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Isaiah 33:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: [the enemy] hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth not man.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The highways are desolate, the traveler has ceased, He has broken the covenant, he has despised the cities, He has no regard for man.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The highways lie waste, the way-faring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The highways are desolate, the wayfaring man ceaseth. He hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The highways, are deserted, The passer-by on the path, hath ceased,—He hath broken covenant, He hath despised cities, He hath made no account of men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Desolated have been highways, Ceased hath he who passeth along the path, He hath broken covenant, He hath despised enemies, He hath not esteemed a man.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The ways are made desolate, no one passeth by the road, the covenant is made void, he hath rejected the cities, he hath not regarded the men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The high wayes lye waste; the way faring man ceaseth: he hath broken the couenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the ways of these shall be made desolate: the terror of the nations has been made to cease, and the covenant with these is taken away, and ye shall by no means deem them men.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The highways 4546
{4546} Prime
מְסִלָּה
m@cillah
{mes-il-law'}
From H5549; a thoroughfare (as turnpiked), literally or figuratively; specifically a viaduct, a staircase.
lie waste, 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
the wayfaring man 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
734
{0734} Prime
אֹרַח
'orach
{o'-rakh}
From H0732; a well trodden road (literally or figuratively); also a caravan.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
ceaseth: 7673
{7673} Prime
שָׁבַת
shabath
{shaw-bath'}
A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
he hath broken 6565
{6565} Prime
פָּרַר
parar
{paw-rar'}
A primitive root; to break up (usually figuratively, that is, to violate, frustrate).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the covenant, 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
he hath despised 3988
{3988} Prime
מָאַס
ma'ac
{maw-as'}
A primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the cities, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
he regardeth 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
no x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
man. 582
{0582} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 33:7-9.


Isaiah 33:8

_ _ broken ... covenant — When Sennacherib invaded Judea, Hezekiah paid him a large sum to leave the land; Sennacherib received the money and yet sent his army against Jerusalem (2 Kings 18:14, 2 Kings 18:17).

_ _ despised — make slight of as unable to resist him (Isaiah 10:9; Isaiah 36:19); easily captures them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 33:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 33:8

The covenant — Sennacherib broke his faith, given to Hezekiah, of departing for a sum of money, 2 Kings 18:14, 2 Kings 18:17. Cities — The defenced cities of Judah, which he contemned, and easily took.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 33:8

The (n) highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.

(n) These are the words of the ambassadors, when they returned from Sennacherib.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
highways:

Isaiah 10:29-31 They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled. ... Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee.
Judges 5:6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, and the travellers walked through byways.
Lamentations 1:4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she [is] in bitterness.

he hath broken:

2 Kings 18:14-17 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. ... And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which [is] in the highway of the fuller's field.

he hath despised:

Isaiah 10:9-11 [Is] not Calno as Carchemish? [is] not Hamath as Arpad? [is] not Samaria as Damascus? ... Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?
Isaiah 36:1 Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, [that] Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them.
2 Kings 18:13 Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them.

he regardeth:

Isaiah 10:13-14 For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have done [it], and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant [man]: ... And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs [that are] left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.
1 Samuel 17:10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
1 Samuel 17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who [is] this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
2 Kings 18:20-21 Thou sayest, (but [they are but] vain words,) [I have] counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? ... Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, [even] upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him.
Psalms 10:5 His ways are always grievous; thy judgments [are] far above out of his sight: [as for] all his enemies, he puffeth at them.
Luke 18:2-4 Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man: ... And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 5:6. 1S 17:10, 26. 2K 18:13, 14, 20. Ps 10:5. Is 10:9, 13, 29; 36:1. Lm 1:4. Lk 18:2.

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