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Isaiah 37:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Have the gods of the nations delivered them, which my fathers have destroyed, Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden that were in Telassar?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which [were] in Telassar?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Did the gods of those nations which my fathers have destroyed deliver them, [even] Gozan and Haran and Rezeph and the sons of Eden who [were] in Telassar?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden who [were] in Telassar?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Have the gods of the nations which my fathers have destroyed delivered them, Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden that were in Thelassar?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Did the gods of the nations, deliver them, whom my fathers destroyed,—Gozan, and Haran,—and Rezeph, and the sons of Eden, who were in Telassar?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Did the gods of the nations deliver them whom my fathers destroyed—Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the sons of Eden, who [are] in Telassar?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Have the gods of the nations delivered them whom my fathers have destroyed, Gozam, and Haram, and Reseph, and the children of Eden, that were in Thalassar?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haue the gods of the nations deliuered them which my fathers haue destroyed, [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which [were] in Telassar?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Have the gods of the nations which my fathers destroyed delivered them, both Gozan, and Haran{gr.Charrhan}, and Rapheth, which are in the land of Theemath?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Have the elohim of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, [as] Gozan, and Charan, and Retzef, and the children of Eden which [were] in Telassar?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Have the lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of the nations 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
delivered 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
them which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
my fathers 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
have destroyed, 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[as] x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Gzn גּוֹזָן, 1470
{1470} Prime
גּוֹזָן
Gowzan
{go-zawn'}
Probably from H1468; a quarry (as a place of cutting stones); Gozan, a province of Assyria.
and rn חָרָן, 2771
{2771} Prime
חָרָן
Charan
{kaw-rawn'}
From H2787; parched; Charan, the name of a man and also of a place.
and Rexef רֶצֶף, 7530
{7530} Prime
רֶצֶף
Retseph
{reh'-tsef}
The same as H7529; Retseph, a place in Assyria.
and the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `en עֵדֶן 5729
{5729} Prime
עֶדֶן
`Eden
{eh'-den}
From H5727; pleasure; Eden, a place in Mesopotamia.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] in Tla$$r תְּלַשָּׂר? 8515
{8515} Prime
תְּלַאשָּׂר
T@la'ssar
{tel-as-sar'}
Of foreign derivation; Telassar, a region of Assyria.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 37:12

_ _ Gozan — in Mesopotamia, on the Chabour (2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:11). Gozan is the name of the district, Chabour of the river.

_ _ Haran — more to the west. Abraham removed to it from Ur (Genesis 11:31); the Carroe of the Romans.

_ _ Rezeph — farther west, in Syria.

_ _ Eden — There is an ancient village, Adna, north of Baghdad. Some think Eden to be the name of a region (of Mesopotamia or its vicinity) in which was Paradise; Paradise was not Eden itself (Genesis 2:8). “A garden in Eden.”

_ _ Telassar — now Tel-afer, west of Mosul [Layard]. Tel means a “hill” in Arabic and Assyrian names.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 37:8-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 37:12

Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, [as] (i) Gozan, and (k) Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden who [were] in Telassar?

(i) Which was a city of the Medes.

(k) Called also Charre a city in Mesopotamia, from which Abraham came after his fathers death.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the gods:

Isaiah 36:20 Who [are they] among all the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?
Isaiah 46:5-7 To whom will ye liken me, and make [me] equal, and compare me, that we may be like? ... They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, [one] shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.

Gozan:

2 Kings 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor [by] the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
2 Kings 18:11 And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor [by] the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes:
2 Kings 19:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which [were] in Thelasar?

Haran:
Haran, the Carrhe of the Greeks and Romans, is situated in the north-west part of Mesopotamia, between the Euphrates and the river Chebar; about 110 miles west of Nisibis, 90 east of Bir, 100 south of Diarbekir, and 170 north of Palmyra.
Genesis 11:31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.
Genesis 12:14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she [was] very fair.
Genesis 28:10 And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran.
Genesis 29:4 And Jacob said unto them, My brethren, whence [be] ye? And they said, Of Haran [are] we.
Acts 7:2 And he said, Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran,

Eden:
It is probable that this Eden is the country near Diarbekir, on the Tigris, called Madon, according to Asseman.
Genesis 2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Ezekiel 27:23 Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, [and] Chilmad, [were] thy merchants.
Ezekiel 28:13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
Amos 1:5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.

Telassar:
Telassar is probably the same as Ellasar,
Genesis 14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;
, as the Jerusalem Targum reads; for both of which the Syriac has Dolassar; and perhaps, as Doederlein supposes, the same as Sharra, a city of Mesopotamia, half a mile from the Euphrates.
2 Kings 19:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which [were] in Thelasar?
, Thelasar
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Gn 2:8; 11:31; 12:14; 14:1; 28:10; 29:4. 2K 17:6; 18:11; 19:12. Is 36:20; 46:5. Ezk 27:23; 28:13. Am 1:5. Ac 7:2.

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