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Isaiah 40:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He will feed his flock like a shepherd, he will gather the lambs in his arm, and carry them in his bosom, [and] will gently lead those that have their young.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Like a shepherd He will tend His flock, In His arm He will gather the lambs And carry [them] in His bosom; He will gently lead the nursing [ewes].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He will feed his flock like a shepherd: he will gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] will gently lead those that are with young.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He will feed his flock like a shepherd: he will gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom; he will gently lead those that give suck.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Like a shepherd, his flock, will he tend, In his own arm, will he take up the lambs, And, in his own bosom, will he carry [them],—Them which are with young, will he lead to a place of rest.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As a shepherd His flock He feedeth, With His arm He gathereth lambs, And in His bosom He carrieth [them]: Suckling ones He leadeth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather together the lambs with his arm, and shall take them up in his bosom, and he himself shall carry them that are with young.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He shall feede his flocke like a shepheard: he shall gather the lambes with his arme; and carie [them] in his bosome, [and] shall gently lead those that are with yoong.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He shall tend his flock as a shepherd, and he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and shall soothe them that are with young.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He shall feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his flock 5739
{5739} Prime
עֵדֶר
`eder
{ay'-der}
From H5737; an arrangement, that is, muster (of animals).
like a shepherd: 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
he shall gather 6908
{6908} Prime
קָבַץ
qabats
{kaw-bats'}
A primitive root; to grasp, that is, collect.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the lambs 2922
{2922} Prime
טְלָה
t@la'
{tel-aw'}
Apparently from H2921 in the (original) sense of covering (for protection); a lamb (compare H2924).
with his arm, 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
and carry 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[them] in his bosom, 2436
{2436} Prime
חֵיק
cheyq
{khake}
From an unused root, apparently meaning to inclose; the bosom (literally or figuratively).
[and] shall gently lead 5095
{5095} Prime
נָהַל
nahal
{naw-hal'}
A primitive root; properly to run with a sparkle, that is, flow; hence (transitively) to conduct, and (by inference) to protect, sustain.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
those that are with young. 5763
{5763} Prime
עוּל
`uwl
{ool}
A primitive root; to suckle, that is, give milk.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 40:11

_ _ feed — including all a shepherd’s care — “tend” (Ezekiel 34:23; Psalms 23:1; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25).

_ _ carry — applicable to Messiah’s restoration of Israel, as sheep scattered in all lands, and unable to move of themselves to their own land (Psalms 80:1; Jeremiah 23:3). As Israel was “carried from the womb” (that is, in its earliest days) (Isaiah 63:9, Isaiah 63:11, Isaiah 63:12; Psalms 77:20), so it shall be in “old age” (that is, its latter days) (Isaiah 46:3, Isaiah 46:4).

_ _ gently lead — as a thoughtful shepherd does the ewes “giving suck” (Margin) (Genesis 33:13, Genesis 33:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 40:9-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 40:11

He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with (q) young.

(q) He will show his care and favour over them who are weak and tender.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
feed:

Isaiah 49:9-10 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places. ... They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Isaiah 63:11 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, [and] his people, [saying], Where [is] he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his holy Spirit within him?
Genesis 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
Psalms 23:1-6 [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD [is] my shepherd; I shall not want. ... Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.
Psalms 78:71-72 From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance. ... So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.
Psalms 80:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the cherubims, shine forth.
Ezekiel 34:12-14 As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep [that are] scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. ... I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and [in] a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel.
Ezekiel 34:23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Ezekiel 34:31 And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, [are] men, [and] I [am] your God, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 37:24 And David my servant [shall be] king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.
Micah 5:4 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.
John 10:11-16 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. ... And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, [and] one shepherd.
Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
1 Peter 2:25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.
1 Peter 5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

he shall gather:

Isaiah 42:3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
Genesis 33:13 And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children [are] tender, and the flocks and herds with young [are] with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die.
Ezekiel 34:16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.
John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. ... He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
1 Corinthians 3:1-2 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, [even] as unto babes in Christ. ... I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able.

shall gently lead:
A beautiful image, as Bp. Lowth remarks, expressive of the tender attention of the shepherd to his flock. That the greatest care in driving the cattle, in regard to the dams and their young, was necessary, appears clearly from Jacob's apology to his brother Esau,
Genesis 33:13 And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children [are] tender, and the flocks and herds with young [are] with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die.
; which is set in a still stronger light by the following remarks of Sir J. Chardin: "Their flocks feed down the places of their encampments so quick, by the great numbers that they have, that they are obliged to remove them often, which is very destructive to their flocks, on account of the young ones, who have not strength enough to follow."

are with young:
or, give suck
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 33:13; 49:24. Ps 23:1; 78:71; 80:1. Is 42:3; 49:9; 63:11. Ezk 34:12, 16, 23, 31; 37:24. Mi 5:4. Jn 10:11; 21:15. 1Co 3:1. He 13:20. 1P 2:25; 5:4. Rv 7:17.

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