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Isaiah 33:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The land mourneth and languisheth; Lebanon is confounded and withereth away; Sharon is like a desert; and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their leaves].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed [and] hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The land mourns [and] pines away, Lebanon is shamed [and] withers; Sharon is like a desert plain, And Bashan and Carmel lose [their foliage].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed [and] hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The land mourneth, it languisheth; Lebanon is ashamed, is withered; the Sharon is become as a desert, and Bashan and Carmel are stripped.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The land mourneth, languisheth, Lebanon, displayeth shame, is withered,—Sharon, hath become, as the waste plain, And Bashan and Carmel, are shaking off their leaves.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Mourned, languished hath the land, Confounded hath been Lebanon, Withered hath been Sharon as a wilderness, And shaking are Bashan and Carmel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The land hath mourned, and languished: Libanus is confounded, and become foul, and Saron is become as a desert: and Basan and Carmel are shaken.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed [and] hewen downe: Sharon is like a wildernes, and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The land mourns; Lebanon{gr.Libanus} is ashamed: Saron is become marshes; Galilee shall be laid bare, and Carmel{gr.Chermel}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Levanon is ashamed [and] hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Karmel shake off [their fruits].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
mourneth 56
{0056} Prime
אָבַל
'abal
{aw-bal'}
A primitive root; to bewail.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[and] languisheth: 535
{0535} Prime
אמל
'amal
{aw-mal'}
A primitive root; to droop; by implication to be sick, to mourn.
z8797
<8797> Grammar
Stem - Pulal (See H8850)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 21
Lvnn לְבָנוֹן 3844
{3844} Prime
לְבָנוֹן
L@banown
{leb-aw-nohn'}
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
is ashamed 2659
{2659} Prime
חַפֵר
chapher
{khaw-fare'}
A primitive root (perhaps rather the same as H2658 through the idea of detection): to blush; figuratively to be ashamed, disappointed; causatively to shame, reproach.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[and] hewn down: 7060
{7060} Prime
קָמַל
qamal
{kaw-mal'}
A primitive root; to wither.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
rn שָׁרוֹן 8289
{8289} Prime
שָׁרוֹן
Sharown
{shaw-rone'}
Probably abridged from H3474; plain; Sharon, the name of a place in Palestine.
is x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
like a wilderness; 6160
{6160} Prime
עֲרָבָה
`arabah
{ar-aw-baw'}
From H6150 (in the sense of sterility); a desert; especially (with the article prefixed) the (generally) sterile valley of the Jordan and its continuation to the Red Sea.
and Bn בָּשָׁן 1316
{1316} Prime
בָּשָׁן
Bashan
{baw-shawn'}
Of uncertain derivation; Bashan (often with the article), a region East of the Jordan.
and Carmel כַּרמֶל 3760
{3760} Prime
כַּרְמֶל
Karmel
{kar-mel'}
The same as H3759; Karmel, the name of a hill and of a town in Palestine.
shake off 5287
{5287} Prime
נָעַר
na`ar
{naw-ar'}
A primitive root (probably identical with H5286, through the idea of the rustling of mane, which usually accompanies the lion's roar); to tumble about.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[their fruits].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 33:7-9.


Isaiah 33:9

_ _ (Isaiah 24:4).

_ _ Lebanon — personified; the allusion may be to the Assyrian cutting down its choice trees (Isaiah 14:8; Isaiah 37:24).

_ _ Sharon — south of Carmel, along the Mediterranean, proverbial for fertility (Isaiah 35:2).

_ _ Bashan — afterwards called Batanea (Isaiah 2:13).

_ _ fruits — rather, understand “leaves”; they lie as desolate as in winter.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 33:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 33:9

Mourneth — Being desolate and neglected. Hewn — By the Assyrians. Bashan — Two places eminent for fertility, are spoiled of their fruits.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 33:9

The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed [and] hewn down: (o) Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits].

(o) Which was a plentiful country, meaning, that Sennacherib would destroy all.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
earth:

Isaiah 1:7-8 Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers. ... And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
Isaiah 24:1 Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.
Isaiah 24:4-6 The earth mourneth [and] fadeth away, the world languisheth [and] fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish. ... Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.
Isaiah 24:19-20 The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly. ... The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.
Jeremiah 4:20-26 Destruction upon destruction is cried; for the whole land is spoiled: suddenly are my tents spoiled, [and] my curtains in a moment. ... I beheld, and, lo, the fruitful place [was] a wilderness, and all the cities thereof were broken down at the presence of the LORD, [and] by his fierce anger.

Lebanon:

Isaiah 14:8 Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, [and] the cedars of Lebanon, [saying], Since thou art laid down, no feller is come up against us.
Isaiah 37:24 By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, [and] the forest of his Carmel.
Zechariah 11:1-3 Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars. ... [There is] a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.

hewn down:
or, withered away

Sharon:

Isaiah 35:2 It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, [and] the excellency of our God.
Isaiah 65:10 And Sharon shall be a fold of flocks, and the valley of Achor a place for the herds to lie down in, for my people that have sought me.
Song of Songs 2:1 I [am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lily of the valleys.

Bashan:

Deuteronomy 3:4 And we took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we took not from them, threescore cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.
Jeremiah 50:19 And I will bring Israel again to his habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan, and his soul shall be satisfied upon mount Ephraim and Gilead.
Micah 7:14 Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily [in] the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed [in] Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.
Nahum 1:4 He rebuketh the sea, and maketh it dry, and drieth up all the rivers: Bashan languisheth, and Carmel, and the flower of Lebanon languisheth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 3:4. So 2:1. Is 1:7; 14:8; 24:1, 4, 19; 35:2; 37:24; 65:10. Jr 4:20; 50:19. Mi 7:14. Na 1:4. Zc 11:1.

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