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Isaiah 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah will create over the whole habitation of mount Zion, and over her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory [shall be spread] a covering.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory [shall be] a defence.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— then the LORD will create over the whole area of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud by day, even smoke, and the brightness of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory will be a canopy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory [shall be] a defense.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah will create over every dwelling-place of mount Zion, and over its convocations, a cloud by day and a smoke, and the brightness of a flame of fire by night: for over all the glory shall be a covering.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then will Yahweh, create—Over all the home of Mount Zion and, Over her assembly, A cloud by day, and a smoke, And the shining of a fire-flame, by night,—For, over all the glory, shall be a canopy;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then hath Jehovah prepared Over every fixed place of Mount Zion, And over her convocations, A cloud by day, and smoke, And the shining of a flaming fire by night, That, over all honour a safe-guard,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord will create upon every place of mount Sion, and where he is called upon, a cloud by day, and a smoke and the brightness of a flaming fire in the night: for over all the glory shall be a protection.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD will create vpon euery dwelling place of mount Zion, and vpon her assemblies a cloude, and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for vpon all the glory [shall be] a defence.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he shall come, and it shall be with regard to every place of mount Zion{gr.Sion}, yea, all the region round about it shall a cloud overshadow by day, and [there shall be] as it were the smoke and light of fire burning by night: and upon all the glory shall be a defence.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh will create upon every dwelling place of mount Tziyyon, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory [shall be] a defence.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
will create 1254
{1254} Prime
בּרא
bara'
{baw-raw'}
A primitive root; (absolutely) to create; (qualified) to cut down (a wood), select, feed (as formative processes).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
dwelling place 4349
{4349} Prime
מָכוֹן
makown
{maw-kone'}
From H3559; properly a fixture, that is, a basis; generally a place, especially as an abode.
of mount 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
Xiyyn צִיּוֹן, 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
and upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
her assemblies, 4744
{4744} Prime
מִקְרָא
miqra'
{mik-raw'}
From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the palce); also a rehearsal.
a cloud 6051
{6051} Prime
עֲנָן
`anan
{aw-nawn'}
From H6049; a cloud (as covering the sky), that is, the nimbus or thunder cloud.
and smoke 6227
{6227} Prime
עָשָׁן
`ashan
{aw-shawn'}
From H6225; smoke, literally or figuratively (vapor, dust, anger).
by day, 3119
{3119} Prime
יוֹמָם
yowmam
{yo-mawm'}
From H3117; daily.
and the shining 5051
{5051} Prime
נֹגַהּ
nogahh
{no'-gah}
From H5050; brilliancy (literally or figuratively).
of a flaming 3852
{3852} Prime
לֶהָבָה
lehabah
{leh-aw-baw'}
Feminine of H3851, and meaning the same.
fire 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
by night: 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the glory 3519
{3519} Prime
כָּבוֹד
kabowd
{kaw-bode'}
From H3513; properly weight; but only figuratively in a good sense, splendor or copiousness.
[shall be] a defence. 2646
{2646} Prime
חֻפָּה
chuppah
{khoop-paw'}
From H2645; a canopy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 4:5

_ _ create — The “new creation” needs as much God’s creative omnipotence, as the material creation (2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 2:10). So it shall be in the case of the Holy Jerusalem to come (Isaiah 65:17, Isaiah 65:18).

_ _ upon — The pillar of cloud stood over the tabernacle, as symbol of God’s favor and presence (Exodus 13:21, Exodus 13:22; Psalms 91:1). Both on individual families (“every dwelling”) and on the general sacred “assemblies” (Leviticus 23:2). The “cloud” became a “fire” by night in order to be seen by the Lord’s people.

_ _ upon all the glory — “upon the glorious whole”; namely, the Lord’s people and sanctuary [Maurer]. May it not mean, “Upon whatever the glory (the Shekinah spoken of in the previous clause) shall rest, there shall be a defense.” The symbol of His presence shall ensure also safety. So it was to Israel against the Egyptians at the Red Sea (Exodus 14:19, Exodus 14:20). So it shall be to literal Jerusalem hereafter (Zechariah 2:5). Also to the Church, the spiritual “Zion” (Isaiah 32:18; Isaiah 33:15-17; Hebrews 12:22).

_ _ tabernacle — Christ’s body (John 1:14). “The word ‘tabernacled’ (Greek for ‘dwelt’) among us” (John 2:21; Hebrews 8:2). It is a “shadow from the heat” and “refuge from the storm” of divine wrath against man’s sins (Isaiah 25:4). Heat and storms are violent in the East; so that a portable tent is a needful part of a traveler's outfit. Such shall be God’s wrath hereafter, from which the “escaped of Israel” shall be sheltered by Jesus Christ (Isaiah 26:20, Isaiah 26:21; Isaiah 32:2).

_ _ covert — answering to “defense” (Isaiah 4:5). The Hebrew for defense in Isaiah 4:5, is “covering”; the lid of the ark or mercy seat was named from the same Hebrew word, caphar; the propitiatory; for it, being sprinkled with blood by the high priest once a year, on the day of atonement, covered the people typically from wrath. Jesus Christ is the true Mercy Seat, on whom the Shekinah rested, the propitiatory, or atonement, beneath whom the law is kept, as it was literally within the ark, and man is covered from the storm. The redeemed Israel shall also be, by union with Him, a tabernacle for God’s glory, which, unlike that in the wilderness, shall not be taken down (Isaiah 38:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 4:2-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 4:5

Create — Will in a marvellous manner produce, as it were by a new creation. A cloud — A pillar of cloud and fire, like that wherewith he directed the Israelites, when they came out of Egypt: whereby he implies, that God would be their protector, and their glory. The glory — Upon all that church and people, which God will make so glorious; upon all holy assemblies of sincere Christians.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 4:5

And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, (h) a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the (i) glory [shall be] a defence.

(h) He alludes to the pillar of the cloud, (Exodus 13:21), meaning that God's favour and protection should appear in every place.

(i) The faithful are called the glory of God because his image and tokens of his grace shine in them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
upon every:

Isaiah 32:18 And my people shall dwell in a peaceable habitation, and in sure dwellings, and in quiet resting places;
Isaiah 33:20 Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle [that] shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken.
Psalms 87:2-3 The LORD loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. ... Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah.
Psalms 89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all [them that are] about him.
Psalms 111:1 Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with [my] whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and [in] the congregation.
Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.

a cloud:

Exodus 13:21-22 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: ... He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, [from] before the people.
Exodus 14:19-20 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: ... And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness [to them], but it gave light by night [to these]: so that the one came not near the other all the night.
Exodus 14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,
Exodus 40:34-38 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. ... For the cloud of the LORD [was] upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
Numbers 9:15-22 And on the day that the tabernacle was reared up the cloud covered the tabernacle, [namely], the tent of the testimony: and at even there was upon the tabernacle as it were the appearance of fire, until the morning. ... Or [whether it were] two days, or a month, or a year, that the cloud tarried upon the tabernacle, remaining thereon, the children of Israel abode in their tents, and journeyed not: but when it was taken up, they journeyed.
Nehemiah 9:12 Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
Psalms 78:14 In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire.
Zechariah 2:5-10 For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her. ... Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD.

upon:
or, above

all the glory:

Isaiah 31:4-5 For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, [he] will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof. ... As birds flying, so will the LORD of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver [it; and] passing over he will preserve it.
Isaiah 37:35 For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
Isaiah 46:13 I bring near my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salvation shall not tarry: and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel my glory.
Psalms 85:9 Surely his salvation [is] nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land.

a defence:
Heb. a covering,
Exodus 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle [with] ten curtains [of] fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: [with] cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.
Exodus 26:7 And thou shalt make curtains [of] goats' [hair] to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 13:21; 14:19, 24; 26:1, 7; 40:34. Nu 9:15. Ne 9:12. Ps 78:14; 85:9; 87:2; 89:7; 111:1. Is 31:4; 32:18; 33:20; 37:35; 46:13. Zc 2:5. Mt 18:20; 28:20.

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