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Isaiah 34:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll; and all their host shall fade away, as the leaf fadeth from off the vine, and as a fading [leaf] from the fig-tree.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig tree.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And all the host of heaven will wear away, And the sky will be rolled up like a scroll; All their hosts will also wither away As a leaf withers from the vine, Or as [one] withers from the fig tree.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their hosts shall fall down, as the leaf falleth from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig-tree.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And all the host of the heavens shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll; and all their host shall fade away, as a leaf fadeth from off the vine, and as the withered [fruit] from the fig-tree.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall be dissolved, all the host of the heavens, And the heavens, shall roll up as a scroll,—Yea, all their host, shall fade—Like the fading and falling of a leaf from a vine, and, Like what fadeth and falleth from a fig-tree.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And consumed have been all the host of the heavens, And rolled together as a book have been the heavens, And all their hosts do fade, As the fading of a leaf of a vine, And as the fading one of a fig-tree.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all the host of the heavens shall pine away, and the heavens shall be folded together as a book: and all their host shall fall down as the leaf falleth from the vine, and from the fig tree.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And all the hoste of heauen shalbe dissolued, and the heauens shalbe rouled together as a scrole: and all their hoste shall fall downe as the leafe falleth off from the Uine, and as a falling [figge] from the figge tree.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the powers of the heavens shall melt, and the sky shall be rolled up like a scroll: and all the stars shall fall like leaves from a vine, and as leaves fall from a fig-tree.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig tree.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the host 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
of heaven 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
shall be dissolved, 4743
{4743} Prime
מָקַק
maqaq
{maw-kak'}
A primitive root; to melt; figuratively to flow, dwindle, vanish.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
and the heavens 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
shall be rolled together 1556
{1556} Prime
גּלל
galal
{gaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to roll (literally or figuratively).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
as a scroll: 5612
{5612} Prime
סֵפֶר
cepher
{say'-fer}
From H5608; properly writing (the art or a document); by implication a book.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
their host 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
shall fall down, 5034
{5034} Prime
נָבֵל
nabel
{naw-bale'}
A primitive root; to wilt; generally to fall away, fail, faint; figuratively to be foolish or (morally) wicked; causatively to despise, disgrace.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
as the leaf 5929
{5929} Prime
עָלֶה
`aleh
{aw-leh'}
From H5927; a leaf (as coming up on a tree); collectively foliage.
falleth off 5034
{5034} Prime
נָבֵל
nabel
{naw-bale'}
A primitive root; to wilt; generally to fall away, fail, faint; figuratively to be foolish or (morally) wicked; causatively to despise, disgrace.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
from the vine, 1612
{1612} Prime
גֶּפֶן
gephen
{gheh'-fen}
From an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and as a falling 5034
{5034} Prime
נָבֵל
nabel
{naw-bale'}
A primitive root; to wilt; generally to fall away, fail, faint; figuratively to be foolish or (morally) wicked; causatively to despise, disgrace.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[fig] from the fig tree. 8384
{8384} Prime
תְּאֵן
t@'en
{teh-ane'}
The second form being singular and feminine; perhaps of foreign derivation; the fig (tree or fruit).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 34:4

_ _ (Psalms 102:26; Joel 2:31; Joel 3:15; Matthew 24:29).

_ _ dissolved — (2 Peter 3:10-12). Violent convulsions of nature are in Scripture made the images of great changes in the human world (Isaiah 24:19-21), and shall literally accompany them at the winding up of the present dispensation.

_ _ scroll — Books were in those days sheets of parchment rolled together (Revelation 6:14).

_ _ fall down — The stars shall fall when the heavens in which they are fixed pass away.

_ _ fig tree — (Revelation 6:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 34:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 34:4

Dissolved — The sun, moon, and stars. So great shall be the confusion and consternation of mankind, as if all the frame of the creation were broken into pieces. It is usual for prophetic writers, both in the Old and New Testament, to represent great and general calamities, in such words and phrases, as properly agree to the day of judgment; as on the contrary, the glorious deliverances of God's people, in such expressions, as properly agree to the resurrection from the dead.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 34:4

And all the host of heaven (c) shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their hosts shall fall down, as the leaf falleth from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig tree.

(c) He speaks this in respect to man's judgment, who in great fear and horrible troubles, think that heaven and earth perishes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all the:

Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Isaiah 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [how] art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
Psalms 102:25-26 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands. ... They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:
Jeremiah 4:23-24 I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light. ... I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.
Ezekiel 32:7-8 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. ... All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
Joel 2:30-31 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. ... The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
Joel 3:15 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
Mark 13:24-25 But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, ... And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.
Acts 2:19-20 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: ... The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
2 Peter 3:7-12 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. ... Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?
Revelation 6:13-14 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. ... And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
Revelation 8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 102:25. Is 13:10; 14:12. Jr 4:23. Ezk 32:7. Jol 2:30; 3:15. Mt 24:29, 35. Mk 13:24. Ac 2:19. 2P 3:7. Rv 6:13; 8:12; 20:11.

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