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Isaiah 34:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdom, but none shall be there; and all its princes shall be nothing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdom, but none [shall be] there, and all her princes shall be nothing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Its nobles—there is no one there [Whom] they may proclaim king— And all its princes will be nothing.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They shall call her nobles to the kingdom, but none [shall be] there, and all her princes shall be nothing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Of her nobles who should proclaim the kingdom, none are there; and all her princes shall be nought.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Her nobles (but none are, there!) unto royalty, will call,—All, all her princes, shall become nought.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [To] the kingdom her freemen they call, But there are none there, And all her princes are at an end.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The nobles thereof shall not be there: they shall call rather upon the king, and all the princes thereof shall be nothing.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdome, but none shall bee there, and all her Princes shall bee nothing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Her princes shall be no more; for her kings and her great men shall be destroyed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdom, but none [shall be] there, and all her princes shall be nothing.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They shall call 7121
{7121} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the nobles 2715
{2715} Prime
From H2787; properly white or pure (from the cleansing or shining power of fire (compare H2751); hence (figuratively) noble (in rank).
thereof to the kingdom, 4410
{4410} Prime
Feminine passive participle of H4427; something ruled, that is, a realm.
but none x369
(0369) Complement
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
[shall be] there, x8033
(8033) Complement
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
her princes 8269
{8269} Prime
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
nothing. 657
{0657} Prime
From H0656; cessation, that is, an end (especially of the earth); often used adverbially no further; also (like H6466) the ankle (in the dual), as being the extremity of the leg or foot.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 34:12

_ _ Rather, “As to her nobles, there shall be none there who shall declare a kingdom,” that is, a king [Maurer]; or else, “There shall be no one there whom they shall call to the kingdom” [Rosenmuller] (Isaiah 3:6, etc.). Idumea was at first governed by dukes (Genesis 36:15); out of them the king wan chosen when the constitution became a monarchy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 34:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 34:12

None — They shall not find any willing to undertake the government. Nothing — Shall have no courage or strength left in them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 34:12

(m) They shall call her nobles to the kingdom, but none [shall be] there, and all her princes shall be nothing.

(m) Meaning, here will be neither order nor policy nor state of commonwealth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 3:6-8 When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, [saying], Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and [let] this ruin [be] under thy hand: ... For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings [are] against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.
Ecclesiastes 10:16-17 Woe to thee, O land, when thy king [is] a child, and thy princes eat in the morning! ... Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!


Isaiah 41:24 Behold, ye [are] of nothing, and your work of nought: an abomination [is he that] chooseth you.
1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol [is] nothing in the world, and that [there is] none other God but one.
1 Corinthians 13:2 And though I have [the gift of] prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
2 Corinthians 12:11 I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.
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Ec 10:16. Is 3:6; 41:24. 1Co 8:4; 13:2. 2Co 12:11.

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