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Isaiah 40:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who hath directed the Spirit of Jehovah, or being his counsellor hath taught him?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] his counsellor hath taught him?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, Or as His counselor has informed Him?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] his counselor hath taught him?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who hath directed the Spirit of Jehovah, and, [as] his counsellor, hath taught him?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who, hath proved the spirit of Yahweh? Or, being his counselor, hath been giving him knowledge?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who hath meted out the Spirit of Jehovah, And, [being] His counsellor, doth teach Him!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who hath forwarded the spirit of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor, and hath taught him?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who hath directed the spirit of the LORD, or, being his counseller, hath taught him?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who has known the mind of the Lord? and who has been his counsellor, to instruct him?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Who hath directed the Spirit of Yahweh, or [being] his counsellor hath taught him?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who x4310
(4310) Complement
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
hath directed 8505
{8505} Prime
A primitive root; to balance, that is, measure out (by weight or dimension); figuratively to arrange, equalize, through the idea of levelling (mentally estimate, test).
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the Spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
or [being] his counsellor 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
{6098} Prime
From H3289; advice; by implication plan; also prudence.
hath taught 3045
{3045} Prime
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 40:13

_ _ Quoted in Romans 11:34; 1 Corinthians 2:16. The Hebrew here for “directed” is the same as in Isaiah 40:12 for “meted out”; thus the sense is, “Jehovah measures out heaven with His span”; but who can measure Him? that is, Who can search out His Spirit (mind) wherewith He searches out and accurately adjusts all things? Maurer rightly takes the Hebrew in the same sense as in Isaiah 40:12 (so Proverbs 16:2; Proverbs 21:2), “weigh,” “ponder.” “Direct,” as in English Version, answers, however, better to “taught” in the parallel clause.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 40:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 40:13

Who — Who did God either need or take to advise him in any of his works, either of creation or the government of the world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 40:13

Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] (s) his counsellor hath taught him?

(s) He shows God's infinite wisdom for the same.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hath directed:

Job 21:22 Shall [any] teach God knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high.
Job 36:22-23 Behold, God exalteth by his power: who teacheth like him? ... Who hath enjoined him his way? or who can say, Thou hast wrought iniquity?
Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and [he] to whom the Son will reveal [him].
John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Romans 11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
1 Corinthians 2:16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

his counsellor:
Heb. man of his counsel
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 21:22; 36:22. Lk 10:22. Jn 1:13. Ro 11:34. 1Co 2:16. Ep 1:11.

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