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Isaiah 34:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever; from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It will not be quenched night or day; Its smoke will go up forever. From generation to generation it will be desolate; None will pass through it forever and ever.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke of it shall ascend for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— it shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Neither, night nor day, shall it be quenched, To times age-abiding, shall ascend the smoke thereof,—From generation to generation, shall it be waste, Never, never, shall any pass through it:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By night and by day she is not quenched, To the age go up doth her smoke, From generation to generation she is waste, For ever and ever, none is passing into her.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Night and day it shall not be quenched, the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste, none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— It shal not be quenched night nor day, the smoke thereof shall goe vp for euer: from generation to generation it shall lye waste, none shal passe through it for euer and euer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and it shall never be quenched, and her smoke shall go up: it shall be made desolate throughout her generations,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
It shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be quenched 3518
{3518} Prime
כָּבָה
kabah
{kaw-baw'}
A primitive root; to expire or (causatively) to extinguish (fire, light, anger).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
night 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
nor day; 3119
{3119} Prime
יוֹמָם
yowmam
{yo-mawm'}
From H3117; daily.
the smoke 6227
{6227} Prime
עָשָׁן
`ashan
{aw-shawn'}
From H6225; smoke, literally or figuratively (vapor, dust, anger).
thereof shall go up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for ever: 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
from generation 1755
{1755} Prime
דּוֹר
dowr
{dore}
From H1752; properly a revolution of time, that is, an age or generation; also a dwelling.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
to generation 1755
{1755} Prime
דּוֹר
dowr
{dore}
From H1752; properly a revolution of time, that is, an age or generation; also a dwelling.
it shall lie waste; 2717
{2717} Prime
חָרַב
charab
{khaw-rab'}
A primitive root; to parch (through drought), that is, (by analogy) to desolate, destroy, kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
none x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
shall pass through 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
it for ever 5331
{5331} Prime
נֶצַח
netsach
{neh'-tsakh}
From H5329; properly a goal, that is, the bright object at a distance travelled towards; hence (figuratively), splendor, or (subjectively) truthfulness, or (objectively) confidence; but usually (adverbially), continually (that is, to the most distant point of view).
and ever. 5331
{5331} Prime
נֶצַח
netsach
{neh'-tsakh}
From H5329; properly a goal, that is, the bright object at a distance travelled towards; hence (figuratively), splendor, or (subjectively) truthfulness, or (objectively) confidence; but usually (adverbially), continually (that is, to the most distant point of view).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 34:10

_ _ It — The burning pitch, etc. (Isaiah 34:9).

_ _ smoke ... for ever — (Revelation 14:11; Revelation 18:18; Revelation 19:3).

_ _ generation to generation — (Malachi 1:4).

_ _ none ... pass through — Edom’s original offense was: they would not let Israel pass through their land in peace to Canaan: God recompenses them in kind, no traveler shall pass through Edom. Volney, the infidel, was forced to confirm the truth of this prophecy: “From the reports of the Arabs, southeast of the Dead Sea, within three days’ journey are upwards of thirty ruined towns, absolutely deserted.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 34:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 34:10

For ever — It shall remain as a spectacle of God's vengeance to all succeeding ages.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall not:

Isaiah 1:31 And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].
Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.
Jeremiah 7:20 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, mine anger and my fury shall be poured out upon this place, upon man, and upon beast, and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not be quenched.
Ezekiel 20:47-48 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. ... And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.
Mark 9:43-48 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: ... Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

the smoke:

Revelation 14:10-11 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: ... And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
Revelation 18:18 And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What [city is] like unto this great city!
Revelation 19:3 And again they said, Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.

from:

Isaiah 13:20 It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there.
Ezekiel 29:11 No foot of man shall pass through it, nor foot of beast shall pass through it, neither shall it be inhabited forty years.
Malachi 1:3-4 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness. ... Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever.
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Is 1:31; 13:20; 66:24. Jr 7:20. Ezk 20:47; 29:11. Mal 1:3. Mk 9:43. Rv 14:10; 18:18; 19:3.

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