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Isaiah 33:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not strengthen the foot of their mast, they could not spread the sail: then was the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame took the prey.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Your tackle hangs slack; It cannot hold the base of its mast firmly, Nor spread out the sail. Then the prey of an abundant spoil will be divided; The lame will take the plunder.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy tacklings are loosed; they strengthen not the socket of their mast, they cannot spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Loosed, are thy ropes,—They cannot strengthen the socket of their mast, They have not unfurled a sail, Now, can be apportioned spoil, in abundance, The lame, have captured prey!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Left have been thy ropes, They strengthen not rightly their mast, They have not spread out a sail, Then apportioned hath been a prey of much spoil, The lame have taken spoil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy tacklings are loosed, and they shall be of no strength: thy mast shall be in such condition, that thou shalt not be able to spread the flag. Then shall the spoils of much prey be divided: the lame shall take the spoil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy tacklings are loosed: they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the saile: then is the praye of a great spoile diuided, the lame take the praye.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy cords are broken, for they had no strength: thy meat has given way, it shall not spread the sails, it shall not bear a signal, until it be given up for plunder; therefore shall many lame men take spoil.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy tacklings 2256
{2256} Prime
חֶבֶל
chebel
{kheh'-bel}
From H2254; a rope (as twisted), especially a measuring line; by implication a district or inheritance (as measured); or a noose (as of cords); figuratively a company (as if tied together); also a throe (especially of parturition); also ruin.
are loosed; 5203
{5203} Prime
נָטַשׁ
natash
{naw-tash'}
A primitive root; properly to pound, that is, smite; by implication (as if beating out, and thus expanding) to disperse; also, to thrust off, down, out or upon (including reject, let alone, permit, remit, etc.).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
they could not x1077
(1077) Complement
בַּל
bal
{bal}
From H1086; properly a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverbially) not at all; also lest.
well 3653
{3653} Prime
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
The same as H3651, used as a noun; a stand, that is, pedestal or station.
strengthen 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
their mast, 8650
{8650} Prime
תֹּרֶן
toren
{to'-ren}
Probably for H0766; a pole (as a mast or flag staff).
they could not x1077
(1077) Complement
בַּל
bal
{bal}
From H1086; properly a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverbially) not at all; also lest.
spread 6566
{6566} Prime
פָּרַשׂ
paras
{paw-ras'}
A primitive root; to break apart, disperse, etc.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the sail: 5251
{5251} Prime
נֵס
nec
{nace}
From H5264; a flag; also a sail; by implication a flagstaff; generally a signal; figuratively a token.
then x227
(0227) Complement
אָז
'az
{awz}
A demonstrative adverb; at that time or place; also as a conjugation, therefore.
is the prey 5706
{5706} Prime
עַד
`ad
{ad}
The same as H5703 in the sense of the aim of an attack; booty.
of a great 4766
{4766} Prime
מַרְבֶּה
marbeh
{mar-beh'}
From H7235; properly increasing; as noun, greatness, or (adverbially) greatly.
spoil 7998
{7998} Prime
שָׁלָל
shalal
{shaw-lawl'}
From H7997; booty.
divided; 2505
{2505} Prime
חָלַק
chalaq
{khaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to be smooth (figuratively); by implication (as smooth stones were used for lots) to apportion or separate.
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
the lame 6455
{6455} Prime
פִּסֵּחַ
picceach
{pis-say'-akh}
From H6452; lame.
take 962
{0962} Prime
בָּזַז
bazaz
{baw-zaz'}
A primitive root; to plunder.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the prey. 957
{0957} Prime
בַּז
baz
{baz}
From H0962; plunder.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 33:23

_ _ tacklings — Continuing the allegory in Isaiah 33:21, he compares the enemies’ host to a war galley which is deprived of the tacklings or cords by which the mast is sustained and the sail is spread; and which therefore is sure to be wrecked on “the broad river” (Isaiah 33:21), and become the prey of Israel.

_ _ they — the tacklings, “hold not firm the base of the mast.”

_ _ then — when the Assyrian host shall have been discomfited. Hezekiah had given Sennacherib three hundred talents of silver, and thirty of gold (2 Kings 18:14-16), and had stripped the temple of its gold to give it to him; this treasure was probably part of the prey found in the foe’s camp. After the invasion, Hezekiah had so much wealth that he made an improper display of it (2 Kings 20:13-15); this wealth, probably, was in part got from the Assyrian.

_ _ the lame — Even the most feeble shall spoil the Assyrian camp (compare Isaiah 35:6; 2 Samuel 5:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 33:13-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 33:23

Tacklings — He directs his speech to the Assyrians; and having designed their army under the notion of a gallant ship, Isaiah 33:21, he here represents their undone condition, by the metaphor of a ship, tossed in a tempestuous sea, having her cables broke, and all her tacklings loose, so that she could have no benefit of her masts and sails; and therefore is quickly swallowed up. The lame — They shall leave so many spoils behind them, that there shall be enough left for the lame, who come last to the spoil.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 33:23

Thy (a) tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail: then is the (b) prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.

(a) He derides the Assyrians and enemies of the Church, declaring their destruction as they who perish by shipwreck.

(b) He comforts the Church, and shows that they will be enriched with all benefits both of body and soul.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thy tacklings are loosed:
or, they have forsaken thy tacklings,
Isaiah 33:21 But there the glorious LORD [will be] unto us a place of broad rivers [and] streams; wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby.
Ezekiel 27:26-34 Thy rowers have brought thee into great waters: the east wind hath broken thee in the midst of the seas. ... In the time [when] thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters thy merchandise and all thy company in the midst of thee shall fall.
Acts 27:19 And the third [day] we cast out with our own hands the tackling of the ship.
Acts 27:30-32 And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship, ... Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and let her fall off.
Acts 27:40-41 And when they had taken up the anchors, they committed [themselves] unto the sea, and loosed the rudder bands, and hoised up the mainsail to the wind, and made toward shore. ... And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.

then:

Isaiah 33:1 Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou [wast] not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; [and] when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.
Isaiah 33:4 And your spoil shall be gathered [like] the gathering of the caterpiller: as the running to and fro of locusts shall he run upon them.
2 Chronicles 20:25 And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much.

the lame:

1 Samuel 30:10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.
1 Samuel 30:22-24 Then answered all the wicked men and [men] of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them [ought] of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead [them] away, and depart. ... For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part [is] that goeth down to the battle, so [shall] his part [be] that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.
2 Kings 7:8 And when these lepers came to the uttermost part of the camp, they went into one tent, and did eat and drink, and carried thence silver, and gold, and raiment, and went and hid [it]; and came again, and entered into another tent, and carried thence [also], and went and hid [it].
Psalms 68:12 Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil.
1 Corinthians 1:27 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 30:10, 22. 2K 7:8. 2Ch 20:25. Ps 68:12. Is 33:1, 4, 21. Ezk 27:26. Ac 27:19, 30, 40. 1Co 1:27.

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