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Isaiah 36:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Where [are] the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? And when have they delivered Samaria from my hand?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Where [are] the gods of Hamath and Arpad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Where are the gods of Hamath and of Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Where, are the gods of Hamath, and Arpad? Where, are the gods of Sepharvaim? If indeed they had only delivered Samaria, out of my hand!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Where [are] the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where the gods of Sepharvaim, that they have delivered Samaria out of my hand?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Where is the god of Emath and of Arphad? where is the god of Sepharvaim? have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Where [are] the gods of Hamath, and Arphad? where [are] the gods of Sepharuaim? and haue they deliuered Samaria out of my hand?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Where is the god of Hamath{gr.Emath}, and Arphath? and where is the god of Eppharuaim? have they been able to deliver Samaria out of my hand?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Where [are] the elohim of Chamath and Arpad? where [are] the elohim of Sefarwayim? and have they delivered Shomron out of my hand?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Where x346
(0346) Complement
אַיֵּה
'ayeh
{ah-yay'}
Prolonged from H0335; where?.
[are] the lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of m חֲמָת 2574
{2574} Prime
חֲמָת
Chamath
{kham-awth'}
From the same as H2346; walled; Chamath, a place in Syria.
and Arp אַרפָּד? 774
{0774} Prime
אַרְפַּד
'Arpad
{ar-pawd'}
From H7502; spread out; Arpad, a place in Syria.
where x346
(0346) Complement
אַיֵּה
'ayeh
{ah-yay'}
Prolonged from H0335; where?.
[are] the lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of Sfarwayim סְפַרוַיִם? 5617
{5617} Prime
סְפַרְוַיִם
C@pharvayim
{sef-ar-vah'-yim}
Of foreign derivation; Sepharvajim or Sepharim, a place in Assyria.
and x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
have they delivered 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
mrn שֹׁמרוֹן 8111
{8111} Prime
שֹׁמְרוֹן
Shom@rown
{sho-mer-one'}
From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine.
out of my hand? 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 36:19

_ _ Hamath ... Arphad — (See on Isaiah 10:9).

_ _ Sepharvaim — literally, “the two scribes”; now Sipphara, on the east of Euphrates, above Babylon. It was a just retribution (Proverbs 1:31; Jeremiah 2:19). Israel worshipped the gods of Sepharvaim, and so colonists of Sepharvaim were planted in the land of Israel (thenceforth called Samaria) by the Assyrian conqueror (2 Kings 17:24; compare 2 Kings 18:34).

_ _ Samaria — Shalmaneser began the siege against Hoshea, because of his conspiring with So of Egypt (2 Kings 17:4). Sargon finished it; and, in his palace at Khorsabad, he has mentioned the number of Israelites carried captive — 27,280 [G. V. Smith].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 36:11-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 36:19

Where [are] the gods of (m) Hamath and Arphad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?

(m) That is, of Antioch in Syria, of which these two other cities also were: by which we see how every town had its peculiar idol, and how the wicked make God an idol because they do not understand that God makes them his scourge, and punishes cities for sin.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hamath:

Numbers 34:8 From mount Hor ye shall point out [your border] unto the entrance of Hamath; and the goings forth of the border shall be to Zedad:
2 Samuel 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Arphad:
The variation of Arphad and Arpad exists only in the translation; the original being uniformly ארפד [Strong's H0774].
Isaiah 10:9 [Is] not Calno as Carchemish? [is] not Hamath as Arpad? [is] not Samaria as Damascus?
Jeremiah 49:23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; [there is] sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.
, Arpad

Sepharvaim:
Calmet is of opinion that Sepharvaim was the capital of the Saspires, who, according to Herodotus, were the only people that inhabited between the Colchians and Medes; and probably the Sarapases, whom Strabo places in Armenia. Hiller considers the name as denoting Sephar of the Parvaim, i.e., Mount Sephar adjacent to the regions of Arabia called Parvaim. But it is more probable, as Wells and others suppose, that Sepharvaim is the Σιπφαρα, Sipphara, of Ptolemy, the Σιππαρηνων πολις, the city of the Sippareni, mentioned by Abydenus, and probably the Hipparenum of Pliny, a city of Mesopotamia, situated upon the Euphrates, near where it is divided into two arms, by one of which, it is probable, it was divided into two parts.
2 Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought [men] from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed [them] in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.

and have:

Isaiah 10:10-11 As my hand hath found the kingdoms of the idols, and whose graven images did excel them of Jerusalem and of Samaria; ... Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?
2 Kings 17:5-7 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. ... For [so] it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods,
2 Kings 18:10-12 And at the end of three years they took it: [even] in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that [is] the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken. ... Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed his covenant, [and] all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear [them], nor do [them].
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Nu 34:8. 2S 8:9. 2K 17:5, 24; 18:10. Is 10:9, 10. Jr 49:23.

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