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Isaiah 34:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sword of Jehovah is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams; for Jehovah hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and] with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, It is sated with fat, with the blood of lambs and goats, With the fat of the kidneys of rams. For the LORD has a sacrifice in Bozrah And a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and] with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sword of Jehovah is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams; for Jehovah hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A sword, hath Yahweh—Glutted with blood, Sated with fat,—With the blood of well-fed lambs, and he-goats, With the fat of the kidneys of rams,—For, a sacrifice, hath Yahweh, in Bozrah, Yea a great slaughter, in the land of Edom;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A sword [is] to Jehovah—it hath been full of blood, It hath been made fat with fatness, With blood of lambs and he-goats. With fat of kidneys of rams, For a sacrifice [is] to Jehovah in Bozrah, And a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sword of the Lord is filled with blood, it is made thick with the blood of lambs and buck goats, with the blood of rams full of marrow: for there is a victim of the Lord in Bosra and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatnesse, [and] with the blood of lambes and goates, with the fat of the kidneys of rammes: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sword of the Lord is filled with blood, it is glutted with fat, with the blood of goats and lambs, and with the fat of goats and rams: for the Lord has a sacrifice in Bezer{gr.Bosor}, and a great slaughter in Edom{gr.Idumea}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sword of Yahweh is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and] with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for Yahweh hath a sacrifice in Botzrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sword 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
is filled 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with blood, 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
it is made fat 1878
{1878} Prime
דָּשַׁן
dashen
{daw-shane'}
A primitive root; to be fat; transitively to fatten (or regard as fat); specifically to anoint; figuratively to satisfy; denominatively (from H1880) to remove (fat) ashes (of sacrifices).
z8719
<8719> Grammar
Stem - Hothpael (See H8826)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 6
with fatness, 2459
{2459} Prime
חֶלֶב
cheleb
{kheh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to be fat; fat, whether literally or figuratively; hence the richest or choice part.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[and] with the blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of lambs 3733
{3733} Prime
כַּר
kar
{kar}
From H3769 in the sense of plumpness; a ram (as full grown and fat), including a battering ram (as butting); hence a meadow (as for sheep); also a pad or camel's saddle (as puffed out).
and goats, 6260
{6260} Prime
עַתּוּד
`attuwd
{at-tood'}
From H6257; prepared, that is, full grown; spoken only (in plural) of he goats, or (figuratively) leaders of the people.
with the fat 2459
{2459} Prime
חֶלֶב
cheleb
{kheh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to be fat; fat, whether literally or figuratively; hence the richest or choice part.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the kidneys 3629
{3629} Prime
כִּלְיָה
kilyah
{kil-yaw'}
Feminine of H3627 (only in the plural); a kidney (as an essential organ); figuratively the mind (as the interior self).
of rams: 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath a sacrifice 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
in Boxr בָּצרָה, 1224
{1224} Prime
בָּצְרָה
Botsrah
{bots-raw'}
The same as H1223; Botsrah, a place in Edom.
and a great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
slaughter 2874
{2874} Prime
טֶבַח
tebach
{teh'-bakh}
From H2873; properly something slaughtered; hence a beast (or meat, as butchered); abstractly butchery (or concretely a place of slaughter).
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of m אֱדוֹם. 123
{0123} Prime
אֱדֹם
'Edom
{ed-ome'}
From H0122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occuped by him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 34:6

_ _ filled — glutted. The image of a sacrifice is continued.

_ _ blood ... fat — the parts especially devoted to God in a sacrifice (2 Samuel 1:22).

_ _ lambs ... goatssacrificial animals: the Idumeans, of all classes, doomed to slaughter, are meant (Zephaniah 1:7).

_ _ Bozrah — called Bostra by the Romans, etc., assigned in Jeremiah 48:24 to Moab, so that it seems to have been at one time in the dominion of Edom, and at another in that of Moab (Isaiah 63:1; Jeremiah 49:13, Jeremiah 49:20, Jeremiah 49:22); it was strictly not in Edom, but the capital of Auranitis (the Houran). Edom seems to have extended its dominion so as to include it (compare Lamentations 4:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 34:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 34:6

The sword — The metaphor is taken from a great glutton, who is almost insatiable. Rams — By lambs, and goats, and rams, he means people of all ranks and conditions, high and low, rich and poor. Bozrah — A chief city of Edom, and a type of those cities which should be most opposite to God's people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 34:6

The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and] with the blood of (f) lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in (g) Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.

(f) That is, both of young and old, poor and rich of his enemies.

(g) That famous city will be consumed as a sacrifice burnt to ashes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
filled:

Isaiah 63:3 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
Jeremiah 49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.
Ezekiel 21:4-5 Seeing then that I will cut off from thee the righteous and the wicked, therefore shall my sword go forth out of his sheath against all flesh from the south to the north: ... That all flesh may know that I the LORD have drawn forth my sword out of his sheath: it shall not return any more.
Ezekiel 21:10 It is sharpened to make a sore slaughter; it is furbished that it may glitter: should we then make mirth? it contemneth the rod of my son, [as] every tree.

the fat:

Deuteronomy 32:14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape.

the LORD[YHWH] hath:

Isaiah 34:5 For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.
Isaiah 63:1 Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
Jeremiah 50:27 Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation.
Jeremiah 51:40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he goats.
Ezekiel 39:17-20 And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, [even] a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. ... Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.
Zephaniah 1:7 Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD [is] at hand: for the LORD hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests.
Revelation 19:17-18 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; ... That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all [men, both] free and bond, both small and great.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:14. Is 34:5; 63:1, 3. Jr 49:13; 50:27; 51:40. Ezk 21:4, 10; 39:17. Zp 1:7. Rv 19:17.

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