Prime
רְתוּקָה
r@thuqah
{reth-oo-kaw'}
Feminine passive participle of H7576; something fastened, that is, a chain.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 40:19

_ _ graven — rather, an image in general; for it is incongruous to say “melteth” (that is, casts out of metal) a graven image (that is, one of carved wood); so Jeremiah 10:14, “molten image.”

_ _ spreadeth it over — (See on Isaiah 30:22).

_ _ chains — an ornament lavishly worn by rich Orientals (Isaiah 3:18, Isaiah 3:19), and so transferred to their idols. Egyptian relics show that idols were suspended in houses by chains.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 40:18-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 40:19

Melteth — He melts metal into a mould, which afterwards is graven or carved to make it more exact.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 37:18-19 Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries, ... And have cast their gods into the fire: for they [were] no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them.
Isaiah 41:6-7 They helped every one his neighbour; and [every one] said to his brother, Be of good courage. ... So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, [and] he that smootheth [with] the hammer him that smote the anvil, saying, It [is] ready for the sodering: and he fastened it with nails, [that] it should not be moved.
Isaiah 44:10-12 Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image [that] is profitable for nothing? ... The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.
Isaiah 46:6-7 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, [and] hire a goldsmith; and he maketh it a god: they fall down, yea, they worship. ... They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, [one] shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.
Exodus 32:2-4 And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which [are] in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring [them] unto me. ... And he received [them] at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
Judges 17:4 Yet he restored the money unto his mother; and his mother took two hundred [shekels] of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven image and a molten image: and they were in the house of Micah.
Psalms 115:4-8 Their idols [are] silver and gold, the work of men's hands. ... They that make them are like unto them; [so is] every one that trusteth in them.
Psalms 135:15 The idols of the heathen [are] silver and gold, the work of men's hands.
Psalms 135:18 They that make them are like unto them: [so is] every one that trusteth in them.
Jeremiah 10:3-5 For the customs of the people [are] vain: for [one] cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe. ... They [are] upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also [is it] in them to do good.
Jeremiah 10:9 Silver spread into plates is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of the workman, and of the hands of the founder: blue and purple [is] their clothing: they [are] all the work of cunning [men].
Hosea 8:6 For from Israel [was] it also: the workman made it; therefore it [is] not God: but the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.
Habakkuk 2:18-19 What profiteth the graven image that the maker thereof hath graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies, that the maker of his work trusteth therein, to make dumb idols? ... Woe unto him that saith to the wood, Awake; to the dumb stone, Arise, it shall teach! Behold, it [is] laid over with gold and silver, and [there is] no breath at all in the midst of it.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:2. Jg 17:4. Ps 115:4; 135:15, 18. Is 37:18; 41:6; 44:10; 46:6. Jr 10:3, 9. Ho 8:6. Hab 2:18.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Isaiah 40:19.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Isaiah 40:19


Recent Chat Bible Comments